Cumberland County, NC
Index to Deeds, Indentures, Quit Claims

Division of property of Duncan Black - 1833
Daniel Leslie to John Leslie Deed - 1817
Cumberland County Deeds Online
Muse to Morrison Deed - 1774
Morrison to Morrison Deed - 1839
McLean to Morrison Deed - 1854
1790 Deed: Hugh Black-Daniel Finley
Deed: McGregor-Finlayson to McRae
Deed: Rebecca Sinclair, Duncan F. Sinclair and Daniel F. Sinclair to Mathew Strickland - 1854
McLeod (McLoud, McLood) Deeds 1754-1785
1807 - Margaret MacKay to Lauchlin MacKay
1782 - Nathan King's Oath
1854 - Edward McPherson and Alexander McPherson, Jr. deed
1803 - McPherson/Campbell Deed
1813 - McPherson/Buie Deed
1897 - Abigail Poe Deed
1815 - Grantor Kinchen P. Tyson   Grantee John Ferrell
1851 Deed from Arch A. F. Smith to Datus Jones
Miscellaneous Early Deed Abstracts
1773 Deed from Lazarus Creel To Edmund Baxley
1760 Deed from Lazarus Creel To John Hill
1758 Deed from Martin (Grantham )(Trantham)? To Lazarus Creal
1769 Deed from Joseph Fort To Lazarus Creel
1774 Deed from Thomas Creel To Thomas Davis
1854 Deed from Ann Snow to Thomas J. Jordan
1854 Deed from Flora Snow to Ann Snow
1827 Deed from John Black, Sheriff, to John Darroch
1825 Deed from Duncan Darroch Daniel Darroch To Malcolm Darroch
A McPhail deed to Thomas Murphy
Misc. Data Cumb. Co. Deed Book

Explanation of how land claims and entries became land grants in North Carolina, from 
"The Dixie Frontier," by Everett Dick, 1948, p. 10:

"The North Carolina law, applicable to Tennessee in 1782, had the advantage over that of 
Kentucky, however, in that an official surveyor marked off the land. The system was: 
(1) A claimant would go into the woods and mark out roughly the boundaries of the desired tract. 
(2) This rude survey when submitted to the entry-taker at the land office was called an "entry." 
He made a record of the entry and issued a warrant for the survey. 
(3) The official surveyor 
connected with the land office then made a survey and submitted a plat to the secretary of state, 
who issued a land grant. 
(4) The title was complete when the grant was recorded in the office of 
the register of the county where the land lay."

(Source: Jan 1986 issue of the Cumberland County Genealogical Society newsletter) 
Contributed by Steve Edgerton September 17, 2005

Deed Records Insight
All individuals doing research have at one time or another wondered about the system of measurements 
used by early surveyors.

The basis of measurement was the Gunther chain invented by Edmund Gunther in 1620. The Gunther's chain 
was sixty-six feet in length and consisted of a hundred links of 7 92/100 inches each. It was made of 
number 6 or 9 wire.

This chain played an important role in today's system of measurement. Our rod is 16 1/2 feet or 
one-fourth of a chain. The mile is 80 chains. The acre is ten square chains or 43,560 square feet. 
The rod was also known as the pole. Streets were laid out one chain wide.

The old linear measure, now often called the surveyors measure, was as follows...
7 92/100 INCHES....   make 1 LINK
25 LINKS...           make 1 POLE
100 LINKS, 4 POLES or 66 FEET....    make 1 CHAIN
10 CHAINS....         make 1 FURLONG
8 FURLONGS...         make 1 MILE

Deeds, Land Grant Insights
In addition to the above information you will find on land grants the names of the CHAIN carriers. 
These are good clues to family relationships. The male chain carriers must have been 14 years or older 
and were usually sons, brothers of the grantee. If there were no males of age, the chain carrier was 
possibly a member of the wife's family. 

Deed of Gift
When there are two dates listed on a deed of gift, and these dates are at a wide berth, you are looking 
at the approximate date of death for the grantor. Often deed of gifts from father to son divulge the 
approximate marriage date for the son.  

(Source: Jan 1986 issue of the Cumberland County Genealogical Society newsletter) 
Contributed by Steve Edgerton February 16, 2004

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