History and formation of Swain County
European settlement began soon after the Cherokee
Indian cession of 1798. These Europeans settled in the areas along the
Oconaluftee and Tuckaseegee Rivers. The Cherokees surrendered the
remainder of the land in a treaty on February 27, 1819. In 1871 the
North Carolina General Assembly passed an act making Swain a North
Carolina county, taking land from Jackson and Macon county. It was named
for David L. Swain a former governor of North Carolina and president of
the University of North Carolina.
The first court was held at Cold Spring Meeting
House. Commissioners were to select a site for the courthouse and lay
out a town named Charleston, to become the county seat. Charleston was
renamed Bryson City in 1889 in honor of Colonel Thad Dillard Bryson.
Swain County began probating wills in 1876.
North Carolina in 1870 before Swain became a county
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This page was last updated Tuesday 7 September 2010
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