From Essex England to the Surry Southern UAS
by: Robert R. Harris
This work is dedicated to the memory of those who have answered the call of their country and have fought in military units to preserve and defend their freedoms, their families, homeland and society. As time has gone by, the identity of country has been: England, the American colonies and the United States of America. For many of these families, the term "country" included, for a short period of time, The Confederate States of America. Members and descendants of these families, from the time of their arrival in the Virginia Colony to and including the Desert Storm operation on the Arabian Peninsula, have fought in every war in which their country has engaged.
We have selected, to represent all of the sons and daughters of our families who have taken active roles in defending our freedoms, one of our nation's most distinguished, honored and decorated soldiers. That person is Colonel Jack LeMaster Treadwell (1919-1977) of Oklahoma (d125/7111/419). Jack's family is discussed on pages 180-181 of the text. The details of Jack's military service were received from members of Jack's family and from the Museum of the 45th Infantry Division on N.E. 36th Street in Oklahoma City.
Jack was born in Ashland, Clay County, Alabama on March 30, 1919. He grew up in Snyder, Oklahoma. He entered military service in Oklahoma and served in World War II in the 45th Infantry Division of the United States Army. Jack participated, with his Division, in the invasions of Sicily, Italy and Southern France. He participated in the ground battles in France and Germany. Jack was involved in some of the most intensive fighting in the war, including the Anzio beachhead, the mountain battles in Italy, the fight to penetrate and disarm the Siegfried Line in Germany and others. Jack served as an enlisted man and sergeant in Italy. After receiving a battlefield commission, Jack served as a company commander. As the citation included here will attest, Jack Treadwell was a leader and led by his own personal examples. Jack was quoted as saying that he would not send those he commanded into places he would not go himself. Jack personified the motto of the United States Infantry, "Follow me." Jack, indeed, led where the going was the toughest. As an officer, Jack never forgot his time as an enlisted man and sergeant. Perhaps those experiences had a great deal to do with Jack's ability to set an excellent example of what a good officer should be. Jack served in the army of occupation in Europe after World War II. He also served with distinction in the Korean Conflict and in Vietnam.
After his battlefield commission, Jack Treadwell rose through the ranks and served as a full colonel. A building (military facility) has been named in his honor at Fort Benning, Georgia. President Harry S. Truman conferred the Congressional Medal of Honor on Jack in a ceremony at the White House. Jack's family was present at this event. A copy of the citation for the Medal of Honor is given below. Also, a list of Jack's medals and decorations is included herewith.
Colonel Jack L. Treadwell served his country in the United States Army for about 30 years. He died of a heart attack on December 12, 1977. He is buried in the Post Cemetery at Fort Sill, Oklahoma.
A granite memorial has been erected to Colonel Jack Treadwell in his hometown of Snyder. The memorial, among other things, cites Jack as "one of America's most decorated soldiers". The Museum of the 45th Infantry Division in Oklahoma City says of Colonel Jack Treadwell, "entering service from Snyder, Oklahoma, he became the most decorated Thunderbird, including the Medal of Honor awarded for heroism in Germany on 18 March, 1945".
Surviving Jack, in 1992, are his widow, his three daughters, two grandchildren and two of his sisters. His surviving sisters are Frances (Fannie) Treadwell of Snyder and Voncyle Treadwell Simmons of Fredrick, Oklahoma. Jack's widow is Charlotte Maxine Johnson (Johnnie) Treadwell of Norman, Oklahoma. His daughters are Whittie Treadwell Carson Rainwater, Debby Treadwell Floris and Tracee Treadwell. His grandchildren are Erin Carson and John L. Carson.
Jack's parents were Whittie LeMaster and Walter Treadwell of Snyder. His grandparents were Stephen and Fannie S. Treadwell of Snyder and Anna Yates and Silas LeMaster of Eclectic, Alabama. His great-grandparents were Nancy L. Harris Allen and John P. LeMaster of Eclectic. His great-great-grandparents were Mariah Clark and Guilford Harris (1793-1864) (d125/711) of Jonesboro, Georgia.
Congressional Medal of Honor Citation for Captain Jack L. Treadwell - conferred by President Harry S. Truman in the White House:
The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, March 3, 1863, has awarded in the name of the Congress the Medal of Honor to
CAPTAIN JACK L. TREADWELL
UNITED STATES ARMY
for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty:
Captain (then 1st Lieutenant) Jack L. Treadwell, commanding officer of Company F, near Nieder-Wurzbach, Germany, in the Siegfried line on 18 March 1945, single-handedly captured 6 pillboxes and 18 prisoners. Murderous enemy automatic and rifle fire with intermittent artillery bombardments had pinned down his company for hours at the base of a hill defended by concrete fortifications and interlocking trenches. Eight men sent to attack a single point had all become casualties on the bare slope when Captain Treadwell, armed with a submachine gun and hand grenades, went forward alone to clear the way for his stalled company. Over the terrain devoid of cover and swept by bullets, he fearlessly advanced, firing at the aperture of the nearest pillbox and, when within range, hurling grenades at it. He reached the pillbox, thrust the muzzle of his gun through the port and drove four Germans out with their hands in the air. A fifth was found dead inside. Waving these prisoners back to the American line, he continued under terrible, concentrated fire to the next pillbox and took it in the same manner. In this fort, he captured the commander of the hill defenses, whom he sent to the rear with the other prisoners. Never slackening his attack, he then ran across the crest of the hill to a third pillbox, traversing this distance in full view of hostile machine gunners and snipers. He was again successful in taking the enemy position. The Germans quickly fell prey to his further rushes on three more pillboxes in the confusion and havoc caused by his whirlwind assaults and capture of their commander. Inspired by the electrifying performance of their leader, the men of Company F stormed after him and overwhelmed resistance on the, entire hill, driving a wedge into the Siegfried line and making it possible for their battalion to take its objective. By his courageous willingness to face nearly impossible odds and by his overwhelming one-man offensive, Captain Treadwell reduced a heavily fortified, seemingly impregnable enemy sector. (End citation.)
List of medals, decorations and honors received by Colonel Jack L. Treaewell, as displayed in the Museum of the 45th Infantry Division in Oklahoma City:
1. Medal of Honor (Army) - Citation given above.
2. Combat Infantryman's Badge - 2nd award.
3. Silver Star.
4. Bronze Star with "Valor" device, an oak leaf cluster for second award.
5. Purple Heart with 3 oak leaf clusters.
6. Distinguished Service Cross.
7. Legion of Merit with two oak leaf clusters.
8. Distinguished Flying Cross.
9. Soldiers Medal.
10. Meritorious Service.
11. Army Commendation.
12. Air Medal with "12" device.
13. Good Conduct.
14. Presidential Unit Citation.
15. Senior Parachutist Badge.
16. Croix de Guerre with Gold Star (French).
17. Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross Unit Citation.
18. Gallantry Cross with Gold Star (Vietnamese).
19. Medal of Honor of Merit (Vietnamese).
20. Campaign Medal (Vietnamese).
21. Vietnam Service with 6 stars.
22. European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign with Arrowhead (Assault landing) and 8 Stars.
23. World War II Victory.
24. Army of Occupation (Germany).
25. National Defense Service with oak leaf cluster.
26. American Campaign.
27. American Defense Service.
Colonel Jack LeMaster Treadwell (1919-1977) of Oklahoma (d125/7111/419). Upper left - President Harry S. Truman conferring the Congressional Medal of Honor in the White House. Upper right -Memorial to Colonel Treadwell in his home town. Below - Display in the 45th Infantry Division Museum in Oklahoma City.
It seems appropriate in works such as this to briefly discuss the methods used in compiling the information contained in such publication.
A bibliography is included herein which lists existing publications from which information was obtained and used in this work. Some of the materials listed in this bibliography were reviewed for background information. The information, in some cases, was found in more than one source.
Some source information is identified and described as a part of the text in which it is used. Symbols and footnotes are used along with the text to indicate specific items in the bibliography.
A major portion of the information contained in this work has been obtained by the writer through interviews with individuals who very graciously responded by relating and supplying information concerning their families. Many of those interviews were in person, beginning about 1953. Some of the interviews were by telephone.
Several hundred people have responded and assisted with this work through those personal contacts. The writer has been greatly rewarded in meeting and getting to knob so many relatives and friends in accomplishing this work.
Regretfully, many who have helped over these years have now passed on.
My sincere thanks and appreciations go out to all of you who have helped. Thank you for your time, your assistance and your words of encouragement.
We have made our best efforts to correctly place into print the information you have; supplied. We would like to have done this without errors and mistakes. Please forgive us if we have failed in any way to properly state your historical items.
Some have gone beyond their own families in furnishing family information.
J. Harris Harper of Stone Mountain, Georgia published the results of his research into the descendants of Matthew Harris (d125/7) several years ago. He shared that work with this writer.
Mrs. Nell Cook Lovell of McDonough, Georgia gave substantial assistance in supplying information concerning the descendants of her ancestor, Alston Green Harris (d125/716).
Luther Pryor Harris of Seminole, Florida, Willard B. Harris of Martinsville, Virginia, James Alston Harris, Jr. of Alpharetta, Georgia, Leroy Allen (L.A.) Harris, Jr. of Henderson, North Carolina and Mary Elizabeth (Lib) Walker Taylor of Norlina, North Carolina helped to develop the histories of the children of Robert and Ann Fulgham Harris (d125), who made their homes along Little Fishing Creek in, present day, Warren County, North Carolina. Luther P. Harris also assisted with his research of early Harris history in England and in North America.
Mrs. Mary Ellen Lowery of Canton, Georgia assisted in the descendants of Rebecca Harris Wesley (d125/7113).
Mrs. Ethel LeMaster Nolen of Alexander City, Alabama and Mrs. Jane Avant Golden of Eclectic, Alabama assisted in the descendants of Nancy L. Harris Allen LeMaster (d125/7111).
Mr. and Mrs. Tinsley Harris of Silverstreet, South Carolina, Mrs. Connie Stabler Kennedy of Mobile, Alabama and Mrs. Julie Suk Whiting of Mobile, Alabama assisted in the descendants of Judge Ptolomy Tinsley Harris, Sr. (d121/6124).
Many others have been of great assistance. Thank you all.
The compiler and writer of this publication presumes that he has used methods in this work that are commonly used in such undertakings.
Family research in some respects is like panning for gold. One may sift through tons of dirt and rock and find very little or no gold. A family history researcher may spend hours, days, weeks and months and find little or no rewards for such efforts. Some become discouraged and stop for a while.
Making a significant discovery is an event like finding that gold nugget. As the Greeks would have it, we shout, "Eureka, I have found it!" and so on to next nugget. For example, this researcher searched for more than twenty years to find the parents of his ancestor, Matthew Harris, who died in 1813.
Everybody's ancestors are out there in the years gone by, waiting to be discovered by those who have the time and are willing to make the effort. We reach our ancient roots by beginning with ourselves and proceeding backward in time one generation at a time. There is no way to jump generations. A narrow spine of ancestry is developed back to a time period that satisfies the researcher. This history was accomplished in such manner.
Afterwards, the history was expanded and brought forward in time to include the descendants of the brothers and sisters of older generations. A goal was adopted to find living descendants of those people. This trail, of course, leads into many other family names.
This writer went through several stages of thought in deciding the appropriate point in: time at which to begin the family narrative. The place to start, of course, depends on how much of the family story one knows at the time the decision is made. In this case, the place to start varied as time passed and as more of the story was discovered.
The decision to begin the story with our ancestors arriving in the Virginia Colony, the beginning of our American ancestry, came late in the process. That point of beginning permitted us to begin the story with a single thread of ancestry and from that, thread to weave the cloth of this American Harris family and its descendants who bear other family names.
The development of additional personal items of family information has permitted us to know more of the life activities of our members, including their occupations and accomplishments.
An effort has been made to include items of general history that were taking place at the time these ancestors were living. The personal involvement of our ancestors in the establishment of the Virginia Colony is an example.
The writer studied related information found in State Archives of History including those located in Montgomery, Atlanta, Jackson, Raleigh, Columbia, Nashville, Richmond and Austin.
Public libraries have been used in large cities and in small villages in the states of Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas and Virginia.
County courthouse records have been searched in the states of Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas and Virginia.
Federal census records were reviewed wherever they were found including the Federal Records Center in East Point, Georgia. The Federal Center has census records from all states. Federal census records from 1790 through 1920 are currently available for public inspection. Some state census records were found in North Carolina.
The writer found and used several old family Bible records. The writer visited several hundred cemeteries in several states to secure family records from grave markers. Cemetery books, where available, were used for the same purposes.
The writer has made extensive usage of wills, census records and land conveyance records in reaching conclusions as to what persons made up particular families.
Most of the wills were reviewed in the courthouses where they are recorded. Notes were taken from many of these wills. Copies of some of the wills were made. Some of those are reproduced in this publication.
This Harris family has made and used wills extensively both in England and in North America. Those wills have furnished an abundance of family information.
Records of land transactions have been quite helpful in estimating when families moved from one location to another.
Marriage records, estate administration records, and years support for minor children and widows records have also been helpful in establishing family relationships.
The writer has used the Encyclopaedia Britannica extensively and selectively in the English portion of this work.
A family researcher creates nothing except a record of what he or she has learned from individuals, existing records, or from some other person's previous efforts.
This writer is more than anxious to give full credit for all sources of information used.
OF THIS FAMILY HISTORY
ROBERT E. HARRIS
Robert was born and grew up in the Appalachian highlands of northeast Alabama. His home, DeKalb County, includes areas of Sand Mountain, Lookout Mountain, ridges, valleys and streams. The writer's childhood home at 600 Gault Avenue South in Fort Payne is located in Little Wills Valley. The front entrance to this home opens to a beautiful view of Lookout Mountain rising up within a mile to the southeast.
The writer's grandparents, Thomas G. and Frances Jackson Harris, brought their family to this area in 1882. The writer's maternal ancestors, Alexander W. Majors and Mathias Chitwood, were living in this area about the year 1835 while it was still a part of the Cherokee Indian Nation. These families have been and still are very much a part of the business, political and social culture of this area.
The writer represented DeKalb County for four years in the Alabama House of Representatives. This same seat had been occupied for two terms by the writer's ancestor, Alexander W. Majors. It was also occupied for one term by the writer's ancestor, the Reverend Bailey Bruce.
The writer, during his teens, served as a rifleman in combat in Europe in General Patton's Third Army during World War II.
The writer earned three degrees in colleges: a degree in civil engineering from Georgia Tech and two degrees in law (LLB and LLM). The writer is a Registered Professional Engineer and a member of the active bar of Georgia.
The writer worked in the development of public roads for 12 years. This included service as a county engineer for DeKalb County, Alabama. He has worked for 28 years in the planning and development of public airports in the southeastern United States.
The writer developed an interest in local history and in family history while living in DeKalb County, Alabama. He worked, first, on his mother's family history.
The writer considers himself to have limited skills in the field of compiling family historical records. Compensating, somewhat, for those limitations in skills, the writer has substituted persistence, patience and a substantial amount of personal time and effort. This effort and time has been spread over a span of more than 40 years.
Some time ago, the writer was enjoying dinner and chatting with some coworkers in a restaurant in Washington, D. C. A stranger stopped by our table and, in a rather pleasant voice, asked me how far south one would have to go to get a drawl in his speech equal to mine.
The writer is very much a product of the culture in which he grew up. That fact, notwithstanding a drawl and a you all, is a source of personal satisfaction and contentment.
The numbering system described here is used only for Part I, the American part of this history.
A numbering system is necessary because of the number of generations involved and because of the repeated uses of the same names in this family.
The numbering system helps to establish order. It also assists readers in tracing their own line of ancestors through the generations with ease and speed.
The numbering system begins with our immigrant ancestor, John Harris, who was born in England in 1588.
John was the fourth child in his father's family and was listed by the letter "d".
The American Harris family begins with "d. John Harris; b. 1588". John's first child is designated as "d1 Thomas Harris; b. 1614". His second child it listed as "d2 Dorothy Harris; b. 1619".
As an example of tracing one's lineage backward, take the case of the person identified by the number d121/7. This person is West Harris who was born on August 13, 1715.
West's number tells us that he was a fifth generation American. That is because his identifying number has a total of five letters and digits. We can also know that West was the seventh child in his parent's family.
To find West's parents, we simply drop the last digit in West's number. We find that the person who is thus identified is d121 Edward Harris; b. about 1663. To go back another generation, we, again, drop the last digit in the number. We find this person to be d12 Thomas Harris; b. about 1637, etc.
A person searching for his or her own name in this book should use the index of names. That index will list the page in the book where that name can be found. Don't be surprised to find that others have also used your name.
All females are listed in the index under their maiden names, after which is added the names they acquired by marriage.
Some words of Jesus Christ by which to live - From the Living Bible
Love the Lord with all your heart, soul, and mind. This is the first and greatest command. The second most important is similar; Love your neighbor as much as you love yourself. All the other commandments and all the demands of the prophets stem from these two laws and are fulfilled if you obey them. Keep only these and you will find that you are obeying all the others.
Matthew 22; 37 - 40, The Bible.
John Harris was born in 1588 in Essex County, England. He and his wife, Dorothy Calcott Harris, were the immigrant ancestors and progenitors of thousands of Americans.
This history is about the descendants of this family. It is also about the ancestors of this family. Therefore, this family of John and Dorothy Harris is the centerpiece of this history. We will begin this history with this family who became the forebears of many American families. We will move forward to the present time.
The English ancestors and roots of this family will be described and discussed in the second part of this history. Part three of this history will examine the probable origins of the Harris family.
We can only wonder why this young couple from England's well-to-do class would enter this great venture in this new world. Why, indeed, would they come at this sad time for the Virginia Colony?
They had to know that during that very year, 1622; at least one third of all of the colonists in Virginia had been killed by Indians. Yet they came with their two small children to make a home in what was then a harsh and unyielding wilderness area, full of hard work and disappointments.
The courage they exhibited would be sorely tested. That same courage and resoluteness would be passed on to their children and to succeeding generations. They would surely need it.
It should not be difficult to believe that John and Dorothy had experienced some excellent character building training in their own homes as children. The information contained herein will attest to the strong work ethic of this family and the strong Christian faith that supported it.
Perhaps it is appropriate, at this point, to discuss the ancestry of Dorothy, the wife of John Harris. Evidence of that ancestry is, indeed, scarce.
Family historians have searched for such evidence in many places. Page 5 of this history relates the visit of John and Dorothy to England and the birth of their son, John on May 1, 1624. Some, perhaps, see some evidence of Dorothy's ancestry in the church registry associated with the baptism of their new son. The Parish Registry of St Dunstan-in-the-East, Stepney, London contains this information: "John, sonne of Joh Harris, of Virginia, gent, and Dorothy, his wife, borne in the house of Edward Lymbry of Lyme House, mariner, the same day baptised---".
Encyclopaedia Britannica, as well as other sources, tell us that Limehouse is a "district in the Stepney area of the borough of Tower Hamlets in the East End of London England, on the north bank of the River Thames. Many seaman's hostels, churches trades unions, and public houses still enhance the character of a traditionally live] district, -".
Perhaps in the days when ocean going ships were smaller, this port area on the Thames River was a convenient place for trading ships of many nations to dock. Besides being an international port of call, it was, with little doubt, the center of ocean commerce in southeastern England. This was the logical center of English activity for ships serving the Virginia Colony, which was a product of a London corporation. Of course; the ship returning the John Harris family would have docked here. Perhaps John and Dorothy were hoping, during their voyage, that the birth of their child would await their arrival in London where they would receive better care. The, found lodging and hospitality in the "house of Edward Lymbry of Limehouse, mariner-") The term "mariner" could, very well, describe a person who was engaged in the business of operating seagoing cargo ships. It would also describe a person engaged in offering services to seagoing travelers and seamen, such as a public house furnishing food and lodging.
Does the information contained in this Parish Register concerning this Harris family contain any indication to suggest that Edward Lymbry was the father of Dorothy Harris or was, otherwise, closely related to this family? If such message is there, it is quite vague. If Edward Lymbry was closely related to this family, that relationship; surely, would have been stated in the Registry in lieu of the term "mariner". This term "mariner" suggests that this traveling family had found a much needed lodging is this port of London.
This writer believes that the public record which gives the best indication of a family relationship to Dorothy and, perhaps, her maiden name, is the record of inheriting a land interest from George Calcott (John Bennett Boddie - C.R., page 113). This deceased George Calcott was, most likely, either the father, brother or uncle of Dorothy, This opinion and conclusion is shared by others.
THE LOCATION OF CREEKSEA PLACE, ANCESTRAL HARRIS FAMILY HOME IN ENGLAND
INSET E - A PORTION OF ESSEX COUNTY ENGLAND
Some items of interest for this Harris family:
A. The Crouch River.
B. The Village of Burnham.
C. Cricksea Place, Home of Sir William Harris of Crecksea; and where John Harris (d), our immigrant ancestor grew up. Location, 2 miles west of Burnham.
D. Woodham Mortimer, another Harris ancestral home.
THE NORTHERN WING
SOUTH WEST FRONT
The above pictures of the North Wing of the principal residence on Creeksea Place (formerly called Crixseth) were taken in 1909. This ancestral home of the Harris (spelled Herrys in 1596) family was completed in the year 1569. The East and West Wings were removed in 1741-2. This estate of 256 acres is located on the north side of the Crouch River, about two miles west of the village of Burnham, Essex and east of London.
The exhibit shown above is a portion of a current official State Highway am Transportation Map of Virginia, which was published by the State Highway Transportation Commission of the Commonwealth of Virginia. The area marked of and labeled as Inset A (and depicted later herein) shows the area where the immigrant ancestors, Dorothy Calcott and John Harris (d), were living in February of 1623. The area marked off and labeled Inset B (and depicted later herein shows the area where the descendants of the immigrant ancestors lived from about the year 1650.
The above depicted exhibit represents Inset A from the previous map of Virginia. This area is from a map drawn under the supervision of James Elliatt Walmsley and is labeled as "JAMESTOWN 1607-1619". The area shown as Shirley Hundred was the site of the home of our immigrant ancestors, Dorothy Calcott and John Harris (d). They also died here. John died about 1638. Their grandsons, John Harris (d1 1) and Thomas Harris (d1 2), were born here. They migrated to Isle Of Wight County, Virginia, about 1650. The land in Shirley Hundred was acquired by the Hill family in 1660. The Hill family developed the Shirley Plantation. Their descendants, the Carter family, owns the Shirley Plantation, which is now open to the public. This was the birthplace of Anne Hill Carter, the wife of "Light Horse" Harry Lee and the mother of General Robert E. Lee.
The pictures shown above were taken from the east bank of the James River at Shirley Hundred (on the Shirley Plantation). Looking to the west and across the James River, the Appomattox River is shown where it flows into the James River. Looking to the east, on the right, is a view of the main residence of the Shirley Plantation which is now open to the public. Photos by R. E. Harris.
The above exhibit represents inset B from the previous map of Virginia. This area shows: on the left, a portion of Southampton County; on the right, a portion of Isle of Wight County. This exhibit is made from county maps produced by the Commonwealth of Virginia. The Blackwater River forms the line between these counties. The original Isle of Wight County in Virginia contained the lands that are now located in the counties of Brunswick, Greensville, Southampton and Isle of Wight. The small stream labeled with the "W" in the upper center portion of the map, between Warricks Corner and the town of Ivor, is the Warrick Branch which is mentioned in several of the deeds involving this Harris family. Members of this family had extensive land holdings on both sides of the Blackwater River.
Two of the children of the immigrant ancestors, Thomas Harris (d1) and Dorothy Harris Baker Bond (d2), moved to this area of Virginia about 1650. They died here. John Harris (d11) and Thomas Harris (d12), who were born at Shirley Hundred, died here. The generation of the children of Thomas Harris (d12), including Edward Harris (d121) and Robert Harris (d125), were horn and died here. All of the children of these two brothers were born here.
These pictures were taken along Virginia State Road 620, which runs from the town of Ivor, on U. S. 460 and the N & W Railroad, to the courthouse in the village of Isle of Wight. Above are views at Warricks Corner. Below is a view of the Blackwater River on the county line.
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