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PLEASANT HILL PLANTATION

 Middleburg, Vance County, North Carolina
(formerly part of Warren Co.)

(click photo for larger image)

PLANTATION NAME: PLEASANT HILL, a.k.a. RIVENOAK, or HAWKINS HOUSE
ASSOCIATED LINK(s): Pleasant Hill Plantation in Ridgeway
ORIGINAL OWNER: Philemon Hawkins (1752-1833)
BUILT: probably in the 1770's
ASSOCIATED SURNAMES: Hawkins
HISTORY:

 Pleasant Hill, of Warren County, North Carolina, also known as Rivenoak, was built for Philemon Hawkins Jr., also known as the third, (1752-1833) and his wife, Lucy Davis (1759-1807), who were married on August 31, 1775. Philemon had served in the Revolutionary War and settled down in Warren County to raise a family on lands inherited from his father, Philemon Hawkins (1717-1801), who also left large tracts of land to his children and grandchildren upon his death.  Philemon Sr. had come to NC around 1736 to what was then old Edgecombe County, later to become Granville County, with his mother, Ann Eleanor Howard Hawkins (1694-1742) and his step-father. Ann had been the widow of Philemon Hawkins (1690-1725) who had died in Charles City County, Virginia, whom she had married in England in 1714, with both of them emigrating to Virginia shortly after their marriage. After settling in North Carolina along Six Pound Creek, Philemon Hawkins Sr. married Delia Martin (1721-1794) in 1743, and together they raised 7 children: Delia, John, Philemon, Benjamin, Frances, Joseph, and Anne Hawkins. The area of North Carolina where the Hawkins settled later became Bute County, which became Warren County in 1779. Still later, the part of Warren County that Pleasant Hill stands on went to Vance County when that County was formed in 1881. The Hawkins families were prosperous planters, who also had many businesses including sawmills, banking, machinery and phosphate manufacturing, as well as the fact that they held many offices in the State and Federal government, and indeed, one of Philemon and Lucy’s sons, William Hawkins (1777-1819), served as Governor for the State of North Carolina from 1811-1814.  Pleasant Hill stayed in the Hawkins family until 1853, when it was sold to John Clark of New Bern, NC. Clark did some renovations, and then sold the property to James Robinson Carroll in 1856. It was the Carroll Family who renamed the house, Rivenoak.

This plantation is not to be confused with another one in Ridgeway, Warren County, also called Pleasant Hill.   That plantation was built in 1790 by Col. Benjamin Hawkins(1754-1818), who was also a son of Philemon Hawkins & Delia Martin.

 

SLAVE POPULATION: An Inventory of the property of Colo. PHIL HAWKINS SEN'R, Deceased. Recorded Aug 26, 1802:

JACK, freed by the will
MOLLY
HANNAH
PETER, Roanoke
DOLLY
BOB
PATT
HARRY
MOLLY
EVE
JOHN
AARON
BILLY
AMY
BETTY
SILVY
DAVID
ARTHUR
[LITTLE BOB now in possession of Joseph Hawkins, this whole line crossed out]
PATT
MARY
RODY
LITTLE JACK
PHILLIS
BETTY
FRANK
PHILLIS
CHARLES
AILCY
HOPEWELL
NED
BETTY
MOSES
KITTY
JANE
LAD
DILLY
GLOSTER
ROBIN
PETER, newborn
PETER, Smith
SUCK
BILLY
LITTLE DOLL
ANNY
GEORGE
WOODLY
LITTLE MOSES now in the possession of John Hawkins Sen'r
NANCY
FANNY
MATTHEW freed by the will

==============================================
Slaves at Sandy Creek:

JAMES
LUCE
LANNON
HARRY
WASHINGTON
GABRIEL
ELENDER
OLD JOSEPH
RITTER
TOM
LUCY
YOUNG JOSEPH
PHIL
BEN
AMY
MILLY
FRANCES
PENNY
ANDERSON
SANDY
DORCAS, SALL, RACHAEL & LEWIS now in the hands of COL. JOHN HAWKINS.
SAMPSON

In the Inventory above aluded to there was a Negro by the name of Little Bob whose name was erased it ought to be reinstated and which I shall give in another inventory for the possession of Jos. Hawkins.

Phil Hawkins one of the Executors of Phil Hawkins dec'd, came into Court and for an Inventory of the Estate of the Testator which came to his hands before Feb. 7, Warren Court last he refers to an Inventory of said Estate by him then returned as Administrator pendente lite.
Phil Hawks Extr
Aug 26th 1802

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Slaves left by PHILEMON HAWKINS SR. in his 1801 will.

To son JOHN HAWKINS:
FRANK
SUKEY and child, WOODLEY
LITTLE MOSES

To son PHILEMON HAWKINS:
JOE the miller, his wife RHETTA, and their children.

To grandson JOHN D. HAWKINS:
two boys named HOPEWELL and BUD

To LUCY, wife of son PHILEMON:
two girls named SAL & RACHELL (children of DORCAS).

To granddaughter PRISCILLA COTTON:
a Slave girl between ages 12 – 15.

Slaves to be left at Plantation, supported at expense of HAWKINS three sons:
HANNAH
JIM
DOLL
ROBIN
MOLL
NANSEY
LUCY

Emancipation of slaves OLD HARRY, and OLD JACK.
Emancipation of slaves MATTHEW and AMY; MATTHEW also to be given 250 acres of land, plus sundry supplies.

(Note by DW: Matthew & Amy were freed in Warren Co. Court Session, Nov. 1800, on Nov. 24, 1800; They were given the names of Matthew Hawkins [1783-1855] & Amy Honesty, who was probably his mother.  Matthew became a fairly prosperous farmer, with a sizeable estate, which upon his death, was divided between his widow, Mahaly Mushaw-Hawkins[1783-1862]; 2 surviving children, Woodley & Nancy; and his 4 grandchildren, from his deceased daughter Amy [1815-1845],  Thomas, Elizabeth, Hawkins W., & Matthew Carter. See further info: Matthew Hawkins in My NC Roots)

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PHILEMON HAWKINS JR. died in 1833 and left the following in his will.

To daughter ELINOR HAYWOOD:
BEN, his daughter FRANKY, and her child JINNY.
ANDERSON
LITTLE SAM
OLD SAM, his wife EDY
BIG PHIL, his wife LOUISA, child NUTTY

Slaves to daughter ANN LITTLE:
MASHONI
SAM,his wife LID
DILLILAH, her children SINTHY & STEPHEN
TANGO
KISSEY
LILLIE, her daughter NANCY

Slaves to daughter DILLEA HAYWOOD:
NED
DILSEY, her sons JOHN & TOM
LITTLE MARY
HARDY
LITTLE PHIL, wife LOTTY
SARAH (BEN's daughter)

Slaves to daughter SARAH POLK:
PUNCH, wife MARY, their children EVELINE & WASHINGTON
JERUSHEE, child AGGY
PRISLEY
MORRY
ABBY
SARAH (EDY’s daughter)

Slaves to son JOHN D. HAWKINS:
JESSE, wife PENNY, their daughter BETTY
OLD GLOSTER
AMBROUS, wife RODY
HARRIETT
MOSES
DERRY, wife LIDDY

Slaves to son JOSEPH W. HAWKINS:
JAMES, wife EDY, their 2 youngest children, LITTLE MATTHEW & JUDY
BURTON
JOE
MATTHEW (brother to PENNY)
Smith PETER
Wagoner HARRY


Slaves to son JOHN D. HAWKINS in trust for son BENJAMIN T. HAWKINS:
GEOREM(probably should be GEORGE), wife MILLEY, their 2 youngest children AMEY & DICEY
DEMSEY
SANDY
LITTLE GLOSTER
LUCY, her grandchild LUCY


Slaves to granddaughter EMILY NUTALL (daughter of son WILLIAM HAWKINS):
TILDA (daughter of JESSE)


Slaves to granddaughter LUCY COLEMAN (daughter of son WILLIAM):
MARTHA daughter of JAMES)


Slaves to granddaughter MATILDA (daughter of son WILLIAM):
PHILLIS (daughter of JAMES)


Slaves to granddaughter CELESTIA (daughter of son WILLIAM):
PINNY (daughter of JESSE)


Slaves to granddaughter MARY JEANE(daughter of son WILLIAM):
LUCINDA (daughter of SILLER)


Slaves to granddaughter HENRIETTA (daughter of son WILLIAM):
LIDDY (daughter of MILLEY)

To be freed, but since the law does not allow, 2 sons to help set them up in trade:
ANTHONY
WILLIS

*************************

 

JOHN HAWKINS (1745-1803)the son of PHILEMON HAWKINS SR.(d.1801) left the following slaves in his will-

To daughter ANN HUNT FULLER MARSHALL:
BETTY (daughter of BETTY)

To son BENJAMIN HAWKINS:
SAMSON

To daughter DELLY MARTIN GREEN:
SUCKEY, her child BETTY
AMEY (daughter of MOLLY)

To son JOSEPH HAWKINS:
CADWALLADER (son of BETTY)

To wife SALLY MACON HAWKINS:
EPHRUM
EALER
BETTY(bought from HENRY MACON),and her children HIXEY & HARRY
Blacksmith JACOB & PATTY LANE, to be later given to son JOHN H. HAWKINS

 

JOHN HAWKINS, dec'd, 1803; Division of Slaves in Warren Co, NC, Feb Court 1806:
To JOHN H. HAWKINS:
GEORGE
DOLL
JOHN
NELSON
SARAH
BENNETT
PETER
TOM
NEWBERN
TOM
BETTY
MOSES
GEORGE SEN'R
FORTUNE

To MICAJAH T. HAWKINS:
MINGO
PHILLIS
GABRIEL
CHARLES
KATE
DICK
FANNY
CAROLINE
WILL
EMANUEL
MONDAY
HITTNAN


 

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Will & Estate of JOSEPH H. HAWKINS (bef 1788-1827) son of JOHN HAWKINS (1745-1803)& SARAH MACON:

Ordered Executors to Sell following Slaves:
FANNY
PHILLIS
OLIVE
HANNAH
the two SYLVEYs,
PHOEBE
HARRY the Smith
RACHEL
 

---------------------------------------------
To son JOSEPH HAWKINS:
CAD, and his wife MOURNING & her child, EMELINE
To daughter MARY HELEN HAWKINS a yellow girl called CAROLINE
To daughter MARTHA HARDY HAWKINS a girl called MELISSA daughter of OLIVE
To daughter SALLEY MACON HAWKINS, a girl called CHERRY, daughter of DILLER
To daughter ELIZABETH MATILDA HAWKINS, a girl called HENRIETTA daughter of ADALINE
woman CLARINDA, to be shared to wait on all of the unmarried girls in the family

JOSEPH HAWKINS, Warren County Estate 1829
Division of Slaves, Feb Session 1834.
Alotted to SAMUEL A. WILLIAMS and his wife SALLY M. who was SALLY M. HAWKINS:
WATSON
LIZZY
WESLEY
ISAAC
MARLAW
ZADOCK
MINDER
CHINA
ZENA
STIRLING
SHADRACK
SIMON
BEN MACK
SAM
WADSWORTH
TOM broken thigh
FED
CAROLINE COOK
WILLIAM
MARTHENA
AUSTIN
HALL
EDMUND
OLD WINNY

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To AUGUSTUS ALSTON and his wife MARY HELLEN formerly MARY H. HAWKINS:
JESSE
CLARY
ANDERSON
JOHN
DOCTOR
PENNY
LILA
WHITMEL
WOODLEY
DELHA
MATTHEW
MUNRO
LEWIS JACKSON
BETTY
MARIA
CLINTON
HARRY
WARREN
SILAS
MATILDA
BETSY & her child DRURY and infant child

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To ARTHUR MACON and his wife MARTHA HARDY formerly MARTHA H. HAWKINS:
SIMON
CAROLINE THOMAS & her child MARY HELLEN
MANUEL
JERRY
DILSY
ALFRED
NANCY EATON and her child MELINA
PARTHENIA
PLUMMER
PETER
SARAH TURNER
DANIEL
PHILL, blacksmith
ESOP
BILLY
BOSON
BETTY (TURNER)
BOB (Old)
IREDELL
BURWELL

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To the other three children of Col. JOSEPH HAWKINS, the balance of the Slaves held in common:

LINUS
CALLOWAY & Child MARTHA ANN
PEGGY
CRAWFORD
YOUNG LIMEN
WADSWORTH
LUCINDA
ZADOCK
MINDER & Child STARLING
ROSINA
CHINA
ALBERT
SAM
WILLIAM
REDDICK
BEN MACK
WINNY
EMILY
SIMON Jun'r
JOHN
MOLLY & Child MARTHA HELLEN
LAFAYETTE
ANN ELIZA
ELLICK
JACKSON
WATSON
LIZZIE & Child WESLEY
STEPHEN McLEMORE
HARRIET
POLLY HARDY
 
WASHINGTON (GEORGE)
FAULCON
FED
MARTHENA
MADISON
NED
MIRANDA
ADELINE & Child LILA
BETTY
BURTON
HAYWOOD
CHARLES
EATON
BEN HARDY
MARIA JOHNSTON & her child ANN ELIZA
CHINA
EVERIDGE
NANCY TUNSTALL
STEPHEN
WASHINGTON (FINNY)
WILLIS JOHNSTON
HALL
EDMUND
TOM
CAROLINE COOK
BOB TUNSTALL
AUSTIN
Old WINNY
Old BETTY
 
See further distribution of Slaves, Will and Estate of Joseph Hawkins,1827
 
RESEARCH NOTES:

Philemon Hawkins Family Bible, 1 & 2 ; The Hawkins Family Papers 1738-1895
MISCELLANEOUS: National Register of Historic Places; Carnegie Survey of the Architecture of the South, Library of Congress ; Descendants of Philemon Hawkins website; Will of Philemon Hawkins, 1801; Estate of Philemon Hawkins Sr.,Warren Co.1802; Will of Philemon Hawkins Jr., 1833; Will & Estate of John Hawkins, 1803, Warren Co. WB12, Pg.106; Will & Estate of Joseph Hawkins-1827

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