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1920 Hyde Co., North Carolina Census
On January 2, 1920, at 9:00 a.m., the Bureau of the Census began taking the 14th decennial census of the United States. The Department of Agriculture had requested that the date be changed from the traditional spring/early summer dates to January. The department argued that harvests would be completed and information about the harvests would be fresh in farmers' minds, and more people would be at home in January than in April.
The format and information in the 1920 census schedules closely resemble that of the 1910 census. The 1920 census, however, did not ask about unemployment on the day of the census, nor did it ask about service in the Union or Confederate army or navy. Questions about the number of children born and how long a couple had been married were also omitted. The bureau modified the enumeration of inmates of institutions and dependent, defective, and delinquent classes. The 1920 census included four new questions: one asking the year of naturalization and three about mother tongue.
Because of the changes in some boundaries following World War I, enumerators were instructed to report the province (state or region) or city of persons declaring they or their parents had been born in Austria-Hungary, Germany, Russia, or Turkey. If a person had been born in any other foreign country, only the name of the country was to be entered.
The instructions to the enumerators did not require that individuals spell out their names. Enumerators wrote down the information given to them; they were not authorized to request proof of age, date of arrival, or other information. People were known to change their ages between censuses, and some people claimed not to know their age. The race determination was based on the enumerator's impressions.
Individuals were enumerated as residents of the place in which they regularly slept, not where they worked or might be visiting. People with no regular residence, including "floaters" and members of transient railroad or construction camps, were enumerated as residents of the place where they were when the enumeration was taken. Enumerators were also to ask if any family members were temporarily absent; if so, these were to be listed either with the household or on the last schedule for the census subdivision. The answers that appear on the microfilmed schedules depend upon what the enumerator recorded and what the people interviewed told the enumerator.
In 1920 each household is entered on a sheet showing the name of the township, name of the incorporated place (if any) and city ward (if any). For households in urban areas, the street and number are given. For each person listed the entry shows the following items. For this census I only used those questions highlighted in red. For the most part the handwriting was excellent in all 6 districts so I had very little trouble deciphering names or ages, however, there could be errors present. If you see something that is blatantly wrong please bring it to my attention by dropping me a note by e-mail.
- Street, avenue, road, etc. (if written on the census)
- Number of dwelling house in order of visitation
- Number of family in order of visitation
- Name (name of each person whose place of abode on January 1, 1920 was in this family)
- Relationship of this person to the head of the family
- Home owned or rented (if owned was it free or mortgaged
- Color or race (W=white, B=black; M=mulatto; I=Indian; C=Chinese; J=Japanese; F=Filipino; H=Hindu; K=Korean; O=Other)
- Age at last birthday
- Marital status (S=single; M=married; W=widowed; D=divorced
- Year of immigration into the United States
- Naturalization - A or AL=alien; NA=naturalized; NR=not reported; PA=First Papers filed (Declaration of Intent) [Although the details of the process have changed over the years, the overall naturalization process has remained a fairly stable one with two major steps: 1) the filing of a declaration of intent or "first papers," and 2) the petition for naturalization or "second papers" or "final papers." For the most part, an immigrant could file first papers after having lived in the U.S. for two years and for second papers after having lived here for five years. It's important to know that immigrants weren't required to become citizens, so many were never naturalized. Also, some began the process, but never completed it. And from 1790 to 1922, a wife was automatically granted citizenship when her husband was naturalized, so women rarely appear in naturalization records prior to 1922 (although they may be mentioned in their husband's files after 1903).]
- Attended school any time since Sept. 1, 1919
- Whether able to read or write
- Place of birth of person
- Place of birth of person's father
- Place of birth of person's mother
- Occupation: Trade, profession, or type of work done, such as spinner, salesman, laborer, etc.
- Employed in what industry or business, such as cotton mill, dry goods store, farm, etc.
- Whether employer, salary or wage worker, or working on own account
There were 6 Enumeration Districts in the 1920 Hyde County Census
Dist. 18 - Currituck Twp. - page 192A thru 213B
Dist. 19 - Fairfield Twp. - page 214A thru 225A (page 225B was blank)
Dist. 20 - Lake Landing Twp. (Lake Landing Voting Dist.) - page 226A thru 245A (page 245B was blank)
Dist. 21 - Lake Landing Twp. (Engelhard Voting Dist.) - page 246A thru 259A (page 259B was blank)
Dist. 22- Ocracoke Twp. - page 260A thru 265B
Dist. 23 - Swan Quarter Twp. - page 266A thru 279B (page 269B & 274B were blank)
Below is a table with links to each page in the 1920 census. I developed a small index (not full name) so it would be easier for you to find the surnames of interest. Just look on the index below, find the surname you are interested in, then click on the corresponding link to that particular page. REMEMBER - there may be more than one instance of a surname on a page.
Links to Census Pages
Dist. #18 - Currituck Twp.
Dist. #19 - Fairfield Twp.
Dist. #20 - Lake Landing Twp. (Part of Lake Landing Voting District)
Dist. #21 - Lake Landing Twp. (Engelhard Voting District)
Dist. #22 - Ocracoke Twp.
Dist. #23 - Swan Quarter Town
[unreadable] - 232A, 240B
Ba____? - 237B
Caffee - 237A
- 193B, 203A, 241A
F_____? - 227A
Gardner - 241A
Ha____? - 242B
Jackson - 260A, 260B,
Laughlin - 196B
McCall - 224B
Neal - 221B, 250B, 251B, 253A, 253B, 256A, 258B,
Oats - 204A
Park - 193A, 201A
Raborne/Rabourne - 192A, 196A
- 193B, 194A, 208A, 210B, 217A, 229A, 231A, 233B, 236B, 242B, 244A, 249A,
251A, 270B, 271A, 278A
Taylor - 193A, 194A, 212B,
Usher - 224B
- 209B, 210B, 213B, 264A
TIP: Don't forget that you can find any word on a current web page you're viewing by pressing CTRL+F. In the little pop-up box simply type the word to look for and press ENTER.
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