Halifax County Citizens in the Civil War and Links to Civil War Material





Following are some residents of Halifax County who fought in the Civil War. Read about them and some of the history surrounding their exploits. Feel free to contact me if you have an ancestor you would like to include on this page.




A resident of Halifax Co., NC who was born in Gates County, North Carolina. He was a 22 year old Farmer at the time of his enlistment; June 12, 1861 at Halifax County, North Carolina as a Private in the Confederate Army.
A few important events that occurred during his Civil War service:
POW 5/5/1862 Williamsburg, VA - Wounded 5/5/1862 Williamsburg, VA - Exchanged 8/5/1862 Aiken's Landing, VA - Returned 9/23/1862 (place not stated) - POW 7/1/1863 Gettysburg, PA - Wounded 7/1/1863 Gettysburg, PA - Confined 7/4/1863 Fort McHenry, MD - Transferred 7/7/1863 Fort Delaware, DE - Transferred 7/18/1863 Johnson's Island, OH - Transferred 3/14/1865 Point Lookout, MD - Exchanged 3/22/1865 Cox's Landing, James River, VA
Private Simeon Joseph Roundtree was promoted to the rank of Corporal on March 30, 1862, obtained 1st Sergeant on September 23, 1862 and then became a 2nd Lieutenant on February 1, 1863.







Junius Daniel, from Halifax County, served as colonel of the Fourteenth Regiment North Carolina Troops (Fourth Regiment North Carolina Volunteers). Promoted to brigadier general in September 1862, Daniel fought with distinction at Gettysburg in 1863 and at the Wilderness in early May 1864. He was mortally wounded at Spotsylvania Courthouse on the morning of May 12, 1864, and died the following day.

(Biography from North Carolina Museum of History: North Carolina and the Civil War)
Click below to visit Virtual Gettysburg for monument to Daniel's Brigade:


Junius Daniel, was born in Halifax County, N.C., June 27, 1828; son of John Reeve Jones Daniel. He was graduated from the U.S. military academy in 1851 and served on garrison duty in Kentucky and Missouri, 1851-52; and on frontier duty and scouting in New Mexico, 1853-56. He was promoted first lieutenant May 31, 1857, and was on sick leave of absence, 1856-58. He resigned from the army Jan. 14, 1858, and became a planter in Shreveport, La. In 1861 he joined the Confederate army as colonel and was the organizer and commander of several brigades. He was promoted brigadier-general Sept. 2, 1862, and was placed in command of five battalions of North Carolina troops operating on the James river. In May, 1863, he was transferred to General Lee's army and fought at Gettysburg, Wilderness and Spottsylvania. On May 12, 1864, he was wounded at the "bloody angle" in the battle of Spottsylvania, Va., and died May 13, 1864.
(The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans)








Thomas P. Devereux



Thomas P. Devereux, an eighteen-year-old from Halifax County, left the Virginia Military Institute over the objections of his father and joined the army as a courier in January 1864. He was standing with General Junius Daniel when the general was mortally wounded at Spotsylvania Courthouse. Devereux was then assigned as General Bryan Grimes's courier and served until the end of the war.

(Biography from North Carolina Museum of History: North Carolina and the Civil War)

See Also: A Letter Home, a presentation about Thomas P. Devereux







Halifax Civil War Union Soldier

George Morton a resident of Halifax Co., NC was 33 years of age when he enlisted in MA on June 16, 1864 as a Private for the Union Army and he survived the Civil War.









Peter E. Smith of Halifax Co., NC donated the land for a navy yard at Edwards Ferry near Scotland Neck where he helped to build the Confederate ironclad ship "C.S.S. Ram Albemarle". The Ram Albemarle saw intense battle during her brief seven month lifetime and was inordinately successful in battle. She remains a tribute to North Carolinians who built and navigated her!



The Nation’s Highest Military Award – The Medal of Honor - The Bravest of the Brave - Civil War Recipients of The Medal of Honor ~ GEORGE, DANIEL G. ~ “Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy. (Real name is William Smith. ) Born: 1840, Plaistow, N.H. Accredited to: New Hampshire. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864. Citation: George served on board U.S. Picket Boat No. 1, in action 27 October 1864, against the Confederate ram, Albemarle, which had resisted repeated attacks by our steamers and had kept a large force of vessels employed in watching her. The picket boat, equipped with a spar torpedo, succeeded in passing the enemy pickets within 20 yards without being discovered and then made for the Albemarle under a full head of steam. Immediately taken under fire by the ram, the small boat plunged on, jumped the log boom which encircled the target and exploded its torpedo under the port bow of the ram. The picket boat was destroyed by enemy fire and almost the entire crew taken prisoner or lost.”





Lawrence O'Brien Branch, soldier, was born in Halifax County, N. C., July 7, 1820, son of John Branch, secretary of the navy. He was graduated from Princeton college in 1838. He was admitted to the North Carolina bar, and opened an office at Raleigh, whence he was elected in 1854 a representative in the 34th Congress by the Democrats. He was twice re-elected, his last term of office ending March 3, 1861. When North-Carolina seceded in May, 1861, he joined the Confederate army, and was promoted brigadier-general.
When Newbern was taken by General Burnside, General Branch was commanding officer. He then opposed the advance of the Federal troops into North Carolina and afterwards joined the army of Northern Virginia under General Lee. He was killed at the battle of Antietam, Sept. 17, 1862.









William Ruffin Cox, representative, was born in Halifax county, N.C., March 11, 1832; son of Thomas and Olivia (Norfleet) Cox. His ancestors were English and Scotch-Irish and settled in America early in the eighteenth century. His father died in 1836 and his mother removed to Nashville, Tenn., where he was graduated in letters at Franklin college in 1851 and in law at the famous school at Lebanon, Tenn., in 1853. He was admitted to the bar in 1853 and practised in Nashville, 1853-57. He returned to North Carolina in 1857 and engaged in agriculture in Edgecombe county. In 1859 he removed to
Raleigh, N.C., and was an unsuccessful candidate on the Democratic ticket for representative in the state legislature, being defeated by thirteen votes. In 1861 he was commissioned by Governor Ellis major of the 2d regiment North Carolina state troops, commanded by Col. C.C. Tew. When Colonel Tew was killed at Sharpsburg, Lieut.-Col. W. P. Bynum was promoted colonel, and Major Cox lieutenant-colonel, and on the resignation of Colonel Bynum, Cox became [p.8] colonel, being commissioned in March, 1863. He was wounded three times during the battle of Chancellorsville, May 3, 1863, and was officially commended in the report of General Ramseur for his chivalry and for remaining with his command till he was exhausted. He joined his regiment in 1864 after their return from Pennsylvania and took part in the battles of the Wilderness and Spottsylvania. In the battle of May 12, 1864, he was again in Ramseur's brigade and for his part in the battle received the thanks of Generals Lee and Ewell on the field. After this battle he was promoted to the command of the brigade composed of the 1st, 2d, 3d, 4th, 14th and 30th N.C. regiments, notwithstanding the fact that he was junior colonel. After the battle of Cold Harbor he was detailed to the relief of Lynchburg, serving in Early's corps and was with that general in the Maryland expedition in the battle of Monocacy and in the Shenandoah campaign of the fall of 1864. He then joined the army of northern Virginia before Petersburg and was with Gordon's corps in the attempt to break the Federal lines at Fort Steadman. He led the division to the last charge at Appomattox and with his brigade was covering the retreat when he was called to the rear. In executing this maneuver his brigade faced about with the steadiness of veterans on parade and poured so Sudden and deadly a volley into the ranks of the overwhelming numbers of Federals pressing the retreat, as temporarily to check their attempt to capture the command. He received eleven wounds during his service in the Confederate army and after the surrender resumed the practice of law in Raleigh, N.C. He was president of the Chatham Coalfield railroad; solicitor of the Raleigh district for six years; chairman of the Democratic state executive committee for five years; a delegate for the state at large to the Democratic national convention of 1876; circuit judge of the 6th judicial district of North Carolina, 1877-80; representative in the 47th, 48th and 49th congresses, 1881-87, and secretary of the United States senate as successor to Gen. Anson G. McCook, serving in the 53d and succeeding congresses. He was married in 1857 to a daughter of James S. Battle of Edgecombe county, and after her death in 1880 he was married to Fannie A., daughter of the Rt. Rev. T. B. Lyman of Raleigh, N.C.

(From "History of Halifax County")






The Weldon Train Station was the junction for four busy railroads during its most demanding days. The Petersburg Railroad came to Weldon in 1832, followed by the Portsmouth & Roanoke, Raleigh & Gaston and the Wilmington & Weldon which was completed in 1840 and considered the longest in the world, with 161 miles of standard gauge track. The Wilmington & Weldon line became known as the Atlantic Mail Route and during the Civil War proved to be an invaluable transportation asset for Confederate troops and supplies.



African American family travelling through Union lines



African American Workers during Civil War




Civil War Navy Recruiting Poster


(Photos thanks to the North Carolina Digital Collections)




On this site:

Native Americans in the Civil War

Halifax County Confederate Army Enlistments
Indexed with list of the 926 county residents who enlisted in the Confederate Army


List of Soldiers in the Confederate Burying Grounds, Weldon, NC

Halifax County U. S. Colored Troops



On other Websites:

North Carolina in the Civil War and Reconstruction

History of the Confederacy in North Carolina

The Civil War in North Carolina-List of Soldiers

Project MUSE: Civil War History

U.S. Colored Troops Formed in North Carolina

History of African Americans in The Civil War

NARA: Black Soldiers in The Civil War

Library of Congress: Photos of African Americans During the Civil War

Colored Troops in the American Civil War

Native Americans in the Civil War

Native Americans and the Civil War from HistoryCentral

Cherokee Indians and the American Civil War







County Coordinators: Deloris Williams and Rebecca Dozier



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