THE CIVIL WAR PAGE
Halifax County Citizens in the Civil War and Links to Civil War Material
HALIFAX COUNTY IN THE CIVIL WAR
Following are some residents of Halifax County who fought in the Civil War. Read about them and some of the history surrounding their exploits. Feel free to contact me if you have an ancestor you would like to include on this page.
SIMEON JOSEPH ROUNDTREE
A resident of Halifax Co., NC who was
born in Gates County, North Carolina. He was a 22 year old Farmer at the time of his enlistment; June 12, 1861 at Halifax County, North Carolina as a
Private in the Confederate Army.
Junius Daniel, from Halifax County, served as colonel of the Fourteenth Regiment North Carolina Troops (Fourth Regiment North Carolina Volunteers). Promoted to brigadier general in September 1862, Daniel fought with distinction at Gettysburg in 1863 and at the Wilderness in early May 1864. He was mortally wounded at Spotsylvania Courthouse on the morning of May 12, 1864, and died the following day.
(Biography from North
Carolina Museum of History: North Carolina and the
Junius Daniel, was born in Halifax County, N.C., June 27, 1828; son of John Reeve Jones Daniel. He was graduated from the U.S.
military academy in 1851 and served on garrison duty in Kentucky and Missouri, 1851-52; and on frontier duty and scouting in New Mexico, 1853-56. He was
promoted first lieutenant May 31, 1857, and was on sick leave of absence, 1856-58. He resigned from the army Jan. 14, 1858, and became a planter in
Shreveport, La. In 1861 he joined the Confederate army as colonel and was the organizer and commander of several brigades. He was promoted
brigadier-general Sept. 2, 1862, and was placed in command of five battalions of North Carolina troops operating on the James river. In May, 1863, he
was transferred to General Lee's army and fought at Gettysburg, Wilderness and Spottsylvania. On May 12, 1864, he was wounded at the "bloody angle" in
the battle of Spottsylvania, Va., and died May 13, 1864.
Thomas P. Devereux
Thomas P. Devereux, an eighteen-year-old from Halifax County, left the Virginia Military Institute over the objections of his father and joined the army as a courier in January 1864. He was standing with General Junius Daniel when the general was mortally wounded at Spotsylvania Courthouse. Devereux was then assigned as General Bryan Grimes's courier and served until the end of the war.
(Biography from North Carolina Museum of History: North Carolina and the Civil War)
See Also: A Letter Home, a presentation about Thomas P. Devereux
Halifax Civil War Union Soldier
George Morton a resident of Halifax Co., NC was 33 years of age when he enlisted in MA on June 16, 1864 as a Private for the Union Army and he survived the
The "C.S.S. RAM ALBEMARLE"
Peter E. Smith of Halifax Co., NC donated the land for a navy yard at Edwards Ferry near Scotland Neck where he helped to build the
Confederate ironclad ship "C.S.S. Ram Albemarle". The Ram Albemarle saw intense battle during her brief seven month lifetime and was inordinately successful
in battle. She remains a tribute to North Carolinians who built and navigated her!
The Nation’s Highest Military Award – The Medal of Honor - The Bravest of the Brave - Civil War Recipients of
The Medal of Honor ~ GEORGE, DANIEL G. ~ “Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy. (Real name is William Smith. ) Born: 1840, Plaistow, N.H.
Accredited to: New Hampshire. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864. Citation: George served on board U.S. Picket Boat No. 1, in action 27 October 1864,
against the Confederate ram, Albemarle, which had resisted repeated attacks by our steamers and had kept a large force of vessels employed in watching
her. The picket boat, equipped with a spar torpedo, succeeded in passing the enemy pickets within 20 yards without being discovered and then made for
the Albemarle under a full head of steam. Immediately taken under fire by the ram, the small boat plunged on, jumped the log boom which encircled the
target and exploded its torpedo under the port bow of the ram. The picket boat was destroyed by enemy fire and almost the entire crew taken prisoner or
LAWRENCE O'BRIEN BRANCH
O'Brien Branch, soldier, was born in Halifax County, N. C., July 7, 1820, son of John Branch, secretary of the navy. He was graduated from Princeton college
in 1838. He was admitted to the North Carolina bar, and opened an office at Raleigh, whence he was elected in 1854 a representative in the 34th Congress by
the Democrats. He was twice re-elected, his last term of office ending March 3, 1861. When North-Carolina seceded in May, 1861, he joined the Confederate
army, and was promoted brigadier-general.
WILLIAM RUFFIN COX
William Ruffin Cox,
representative, was born in Halifax county, N.C., March 11, 1832; son of Thomas and Olivia (Norfleet) Cox. His ancestors were English and Scotch-Irish and
settled in America early in the eighteenth century. His father died in 1836 and his mother removed to Nashville, Tenn., where he was graduated in letters at
Franklin college in 1851 and in law at the famous school at Lebanon, Tenn., in 1853. He was admitted to the bar in 1853 and practised in Nashville, 1853-57.
He returned to North Carolina in 1857 and engaged in agriculture in Edgecombe county. In 1859 he removed to
(From "History of Halifax County")
WELDON TRAIN STATION
The Weldon Train Station was the
junction for four busy railroads during its most demanding days. The Petersburg Railroad came to Weldon in 1832, followed by the Portsmouth & Roanoke,
Raleigh & Gaston and the Wilmington & Weldon which was completed in 1840 and considered the longest in the world, with 161 miles of standard gauge
track. The Wilmington & Weldon line became known as the Atlantic Mail Route and during the Civil War proved to be an invaluable transportation asset for
Confederate troops and supplies.
African American family travelling through Union lines
African American Workers during Civil War
Civil War Navy Recruiting Poster
(Photos thanks to the North Carolina Digital Collections)
On this site:
Halifax County Confederate Army Enlistments
On other Websites:
County Coordinators: Deloris Williams and Rebecca Dozier
©2010 to the present by Deloris Williams, the NCGenWeb Project, Inc., and/or individual contributors. No portion of this or any document appearing on this site is to be used for other than personal research. Any republication or reposting is expressly forbidden without the written consent of the owner. Please note: We make every attempt to obtain permission from the owner before posting any copyrighted material. However, it is always possible that we may get submissions which are posted without proper attribution. Please let us know if you assert ownership of any materials found here and we will either give proper attribution or remove it promptly according to your wishes. Last updated 03/01/2013