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STAGVILLE PLANTATION

Durham County, North Carolina

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PLANTATION NAME: STAGVILLE PLANTATON
ASSOCIATED LINK(s): Historic Stagville, Fairntosh Plantation
ORIGINAL OWNER: Richard Bennehan (1743-1825); now owned by State of North Carolina
BUILT: 1787, with large addition in 1799
ASSOCIATED SURNAMES: Bennehan, Cameron
HISTORY:

Located in eastern Orange County (now Durham County), initially belonged to Virginia-born merchant Richard Bennehan (1743-1825). Bennehan came to North Carolina in 1768 to manage a store on Little River owned by Scottish merchant William Johnston. He began to purchase plantation lands near the Johnston store in 1776, and in the same year he married Mary Amis, a member of a planter family from Northampton County. In 1787 Bennehan bought the core of what would become Stagville Plantation from the widow Judith Stagg. She and her husband Thomas had operated a tavern at the site, which was probably even then known as "Stagville." Bennehan built a new store and dwelling on the Stagg tract, where he and Mary raised two children, Rebecca and Thomas. At the end of the eighteenth century, Bennehan ranked among the area's most successful planters, owning 3,914 acres and 42 slaves of working age. Rebecca Bennehan married Duncan Cameron, a lawyer and planter who was to play a leading role in the state's judicial, political, and banking affairs. Duncan and Rebecca were to make their home at Fairntosh Plantation, one mile south of the Bennehan house at Stagville. Thomas Bennehan never married, however, and upon his death in 1847 Stagville passed to the Cameron family.  The entire complex was owned by the Bennehan and Cameron families; it comprised roughly 30,000 acres and was home to almost 900 enslaved African-Americans in 1860. The remains of Historic Stagville consist of 71 acres in three tracts. Among structures on the Stagville site are several historic houses and barns, including the original Bennehan House and some of the original slave quarters, which were in an area known as Horton Grove. Some of the acreage from the original estate were donated to the State of North Carolina in 1976, by Liggett and Meyers Tobacco Company, which had owned and worked the land for decades. The State now operates the property as Historic Stagville.  

Read: Stagville on NCPedia; A Brief History of Stagville Plantation

 

SLAVE POPULATION:

900 Slaves in 1860.  Following are a List of about 266 Slaves on the Cameron Plantations in an 1844 Shoe List, which were recorded to show the number of pairs of shoes that were made for the Slaves.  They are listed according to which location they were working on. Also, following the Shoe List, is a List of Children born to Slaves from 1834 through 1841.

 

HOUSE:
1. Mace
2. Luke
3. Jeff
4. Dryden
5. Calvin
6. Ned
7. George W
8. Solomon
9. Squire
10. Demps
11. Amy
12. Phil
13. Emma
14. Dave
15. Abner Jr
16. Lydia
17. Ben Jr
18. John Sr
19. Sun
20. Carolina
21. Simeon
22. Stanley
23. Sarah
24. Nancy
25. Dorea
26. George B.
27. Henry C
28. Nathan
29. Zelpha
30. Peggy
31. Phebe
32. Henry D
33. Abner
34. Horace
35. Jim
36. Rilla
37. Old Easter
38. Old Dave
39. Walter
40. John
41. Emaline
42. Adam
43. Nancy
44. Owen
45. Ben
46. Peter
47. Silvia
48. Henry Sr

 

ENOC:
1. Jim D
2. Ezach
3. Cyrus
4. Gracy
5. Candis
6. Molly Jr
7. Nelly
8. Thena
9. Phips [?]
10. Daniel
11. Jefferson
12. Phil
13. Jinny Jr
14. Jenny Sr
15. Christana
16. Beck
17. Lem Sr
18. Isaac
19. Anderson
20. Grace Jr
21. Manuel
22. George
23. Wilie
24. Jurdon
25. Amy
26. Molly
27. Judy
28. Mariah
29. Lem Jr
30. Gabriel
31. Ned
32. Lucy
33. Kinch

 

MILL:
1. Cyrus
2. Lucy
3. Hannah
4. Henry

S. HILL:
1. Mikel
2. Bill Sr
3. Pomp
4. Fed
5. Big Bill
6. Bob
7. Stephen Sr
8. Lot
9. Letha
10. Beck
11. Eliza
12. Frank
13. Walter
14. Stephen
15. Will
16. Henry
17. Jack
18. Phil
19. Vilet
20. Sam
21. Kit
22. Moses
23. Mose
24. Hawkins
25. Lucy
26. Jack
27. Mary S
28. Mary J
29. Mary H
30. Chaney
31. Charlot
32. Silva
33. Sall
34. Rachel
35. Allen
 
BOBBIT:
1. George
2. Sam S. H.
3. Sam P
4. Loft
5. Rachel
6. Willis
7. Carter
8. Moriah
9. Romanna
10. Nan
11. Augusta
12. Jurdan
13. Lucinda
14. Arthur
15. Edward
16. Donna
17. Dinah
18. Bill
19. Harry
20. Minerva
21. Patty
22. Cephas
23. John
24. Aga
25. Pherabe
26. Olly
27. Sucky
28. Nancy
29. Louisa
B. HOUSE:
1. Elishe
2. Edmond
3. Julus
4. Lige
5. Ephram
6. Chany
7. Julia
8. Eliza
9. John
10. Humph
11. Suse
12. Harriet
13. Patsey
14. Sally
15. Daphney
16. Lucy
17. Jo S
18. Hannah
19. Polly
20. Dinah
21. Nancy
22. Old Nancy
23. Winny
24. Fanny
25. Anderson
26. Lizzy
27. Tom Jr
28. Welington
29. Joe
30. Daniel
 
JIM RAYS:
1. Green
2. Rany
3. Patsey
4. Synna
5. Nathan
6. John
7. Allen
8. Lucy
9. Austin
10. Henry Wags
11. Harrison
12. Candis
13. Nelly
14. Tom
15. Jim Green
16. Henry M
17. Bill Green
18. Hannah
19. Jim Ray
20. Charles
21. Milly
22. Moses
23. ...son [x'd over]
24. Stephen
25. John
26. Phillis
27. Sally Scott
28. Mary
29. Ritter
30. Phebbe
31. Arch
32. Eliza
33. Nancy
 
N. POINT:
1. Ellin
2. Phillis
3. Washington
4. Robbin
5. Isabel
6. Kizzy
7. Jimmy
8. Minny
9. Sely
10. Lorra
11. Mima
12. Vilet
13. George
14. Daniel
15. Abram
16. Jinny
17. Robbin
18. Matilda
19. Henry
20. Chance
21. Oliver
22. Leaston
23. Dinah
24. Sela
25. Hannah
26. Fanny
27. Old Hannah
28. Isabel

 

MILL QT:
1. William
2. Len
3. Phil
4. Chance
5. Jim
6. Ellen
7. Addeline
8. Tom
9. Randal
10. Caty
11. Wesley
12. Emily
13. Sally F
14. Daniel
15. Phillip
16. Bantan
17. Big William
18. Lucy
19. Jinny
20. Patience
21. Stretor
22. Sarah
23. Davy
24. Robbin
25. Dick
26. Henry

******************

SLAVE CHILDREN BORN AT STAGVILLE, 1834-1841:

1834
Anna Daughter of Nelly & David
Jesse Son of Mary & Ben
Philis Daughter of Silva
Danil Son of Molly & Math
Lucy Daughter of Ester & Jack


1835
Sintha Daughter of Pats & Dandridge
Juda Daughter of Elin & Ovill
Francis Daughter of Anna
Lucy Daughter of Peg & Cato


1836
Elin Daughter of Ester & Jack
Solomon Son of Bets & Joe
Pheh & Enah (???) Son & Dau of Margret & Horris
Vilet Daughter of Elin & Ovill
John Son of Mary
Frank Son of Silva
Harry Son of Molly & Math


1837
Elxa Son of Smith & Daniel
David Son of Amy & Solomon
William Son of Nat & Marth

 

1838
Anderson Son of Peg & Cat
Nelly Daughter of Mary & Ben
Annet Daughter of Pats & Dandridge
Rachel Daughter of Ester & Jack
Edney Daughter of Elin & Ovill
Freeland Son of Ann & William


1839
Duncan Cameron Son of Ben & Mary
Thomas Son of Henry & Lina
Franky Daughter of Horris & Margaret
Jane Daughter of Henry & Mima
Cannan Son of Silva


1841
Roda Daughter of Cato & Peg
Pheh Daughter of Solomon & Amy
Hibry Son of Ben & Mary

******************

 

Cameron Family Papers Collection, Southern Historical Collection # 133, Series 2.1.1 Box #88, Folder 2015, UNC-Chapel Hill; images from Learn NC website.
RESEARCH NOTES:

The Bennehans: Biograhies; The Camerons: Biographies; Richard Bennehan Biography;   Cameron Family Papers, 1757-1978 contains many portions online; The Plantation Letters, from the Cameron Family Papers 

Transcribed by D. Williams, Nov. 22, 2016

MISCELLANEOUS: Abner Jordan, Life as a Slave; Abner Jordan Slave Narrative ; National Register of Historic Places; Enslaved Community of Stagville

 

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