Cabarrus County, North Carolina
|PLANTATION NAME:||PHIFER PLANTATIONS - includes RED HILL & COLD WATER|
|ASSOCIATED LINK(s):||Consisted of 3 Plantations|
|ORIGINAL OWNER:||Martin Phifer Sr.
|ASSOCIATED SURNAMES:||Phifer, Pfifer, Fifer, Fiffer|
present-day Cabarrus, Phifer's Plantations were in Mecklenburg Co. until
1792. West of Concord on Buffalo Creek.
Martin Phifer, Jr., planter, soldier, millwright, and huntsman,
was born at his father's plantation, Cold Water,
which at that time was located in Anson County but after 1762 in Mecklenburg
and after 1792 in Cabarrus County. On 15 Apr. 1776, by act of the
Fourth Provincial Congress, he was appointed to the rank of captain and
"ordered by the State of North Carolina to raise the second troop of light
Dragoons." Three such companies of light horse were authorized, although
they were not mentioned in the resolves from the Continental Congress. After
raising the troop he marched it to Charleston but arrived two or three days
after the British attack on Sullivans Island (28 June 1776). Some months
later his troop (Independent Company of North Carolina Light Horse in
Continental Service) was transferred to the northern army. From his father
Phifer inherited Cold Water plantation and
two-thirds of a tract of land on Mecklin's Fork and Lyle's Creek in present
Catawba County. He also received military land warrants for 1,149 acres in
present Tennessee and purchased two large grants (2,373 acres and 5,000
acres) in the "Middle District" (probably present Bedford County) of that
present state. In addition to farming, he operated successfully as a
millwright, "being regarded as the most skillful in that trade of anyone in
that country." In politics he was an anti-Jacksonian and in religion he was
a Protestant of the Lutheran denomination. He did, it is interesting to
note, maintain a friendly relationship with the Swiss Moravians at Salem
since he is known to have visited them at least once (23 July 1778).
On 5 Nov. 1778 he married Elizabeth Locke (1758–91), daughter of General
Matthew Locke of Rowan County. The children of this marriage were John,
George, Mary, Margaret, and Ann. When Captain Phifer's brother John died
suddenly in 1778, Martin moved from his father's house at
Cold Water to Red Hill,
his brother's home on the old road from Salisbury to Charlotte, about three
miles west of Concord off the present Poplar Tent road, in order to care for
John's family. When his father became infirm, he moved back to
Cold Water and remained there for many years
after his father's death. In his last years he lived with his son John at
the Black Jacks, a plantation adjoining
Red Hill, where he died at 9:00 A.M. According
to Society of Cincinnati records, Martin Phifer, Jr., was the last surviving
officer of the North Carolina Continental Line.
|SLAVE POPULATION:||PHIFER Wills of
Mecklenburg Co (now Cabarrus)
Slaves from will:
MARTIN PHIFER SR.
March 26, 1789
To Wife MARGARET:
DICK, MARY & her 2 children
Slaves to be divided between 2 sons CALEB & MARTIN, and 2 grandchildren PAUL & MARGARET PHIFER, children of deceased son JOHN PHIFER.
To Grandson PAUL:
DAVID & CHARLES, son of Old CHARLES.
To Granddaughter MARGARET, daughter of my son JOHN:
OLD CHARLES and NANCY his wife.
To Son CALEB:
JAMES & DINA, his wife
BAIRD & FANNY, his wife
To Son MARTIN:
OLD BOB & POLL his wife
YOUNG BOB & NANNY & PETER
Slaves named in Will of JOHN PFIFER, Mecklenburg Co, NC-1777:
Will of Martin Phifer, 1789; Will of John Phifer, Mecklenburg Co,NC-1777; Red Hill Highway Marker; Biography of Martin Phifer Sr.(1720-1791) ;Martin Phifer Sr. Grave: Phifer Family Cemetery; Biography of Martin Phifer Jr.(1756-1837)
North Carolina Plantations
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