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ELGIN PLANTATION

 Warrenton, Warren County, North Carolina

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PLANTATION NAME: ELGIN
ASSOCIATED LINK(s):  
ORIGINAL OWNER: Peter Mitchell, d. 1846
BUILT: ca 1832
ASSOCIATED SURNAMES: Mitchell, Person
HISTORY:

 Peter Mitchel who was said to have come from Elgin, Scotland, emigrated to Virginia in 1797, and moved to Warrenton a few years later where he established a store with Thomas White, also a Scotsman. Peter married Elizabeth Person in 1824, the daughter of wealthy landowner, William Person, grandson of the first William Person (1700-1770) who was one first settlers in the area of North Carolina which later became Edgecombe, then Granville, then Bute, and finally Warren County.  In 1827, William Person transferred 650 acres of land in Warrenton to Peter Mitchel, which was likely the land on which Elgin was built by 1832, when the family moved into the house. Peter became very ill over the next few years, during which time his wife, Elizabeth, assumed more and more of the duties of running the plantation and by 1846 when her husband died, she was fully in charge. By the time he died, Peter Mitchel had 2000 acres at Elgin, another 2000 acres throughout the county, and other large tracts in Shelby Co. Tennessee, and his widow managed those properties until their son Peter, reached his majority in 1854, at which time she moved out of Elgin in order to give him complete control of his estate. Peter Jr. enlisted in the army in 1861 where he served as a third sergeant in a Warren County unit of the Confederacy, and he and the family came through the War still fairly intact. Right after the war the family started rearranging their affairs in order to move to their property in Tennessee. Mitchel assigned Samuel Arrington with power of attorney to sell and handle all of his North Carolina property, and he also executed a deed specifically placing Elgin in trust for his wife, Laura, and their children, putting the plantation beyond the reach of future contingencies, so that in any even the family may have a comfortable home and a support. Elgin was sold in 1873 for $20,000 to Andrew and William Brown Crinkley, of Gads Hill, Ontario, Canada.
Part of the Person Family Papers 1728-1907 Collection, from the Southern Historical Collection, includes papers from the Peter Mitchel estate from the Household accounts when it was run by Elizabeth Person-Mitchell. It contains the records of Slave Births and the allotments of clothing for the Slaves. Probably one of the most remarkable things it reveals, though, is that most all of the Slaves had surnames which were recorded in the Mitchel records. It isn't often that such records were made and it provides a fascinating look into the question about whether or not Slaves had surnames which has often been asked. My suspicion, too, is that the surnames may have been based on where the slaves had been purchased from since most of the surnames were those of the family and neighbors. Hopefully some of the following records will be of help to those researching ancestors from these families.
 

SLAVE POPULATION: In 1840, Peter Mitchel had 81 Slaves. In 1850, Elizabeth Mitchel had 52 Slaves. In 1860, Peter Mitchel (Jr.) had 59 Slaves.
PETER MITCHELL ESTATE, WARREN COUNTY-1847
A Copy of the Inventory of Slaves sent March 1848:
 

FANNY GREEN
DELHA
SALLY
HARRY
ROBERT
JANET
ANNA
FLORENCE
FED
ELIZA
JUDY
MILLY
EMMA
ROSA
JONAS
ESSEX
LEVINIA
ANDREW
BILLY TAYLOR
AGNES
NAT
HARRIET
LYDIA
JANE
MARY
ISABELLA
SOLOMON
FANNY PERSON
AMEY
SYLVIA
ALFRED
ELIZA PERSON
 

EASTHER
ROBIN BOND
HENRIETTA
PHIL JONES
LUCY
EDWARD
SAM
JAMES
LEMUEL
CYNTHIA
SUSAN
ELLEN
LAURA
DAVY
MARY HOBBS
MARGARET
LOUISA
CAROLINE
CHAROTTE
PHEOBE
LIZZIE
CATHERINE
DAVY x dead
FRANK
MARIA
BILLY DORTCH
ALFRED
RICHMOND
HANNAH
MARIA
RACHEL
WINNY

EMILY
ALBINUS
PHIL COLEMAN
MARTHA
EATON
NANCY
BETSY
POLLY
WESLEY
MANSFIEL
MARY BATES
PETER
HENRY HARPER
ISABELLA
DICK
VIRGINIA
BILLY MITCHEL
BEN SHAW
BOB NUNNERY
CUFFEE
BEN BRAGG
BURTON
ISAAC
EDMUND
TOM
MINA
BEN DORTCH
JACK
ROBIN
EPHRAIM
SIMON
SCILLA
 
AGGY
CHARLOTT
JUDY
EVELINA x dead
REBECCA x dead

 

******************

North Carolina
Warren County

In persuance of an order, made at Warren County Court, August Session 1851, in the petition of ELIZABETH H. MITCHELL praying that her share (one third) of the slaves belonging to the Estate of PETER MITCHELL dec'd be allotted to her the said petitioner- A schedule of said Slaves, and the valuation of those of them in Tennessee by commissioners there, accompanying said order. We have proceeded to discharge that duty, being first duly sworn and respectfully report.
Valuation of Slaves in Tennessee as per report of Commissioners - $5275.00
Valuation of Slaves in Warren made by us - $29,720.00
Total valuation - $34,995.00
One Third of $34,995.00 that total value is - $11,665.00
And we allot to the said ELIZABETH H. MITCHELL of the Slaves aforesaid, the following all of whom are in the County of Warren.
Names - Value
FED - $400.00
ELIZA & her unsound child JONAS - 400.00
JUDY - 650.00
MILLY - 575.00
EMMA - 450.00
ROSA - 275.00
FREDERICK - 150.00
LEVEN - 600.00
CYNTHIA - 550.0
SUDDIE - 350.00
ELLEN - 300.00
SOLOMON - 200.00
CHLOE - 150.00
MARY BATT - 550.00
PETER - 300.00

PHIL COLEMAN (ruptured) -$175.00
MARTHA - 200.00
EATON - 750.00
NANCY - 600.00
NANCY's child, JOHN - 100.00
BETSY - 450.00
POLLY - 550.00
WESLEY - 300.00
MANSFIELD - 225.00
BOB NUNNERY - 450.00
BURTON - 425.00
RACHAEL - 300.00
JACK - 500.00
BILLY TAYLOR - 600.00
OLD SCILLER (worthless)
and to receive in money - $140.00
ELIZ. H. MITCHELL's share - $11,665.00

 

It will be seen by reference to the within that the total value of all the slaves is - $34,995.00
Total one third of the same is - 11,665.00
That we have allotted to ELIZABETH H. MITCHELL the thirty one slaves mentioned within, valued at - 11,525.00
And that said ELIZ. H. MITCHELL is to receive in money from the Estate of said PETER MITCHELL- 140.00
Total: $11,665.00
Making the share of the said ELIZABETH H. MITCHELL eleven thousand six hundred and sixty five dollars. In making the division and allotment aforesaid, we have classed the said Slaves in families as far as to us served practicable. All which is respectfully submitted.
Given under our hands and seals this day of October A.D. 1851.
BENJ. E. COOK
E. W. BEST
KEMP PLUMMER

Report of Commr's of LIZZY H. MITCHELL'S Share of her Father's Negroes


State of North Carolina
Warren County
Court of Pleas & Quarter Sessions
May Term 1851

To the worshipful the Justices of the Court of Pleas & Quarter Sessions for the County aforesaid, The Petition of ELIZABETH H. MITCHELL Sen'r, ELIZABETH H. MITCHELL Jr. and PETER MITCHELL, an infant, by his next friend W. P. MITCHELL, respectfully sheweth that they are tenants in common in equal undivided shares of the slaves named in the schedule hereto annexed marked A.B. that your Petitioners ELIZABETH H. MITCHELL JR. is desirous of having said Slaves divided and of holding and enjoying her share thereof in severalty.
They therefore pray your worships to appoint commissioners to make such division and allot to your Petitioner ELIZABETH JR. one third part of said slaves to be held by her in severalty, and as in duty bound they will ever pray &c.

E. HALL atto

a Copy

Test
JNO. W. WHITE Clk


State of N. Carolina
Warren County
Court of Pleas & Quarter Sessions
August Term 1851
ELIZABETH H. MITCHELL SEN'R & others
Ex parte

Petition for a division of Slaves
In this Case it is ordered by the Court that BENJ. E. COOK, E. W. BEST, KEMP PLUMMER, ANTHONY DOWTIN & WILLIAM WATSON JR. or any three of them, be appointed commissioners to divide the Slaves named in the Petition according to the prayer thereof, and report to the next Term of this Court, Commrs' to be sworn by a Justice of the Peace before they act.

A Copy

Test
JNO. W. WHITE Clk

A list of the Slaves - to wit:

1. FED
2. ELIZA
3. JUDY
4. WILEY
5. EMMA
6. ROSA
7. JONAS
8. FREDRICK
9. FANNY
10. DELHA
11. SALLY
12. HARRY
13. BOB
14. JANET
15. ANNA
16. FLORENCE
17. BREACY
18. ROSETTA
19. MINA
20. MARY HOBBS
21. MARGARET
22. LOUISA & child OSCAR
23. CAROLINE
24. LIZZIE
25. PHEOBE
26. KATE
27. GEORGE
28. DAVY
29. BEN BRAGG
30. AGNES
31. BILEY TAYLOR
32. NAT
33. HARRIET
34. LYDICE
35. JANE
36. MARY
37. ISABELLA
38. MARY
39. INDIANNA
40. LAVENIA
41. ESSEX
 
42. ANDREW
43. CYNTHIA
44. LEMUEL
45. SUE
46. ELEN
47. SOLOMON
48. CLOE
49. AGGY HALIFAX
50. ISABELLA
51. HENRY
52. DICK
53. VIRGINIA
54. WILLIAM
55. BILEY MITCHELL
56. BEN DORTCH
57. EPHRAIM
58. ALFRED
59. SOLOMON
60. FANNY
61. AMEY
62. SYLVIA
63. BANEBOZEL
64. SALLA
65. ISAAC
66. BOB
67. JACK
68. SIMON
69. TOM
70. RACHEL
71. PHIL
72. MARTHA
73. NANCY
74. JOHN
75. BETSY
76. POLLY
77. EATON
78. WESLEY
79. MANSFIELD
80. MARY BATES
81. PETER
82. JUDY BATES
83. MARY
 
Slaves in Tennesse:
JOHN aged about 35 years
CONNER aged about 30 years
ESSEX aged about 18 years
NEWMAN aged about 12 years
POLLY aged about 34 years
LIZZY aged about 38 years
SARAH a idiot
CHILD aged about 50 years
CLORA aged about 18 years
PEGGY aged about 10 years

A Copy
Test JNO. W. WHITE Clk
 

******************

 

Names of Slaves, Person Family Papers.
The records of the PETER MITCHELL's Estate were among those in the Person Family Papers, including the Household Accounts of ELIZA A. PERSON-MITCHELL, granddaughter of WILLIAM PERSON JR.

 

Lists of Slave Births---
 

FANNY GREEN's children:
DELHA   born July 7th 1833
SALLY   born April 10th 1835
HARRY   born Oct 16 1837
ROBERT  born April 16th 1839
JANET   born Febry 15 1841
ANNA  born Sept 13 1842
FLORENCE  born Sept 7 1844
REBECCA  born November 30th 1845 [entry crossed out]
BREACHY  born April 24 1848
ROSETTA  born Oct 28 1849
BETSY MITCHEL  born 1851
ALEXANDER MITCHEL  Dec 16 1853


ELIZA BATTS Children:
JUDY  born August 28th 1833
MILLY  born Feby 14th 1836
EMMA  born May 1st 1838
ROSA  born August 10th 1844
JONAS  born Sept 9th 1847
FREDRICK  January 1849
FANNY  born May 1st 1853


LEVINA POWERS' child:
ANDREW JACKSON born Sept 1839


AGNES' Children:
NAT  born 1836
HARRIET  born April 1838
LYDIA ANNA  born April 5th 1840
JANE  born January 9th 1842
MARY POPE  born July 9th 1843
ISABELLA  born July 11th 1845
INDIANNA  born March 11th 1850
SCOTT  born May 1852


ELIZA PERSON Children:
EASTER   born March 1839
ROBBIN  born January 17th 1841
HENRIETTA  born April 21 1843
EVELINA  born May 15 1845 [entry crossed out]
FRANCES  born May 2 1848
 
LUCY's Children:
EDWARD  November 1839
DANIEL  April 21 1841 [entry crossed out, reads "died"]
SAM  born 18th March 1843
JAMES  born 8th March 1846


CYNTHIA's Children:
SUSAN  born January Sunday morning 9th 1842
ELLEN TURNER born Saturday morning, 18th Novr 1843
LAURA,  August 22nd 1846
SOLOMON  born April 7th 1848
CLOE  born 16 March 1850


MARY HOBBS' Children:
MARGARET  born Feby 22 1832
LOUISA  born 1835
CAROLINE  born 1837
CHARLOTT  born August 1839
PHEOBE   April 4th 1841
E H M   Septr 11th 1842
DAVY HARPER born May 5 1844 [entry crossed out, reads "Died 1847"]
CATHERINE POLLOCK  born January 1st 1847
GEORGE   July 1st 1849
BILLY MITCHEL   August 1852


FANNY PERSON
SYLVIA   born Feby 28 1840
AMEY  born Feby 1850
CHANEY  1853


MARIA's Children:
BILLY   1831
ALFRED  April 5 1833
HANNAH   1835
RICHMOND  1837
MARIA   1839
RACHEL  1840
WINNY   1842
EMILY   Novr  1845
ALBINUS   Oct 28th 1847
NELLY   November 14th 1848
 
MARTHA's Children:
ISABELLA  1825
EATON
NANCY
BILLY
BETSY
WESLY  born November 25h 1844
MANSFIELD  February 18th 1847

MARY BATTs Child:
PETER BATTs  born Decr 21st 1843

NANCY's Child - JOHN  Feb 1851

RENA's Child:
JAMES EDWARD MITCHELL born November 12th 1844


ISABELLA's Children:
RICHARD C. POPE  born November 15th 1845
GEORGIANA[?]  born Octr 28th 1847 [entry crossed out]
WILLIAM   born November 15th 1850


AMEY's Children:
GOVAN (alias BAMBOZEL)   born November 1 1849
CHANCEY  born April 1853


MARGARETT's Children:
MARY   born May 24 1850
MOSES   January 2 1854
WALTER   1856


LOUISA's Children:
[no name given] 1854


HARRIET's Child born January 1856
ADELINE died


LUCY's Child
[no name given] 1854

 

CAROLINE's Children:
SARAH born July 16 1854


SALLIE GREEN:
JOE born May 7 1854
FANNY born August 1857


DELHA GREEN:
MIRION born Jany 1851


BETSEY's Children:
Born May 21st 1856 [no name given]

MILLEY's Children:
FREDRICK August 13th 1854
 

******************

 

Household accounts of Eliza A. Person-Mitchell:
 

1833 List of Slaves from clothing list:

1. AGGY HARPER
2. CHARLOTT MABRY
3. FANNY GREEN
4. ELIZA MITCHELL
5. MARIA ALSTON
6. MARTHA COLEMAN
7. MARY MITCHELL
8. FANNY PERSON
9. ELIZA PERSON
10. CYNTHIA PERSON
11. SCILLA GALES
12. LEAVEANIA MITCHELL
13. LUCY MITCHELL
14. SOPHIA COLEMAN
15. ISABELLA COLEMAN
16. AGGY CLANTHORN
17. PHILLIP
18. ELICK
19. EDWARD
20. HENRY
21. RICHARD
22. WILLIAM
23. HANNAH
24. TEMPY
25. FREDK
26. EATON
MARGARET
AMEY
ALFRED

 

1834 Clothing for Men:
FREDERICK MITCHEL
BILLY MITCHEL
DAVY MITCHEL
BENJ'N MITCHEL
ROBIN HARRIS
JOHN HARRIS
BURTON NICHOLSON
PHILIP COLEMAN
BOB NUNERY
JOHN JOHNSON
ISAAC JOHNSON
TOM BRAGG
BEN BRAGG
FRANK CHRISTMAS
BENJ'N DORTCH
ESSEX POWERS
EPHRAM JOHNSON
SOLOMON PERSON
TOM JOHNSON
CUFFEE JOHNSON
PHIL JONES
BILLY TAYLOR
LEMUEL ALSTON
TOM CHRISTMAS
MINA MITCHEL
HENRY MITCHEL
ELLICK CHRISTMAS
EDMUND CHRISTMAS

 

1834 Slaves given Clothing made from own sheep:
AGGY HARPER
CHARLOTT MABRY
FANNY GREEN
ELIZA MITCHEL
MARY MITCHEL
MARIA ALSTON
MARTHA COLEMAN
FANNY PERSON
ELIZA PERSON
AGNES CLANTHORN
LEVEANIA POWERS
SOPHIA COLEMAN
SCILLA GALES
CYNTHIA PERSON
LUCY MITCHEL
ISABELLA COLEMAN
JUDY BATTS
MARY BATTS
 
RESEARCH NOTES:

MISCELLANEOUS: National Register of Historic Places ; Elgin, Wikipedia ; Person Family Papers, 1728-1907 ; Peter Mitchel Estate, 1847, Warren Co.; Warren County, NC Slave Census 1850; Warren County, NC Slave Census 1860; William Person Biography

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