Source: This page developed from materials originally featured on
"Before the Needles" online 2002 - 2009 which read as follows:
Enjoy your research,
This page was developed from the data file "Executions in the United States, 1608-1987: The ESPY File", Espy, M. Watt, and John Ortiz Smykla, Principal Investigators. Funded by the National Science Foundation. This dataset represents the most complete list of executions in the United States compiled to date
NCGenWeb Project Inc.