North Carolina Participants in the American Revolution

Alphabetical List of Names, down to:

A -- B -- C -- D -- E --F -- G -- H -- I -- J -- K -- L -- M -- N -- O -- P -- Q -- R -- S -- T -- U -- V -- W -- XYZ

NOTE: Email addresses have not been checked to see if they are working. For any that are not working, I do not have a new one. If it is your old email addy, please send and updated one. Thank you, Jo.
-- A --
ALPHIN, William
ASKEW, Benjamin
-- B --
BALFOUR, Col. Andrew
BEASLEY, William
BEASLEY, William
BECK, George
BELL, Samuel
BILLBERRY, Nathaniel
BIVENS, Robert Nathaniel
BOWEN, Clifton
BOWEN, Stephen
BRITNELL, (Britnal, Britnall) James
-- C --


born Abt 1758 in Deep River, Randolph Co. North Carolina; died Aft April 11, 1846 in Deep River, Randolph Co. North Carolina. He was the son of William ALLRED and Elizabeth DIFFEE. He married Sarah SPENCER 1786 in Randolph Co., North Carolina. Sarah SPENCER was born Abt 1769 in Randolph Co., North Carolina.

John Allred, was born and reared in the house built by his father, William Allred. In the same home Claiborne Allred, who was the youngest son of John Allred and Sarah Spencer, and Orpha Russell settled when they first married and most of their family of seven children were born there.

When the Revolutionary war came, John Allred shouldered his flintlock rifle and fought for the freedom of the American colonies to the end of the war. As a resident of Rowan County, NC, he enlisted in the spring of 1781 as a private and volunteer in the cavalry under Capt. Thomas Doogan for the purpose of subduing and putting down one Colonel David Fanning, a Tory in the Royal Militia, who, with a band of outlaws, conducted a campaign of guerrilla warfare against the colonists in and around Randolph County, North Carolina, burning houses, pillaging and murdering, from 1775 to 1783. Allred served for approximately 12 months until the spring of 1782. The fact of his fighting against the British aroused the anger of Col. David Fanning, the leader of the Tories or British sympathizers, and he and his band of men went to the homestead in search of John, who happened to be at home. He saw them coming, snatched up his gun and secreted himself in the attic. It so happened that they did not go up there to search for him. William Allred also saw them approaching, took up his gun and ran out northwest of the house and lay down behind a large rock. He could see Fannen and his men from his hiding place when they went out to his crib, later opened the crib door and let many barrels of corn run out, did the same at another log crib, then turned their horses loose in the lot to eat and trample the corn into the red mud. When they had eaten all they wanted them to have, they saddled them up and started on towards the western part of the county. Fanning was eventually driven out of North Carolina and fled to South Carolina and then to East Florida, and from there fled with his family to New Brunswick, Canada, where he died on the island of Nova Scotia in 1825.

William Allred had a sprightly negro slave by the name of Kiltyre whom Fanning took with him. The first night they spent at the widow Kindley's near the river, who had a good many slaves. Kiltyre seemed so delighted with his new friends that Fanning told him to go down to the negro cabins and spend the night; but Kiltyre never got to the cabins, and the next morning was at home, where he remained until William's death about 1825. In the division of the estate, Kiltyre was given to John Allred, where he spent the balance of his life. John Allred and all the children thought a great deal of Kiltyre, and built him a little home in the lane, about 200 yards north of his own house, and allowed him a great many privileges that he did not allow his other slaves. Kiltyre spent many of his last years in that little log cabin in the lane until his death there.

John Allred married Sarah Spencer, and settled about one and a half miles southeast of his father, William, where he reared a large family and lived to be about 97 years old. He and his wife and several of his children were buried in Trogdon graveyard across Deep River and south of his home.

In 1846, when he was 82, John Allred sought to obtain a pension from the US government under the Act of Congress, 7 June 1832, and filed a Declaration recounting his service with Capt. Doogan. However, because his discharge papers had long since been lost, and there was no official record in the Secretary of State's office in Raleigh of his service, even though the records of the Comptroller of Public Accounts showed payments made to "John Allred" during this period, his application for a pension was denied by Judge Alfred Dockery on 29 June 1846.

SOURCES: (1) Family history recollections, written by Rev. Brazilla Caswell Allred in 1922, and published in "The Searcher", Vol. VI, No. 2 (So. Calif. Genealogical Society, 1969) The Reverend was the brother of William Franklin Allred of Randolph County, North Carolina. (2) Certified Statement of Mary C. Allred Jones, dated 22 Apr 1929, found among the papers of Dora Belle Jones Cross on 16 Oct 1977; (3) Rulon Allred, "Allred Family in America" (1965); (4) Revolutionary war Pension records, National Archives; (5) DAR Patriot Index, p. 12; Randolph Co. Marriage Bonds, cited in Rand. Co. Gen. Journal, Vol 1, No. 1 (Spring 1977), p. 30-31.
Submitted by: Frederick W. Ford

ALPHIN, William - Listed as a Revolutionary War Veteran in the 1830 Census of Duplin Co., NC

Abstracts of Rev. War Pension Files

Alfin, William, S8018, NC Line, Filed Jan 22, 1832 Duplin Cty NC, sol states his name is
spelled Olfin as well as Alfin & Alphin, sol was aged 71 in 1832, b Onslow Cty NC Jan 22,
1762, sol rec'd BLW from the state of NC for 640 acres which he sold to John S. Herring who
gave it to Daniel Herring.

This information is contributed by Arlis Herring <aherring AT>

ASKEW, Benjamin

Benjamin Askew born 1747 Bertie County, NC married Susannah ? died 1831 Lenoir County or
Jones County, NC

Children: John, Josiah, Zadoch, Nathan, Susannah, Elizabeth, Peggy

This information from booklet about Askews written by Corinne Beasley Price daughter of
Margarette Corinne Askew Beasley daughter of James Henry Askew and Sarah Lewis Askew.

James Henry Askew born 1858 wrote in Waldo, Arkansas , November 11, 1926:
"My great grandfather Benjamin Askew was born in Jones County, North Carolina in 1747.
This is as far back as I have any knowledge of the Askew family, and this was told me by my
father. He remembered his grandfather, Benjamin Askew quite well and frequently told me he
was a Dutchman. Askew is English, but you can't tell a man's nationality by his name. My
great grandfather, Benjamin, was a Revolutionary soldier and served part of his service under
General Anthony Wayne. He was at one time during his service as a soldier placed as a picket
with others on the opposite side of a river from where the American army was camped, with
orders that if the red coats came in sight to fire on them, throw their guns in the river, and swim
to the American side. Before they swam to the other side bullets of the enemy were striking the
water near them as they swam, but none were killed. On another occasion Benjamin was with
American troops who captured a British camp and a good lot of supplies, among which was a
good supply of good old Jamaica rum. My great grandfather Benjamin Askew died in Jones
County, North Carolina, in 1831. My grandfather, John Askew and my father James Edward
Askew and my Uncle Benjamin Franklin Askew were at his house when he died, at the age of
Corinne Beasley Price became a member of DAR through Benjamin Askew 1747. For
membership in DAR Corinne Price and niece Helen Aldridge used the voucher issued Benjamin
Askew for payment for service in the Revolution dated August, 1783. Her DAR # is 659341,
Capt. David Love Arkansas chapter.

Martha Jane Kitchens 1927 AR- 2001 LA m George McDowell
Mary Helen Askew 1893 AR-1964 AR m George Kitchens 1884 AR-1965 AR
James Henry Askew 1858 AR-1929 AR m Sarah Lewis
James Edward Askew 1819 NC-1905 AR m Sarah Goolsby
John Askew 1789 NC-1866 AL m Elizabeth King
Benjamin Askew 1747 NC-1831 NC m Susannah ?
John Askew 1710 VA-1751 NC m Margaret Elizabeth Boone

This information is contributed by Margarette Stout <danmar2579 AT

BALFOUR, Col. Andrew

Though a foreigner by birth, he had made this his adopted country, and showed himself, from the
first, a warm and decided advocate for the rights of man. He was a native of Edinburgh, in Scotland,
and came over to America about four years before the Declaration of Independence. Like many
others, he was an adventurer to the New World, but proved to be of kindred sprit with those who
resolved to be free or die.

Nearly all we know of him is gleaned from a family correspondence which was carried on, for several
years, between him and his friends, both in Scotland and in this country. From this correspondence
it appears that his family was in good circumstances, and had a respectable standing in the city of
Edinburgh. In a country where the distinctions of birth and the gradations of society are so
scrupulously observed as they are in Scotland, a man who could be, as it appears incidentally from
these letters, Andrew Balfour was, on terms of social equality with such families as the Erskines,
the Huttons, the Montcriefs, and others of equal notoriety, must have belonged to the same class;
and that he was in good circumstances, may also be inferred from another fact casually mentioned
in the freedom and confidence of this familiar correspondence. When his son, John Balfour, who had
been, for a few years in this country, engaged in business, returned to Edinburgh, merely on a visit
to his friends, the old man, as he himself tells Andrew in a letter, gave him 200 pounds, or a
thousand dollars, to enable himto carry on his business here more in accordance with his wishes;
and to his daughter Margaret, who was coming over to this country with him, to bring her brother
Andrew's motherless and only child, he gave 400 pounds, or two thousand dollars; but a man who
could thus give, at one time, three thousand dollars to two of his children, for their accommodation
and without inconvenience to himself, if not wealthy when compared with many others in the
far-famed metropolis of Scotland, he must have been very independent in his circumstances, or
engaged, at the time, in a very lucrative business; for he seems to have been a very prudent man,
and would not have heedlessly embarrassed himself to accommodate his children, who were doing
a respectable business for themselves in a foreign land.

When Andrew arrived to maturity, he engaged, for a time, in mercantile business with Robert Scott
Montcrief, and then set up on his own footing. About this time he married Miss Janet McCormick,
a lady who had been well educated and accustomed to move in the first circle of society. He thus
became connected by affinity, as he had probably been before by blood, with some of the most
influential families in the city; but the fair prospects with which he commenced life were not to be
of long continuance, whether it was owing to the want of a sufficient acquaintance with the details
of business, or to those losses which mercantile men so often sustain or to the misconduct of
others who were in his employ, does not appear; but he soon found it necessary to close his
business and make some other arrangement. In this juncture of his affairs, so trying to one of his
temperament and connexions in society, he was impelled, by his great sensitiveness and by his
high-toned feelings of honor, to take a step which he soon regretted and which was quite unfortunate
both for him and for his friends. Without trying to do the best he could, or even waiting to know the
worst, he set sail for America, leaving his young wife with an infant child to the care of his and her
friends, and his property, including his notes and papers of every description, to his creditors. He
did not even let his wife or anybody else know he was going away; but left a letter for her and
another for his friend Robert S. Montcrief, informing him of the fact that he had just sailed for the
American shore; that he had done so because he could not bear the shame of bankruptcy and
poverty at home; and that his keys, books and papers of every description would be found in such
a place. This was exceedingly unfortunate; for , as they informed him afterwards, if he had remained
and settled up his business himself, they would not have lost one shilling in the pound, or one
twentieth if the whole, which said, they would have borne without a murmur; but having gone off
without leaving his property in the care of any one, or duly authorizing any of his friends to act for
him, so much of it was lost by the peculations of servants, the costs of legal processes and in
various ways, that in the final settlement, they did not realize more than one third the amount.

By this step, however, he did not lose the confidence of his friends; and his creditors imputed it to
his having too high a sense of honor, or too great a sensitiveness in regard to his character. The
following extract from a letter addressed to him by Robert S. Montcrief, a merchant of Edinburgh,
and the gentleman with whom he had first been engaged in business, and now one of his creditors,
bears an explicit and honorable testimony to his character. It is dated, Edinburgh, July 2d, 1773;
and after such matters and things as are usually most prominent in letters of friendship, he says,
"I should be happy to hear that you are successful in business. You will derive some advantage
from past experience, and learn from that not to be too sanguine in your expectations, nor too
forward in depending on the honesty of others. There never was a time that called for more caution
and circumspection than the present. I sincerely wish you may meet with many of as honest
principles as yourself; for, notwithstanding all that has passed, I never could call in question your
integrity. I had great confidence in it while we used to do business together. I have not changed
my opinion of your heart, though I regret your too great sensibility and sense of honor, whereby I
am persuaded, you were led to the step you took." In his answer to the above letter, dated Newport,
R. I., Nov. 12th, 1773, Colonel Balfour, after expressing his gratification at receiving such a kind
and consoling letter from one who had sustained a considerable loss by his failure, says, "It gave
me the greatest sorrow to hear of the bad effects my leaving the country has had upon the
interests of my friends. I had too little experience in business to know or forsee the bad
consequences of such a step, and too little firmness of mind to support the disgrace of a failure,
perhaps the reproaches of friends, and all the melancholy consequences of poverty and
dependence. This weakness, which your humanity and friendship are pleased to soften with the
pleasing appellations of too great sensibility and a high degree of honor, was the chief cause of
my flight. Indeed , my dear friend, the greatest consolation, and comfort I have under all the
revolutions of fortune, is in the reflection that I never had, have not, and, I hope in God, never
shall have the smallest disposition to any thing that is in the least dishonest, or even dishonorable."

All his letters, written about this time, to his wife, his father, and others, with whom he had been
in habits of intimacy, are in the same strain; and it appears to have been his earnest desire, if he
could be successful in business, to make up all the losses which his creditors and friends had
sustained by his failure.

This was his sole object in coming to America, and he appears to have made every possible
exertion for the accomplishment of his purpose. His father, who was also a merchant in Edinburgh,
and who appears, from all his letters to his son, to have been a man of piety and sound discretion,
thus commences a letter to him, dated, Edinburgh, Feb. 20th, 1773, "Dear Andrew:-- I received
your very agreeable letter, which gave me a great deal of comfort, as I see much of God's good
providence in it, for which we ought to be thankful. As it is plain it was not by your own conduct
or imprudence it happened, so I hope you will ascribe the praise to him." A high-minded young
Scotchman, raised in affluence, and honorably related, both by blood and affinity, could not brook
the idea of a failure in business, and the untold evils to which it would subject him-the scorn of
enemies, the mortification of friends, and the taunts and sneers of rivals. To escape from it, all at
once, in the agonized state of his feelings, and without ever thinking of the consequences to
himself, or anybody else, he abruptly left the country, and sailed "for the land of promise."

He sailed from Grenock, in Scotland, May 20th, 1772, in a ship called the Snow George, and arrived
at Boston on the 18th of July, intending to go by water, via Philadelphia, to Charleston, in South
Carolina, where his brother, John Balfour, was already engaged in business; but while waiting for a
vessel to sail, he accidentally became acquainted with a man by the name of John Thompson, a
merchant in the city of New York, who had gone to Boston in his gig, with a single horse, and
having transacted his business, was now ready to return. Being desirous of company, and having
met with a countryman, an adventurer like himself, with whom he professed to be well pleased, he
readily offered him a seat in his gig, and the offer was as readily accepted. Thompson was from the
south of Scotland, and had been only a few years in America. Being a man of liberal education,
Balfour says, he was very companionable and prepossessing in his manners, a member of the
Presbyterian church, strictly moral in his deportment, and very popular in New York. As they
were from the same country, they contracted a great intimacy and friendship as traveling
companions; and, on their arrival in New York, he invited Balfour to stay with him at his boarding
house until his trunks should arrive which being too heavy to bring with them, he had left in Boston
to be sent round by water.

During this time, which was thirteen days, they became such boon companions, that Thompson
proposed to take him in as a partner, and to give him a full third of the profits, provided he would
put in what little money he had, and give his whole attention to the business. The partnership was
soon formed, and they commenced business with flattering prospects. Thompson was, at this time,
a young man, or a single man; but soon after married a Miss Robbins, the daughter of a clergyman
in Connecticut. He stood high in the public confidence, and was doing an extensive business,
having three country stores and a ship or two, at sea. By submitting his bonds, book accounts, ,
etc., to Balfour's inspection, he made him believe that he had a clear capital of five thousand
pounds sterling; and that there were no claims against him which were due, or which he could not
promptly meet. Balfour, with his characteristic frankness and honesty of intention, told him at once
that he had been unfortunate in business, and that he had no capital, except two hundred pounds,
or about a thousand dollars, which he had brought with him to be prepared for any emergency that
might arise, or, for any casualty that might befall him in a strange land. From such a beginning he
had high expectations of success, and there was apparently no ground for apprehension.
For a time their mutual friendship and confidence were unimpaired; and they seemed to be
doing a safe and profitable business. In the midst of it, however, he received the sad intelligence
that his wife, whom he had left behind, with an infant at the breast, and who had gone to live with
her brother, Robert McCormick, at Preston Pans, had died of inflammatory fever, June 17th, 1773;
and, while the object of his fondest affection, for whose welfare he had been most solicitous, was
now taken away, he felt all the bitterness of separation. In about a year after, he married Miss
Elizabeth Dayton, of Newport, in Rhode Island, a most estimable young lady, and of a very
respectable family. By her he had two children, a daughter whom he named Margaret, for his
mother and sister; and a son whom he called Andrew, for himself and his father. As Thompson
had the most experience in this line of business, and was regarded by Balfour as owning the
principal part of the stock, he either assumed the management, or it was conceded to him, as a
matter of courtesy, and with full confidence in his integrity; but within eighteen months after the
partnership was formed, he exploded and became insolvent to a considerable amount.

Although Colonel Balfour, had discernment enough to see that a storm was coming, before it burst
upon them, and in time to secure the greater part of what was due to him, yet, he sustained a
considerable loss. What little money he advanced was, at his own request, so fixed that Thompson
could, in no event, be liable for his debts; and, at Thompson's suggestion, was so secured that his
creditors could not take it from him, during the two or three years, for which the co-partnership was
formed. Of course, he was not in strict justice bound for Thompson's debts, and would not in law,
be held liable to his creditors. The firm was in fact, a mere nominal one; and the creditors, though
much chagrined at their loss, acquitted Balfour of any fraudulent or dishonest conduct. In a letter
written to his father on this subject, and dated Newport, R. I, January 3d, 1775, he says, "I have
got it from under the hand of my creditors, that I have behaved in an honest and honorable manner
towards them. It gives me particular satisfaction that, disposed as they were to use me with rigor
and severity, I have not afforded them the least opportunity to refuse me an honorable testimony
to my character."

We feel tempted here, to give an extract from a letter of his pious old father, written when he first
heard of these disasters; and we give it as illustrative of the old man's Christian character, and
consequently, of the religious instruction and training, which we suppose he had given to his
children. It is dated -

Edinburgh, Oct., 20th, 1774

"My dear Andrew - - I received your very melancholy letter of the 23d of May, and we all sincerely
condole and sympathise with you, and hope you will bear your afflictions patiently, as from the
hand of a good and merciful God, who afflicts us only for our good; and believe in our Lord and
Saviour, and pray for the forgiveness of your sins in, and through his merits and sufferings for us.
Then I hope God will make the remaining part of your life, as prosperous as the by-past part of it
has been troublesome, (full of trouble,) but though our whole life were troublesome, we ought not
to repine, as we are promised eternal happiness, when we perform our duties sincerely, and repent
of our sins. Read the first and last chapters of Job; and I hope you will observe the many comforts
you have, of which he was deprived. You have good health, friends who sincerely condole with, and
pity you, and a wife who sympathises with you- - so you have no reason to despair of God's
goodness. Read also the 15th chapter of the first Epistle to the Corinthians, which gives a
description of the Deity, and the history of our Saviour; and especially the 13th chapter of John's
Gospel to the end of the book."

About the beginning of 1777, he went to Charleston, in South Carolina, where his brother John had
been for some years engaged in a profitable business; and there were several things which now
induced him to visit the south. The north being the seat of war, business of every kind was at a
stand; manufactures had not yet commenced; foreign commerce was cut off; and merchandising,
the occupation in which he had hitherto been engaged, was out of the question; but the south,
being comparatively tranquil, presented a better prospect of providing for a family. In addition to
these considerations, his maiden sister, Margaret, and his little daughter, Tibby, the only child he
had by the wife of his youth, were there, and had been for a year or more. It was natural that he
should wish to see them both, but especially his daughter; and leaving his wife and her two children
in the care of her friends until he could make some comfortable or safe arrangement for them in the
south, he travelled the whole or most of the way to Charleston by land. His brother, John Balfour,
was a royalist; but it does not appear that he had taken any active or prominent part in the contest.
As I infer from some incidental remarks of allusions, in the letters now before me, Andrew was,
from the first, a Whig in principle and feeling; but, like many others who wavered, or rather
remained inactive for a time, not from any hesitancy in regard to the principle, but from the
condition of their families, which seemed to have, for the time being, an imperious claim on their
attention, he became more decided and active as the struggle advanced.

Whether he took part in the civil or military operations of the north, is not known, but his main object
in coming south was evidently to make better provision for his family; and there seemed to be a
necessity for doing something. Not only were the difficulties then great, but they were every day
increasing; and to show the distressed condition of the country soon after he left, it may not be
amiss, in passing, to notice the great scarcity and high prices of provisions, during the next year.
In a letter written to him by his wife, and dated South Kingston, R. I., Oct. 23d, 1778, she tells him
that corn was then selling at five and six dollars per bushel; in another, dated Feb. 13th, 1779,
she says it was then selling at ten dollars, and in another dated the 1st of June, following, it was
selling at twenty to thirty dollars per bushel, which was equivalent to saying that it was not to be
had at all; and although she had procured enough for her family in good time, many poor families
had to subsist almost entirely without bread. Whether this extreme scarcity was owing to the
drought or the ravages of war, is not stated-probably to both; but from the enormous prices of
bread stuffs, and the extreme severity of the winter, which she says was greater than usual, the
sufferings of all classes, except the most provident and forehanded, must have been immense.

The South being free from war and comparatively tranquil, the two brothers, though belonging to
opposite parties in the great conquest which was going on for freedom and Independence, might
have prosecuted their business in harmony together, as was often done by brothers similarly
situated and with good success; but no such partnership was formed by them and perhaps was
not designed. The object of Colonel Balfour in going to Charleston was part to pay his brother a
visit, having never seen him since they came to America; but mainly to see his daughter and
take her under his own care, for we find him soon after at Georgetown, or in the vicinity of it,
engaged in making salt. As none of his letters to his wife and other friends, during this period,
have been preserved, or if they have it is not known by whom, we gather these facts from the
incidental allusions which she makes in her answers to what he had written. Thus in a letter,
dated March 31st, 1778, she says, "I rejoice at your success in making salt, though I am not very
sanguine in my expectations; for I have resolved not to be disappointed with respect to riches."
Under what circumstances he engaged in this business and with what results, I have not learned,
but probably he and some other public spirited and enterprising gentlemen, of that region, had
been induced to undertake it by the pressing wants of the country and by the encouragement
which the legislative authorities had repeatedly given. However this may have been, either they
did not succeed as they expected, or else a supply was obtained from some other source; for
we find him, in a little time, at Chevau, to which place his brother John also removed either in
company with him or soon after, and remained there until his death. How long the Colonel
remained at Chevau we know not; for there are long intervals between the letters of his wife, at
least so far as they have been preserved. Many letters were written by him and as many by her
which were never received. At this period, the transmission of letters or papers of any description
especially to such a distance, was a very uncertain business, sometimes the mail was captured
by the enemy, and often from carelessness or other cause, letters were lost by the way, so that
it was frequently months and even a year or two, before a communication sent either way, though
not lost by violence or carelessness, arrived at the place of its destination.

Of this she complained bitterly, and adopted the expedient of sending to some man who was high
in office, or so distinguished in other ways, that his name would command respect:--sometimes
they were sent to the care of Mr. Marshall in Wachovia, or to the Moravian settlement; sometimes
to the care of Governor Nash from Dr, Stiles, President of Yale college. The first notice we have of
Colonel Balfour, in North Carolina, is in a letter to his wife, dated Salisbury, N. C., July, 1778, in
which he tells her that he was sometimes there, and sometimes at his plantation; but he intended
to remove, in a short time, to the plantation. He did remove to it, and with the intention of making
such improvements, as would render it a comfortable home for his family. It ultimately became their
residence; but the sovereign Disposer of all things did not permit him to enjoy it with them. At this
time, he had a considerable quantity of land in this state, some in the neighborhood of Cheraw,
and a number of servants. Had he lived, they would all have been independent in their
circumstances, and happy in the enjoyment of their social comforts and relations.

In this year, 1779, he wrote to his wife that he would be ready, in a short time, to go for her, and
bring her to her new home in this country. When replying to this, in a letter already referred to,
she says, "It is impossible for me to express the joy I feel at hearing that you are well , and that
you have fixed upon a time when you will visit your family. I earnestly pray that nothing may happen
to disappoint us. After an absense of more than two years and a half, to meet will be a pleasure
beyond the power of words to express. * * * * I have always understood that to be a sickly country,
and have been anxious on account of your health ever since you went there. I have been reading
the history of the European settlements in America, and the author recommended it, not only as
one of the most pleasant, but one of the most healthy places in the world; from which I am led to
think that the inhabitants being sickly is owing to their high living; but, be this as it may, I shall
never have an objection to living there, or any where else that may be most agreeable to your
circumstances." The anticipations which were now so flattering and so fondly indulged, some of
which were quite as sad as they were imperative.

During this year, Randolph county was formed, and he was chosen as one of the first
representatives. This is noticed in a letter from his wife, and his name stands on the records of
the State as a member of the Assembly for 1780. Another reason was, that before the adjournment
of the Assembly, or very soon after, the British army had taken Charleston, and were advancing
through South Carolina toward this State; and it was not deemed expedient to remove his family
here, when every thing seemed to indicate an approaching time of great and protracted distress,
while the Eastern States were not comparatively tranquil. When the country of his adoption was
thus invaded, or threatened with invasion, he felt it his duty to share all their dangers with his fellow
citizens, and sacrifice his life, if need be, in the common cause. He was appointed colonel: and,
with a heroic and magnanimous sprit, engaged in the military operations of the day; but to what
extent is not known. In view of such perils and sufferings throughout the entire south, as he would
be much from home, and his life would be all the time exposed to the most imminent dangers, he
deemed it best to let his wife and children remain, for the present, with their friends in Rhode Island,
and leave to Providence the ordering of their lot for the future.

That he determined to risk his life in the military defense of the country, as we are informed by a
letter from Mrs. Balfour, dated June1st, 1779, and written in answer to one from him. After noticing
some other things in his letter, she says, "I have been anxious about the enemy's being in Georgia
ever since I heard they were there; but your resolution of exposing yourself raises a thousand
melancholy thoughts. I can only say, I am unhappy and shall be so until I see you." From this I
would infer that he went, or at least he intended going with the unfortunate expedition to Georgia,
and under the command of General Ashe: but of this we have no certain information. How he was
employed, or what he accomplished, during this period, we have no means of knowing; for he had
become very obnoxious to the Tories. In the fall of 1780, he and Jacob Shephard, father of the Hon.
Augustine H. Shephard, who was also a prominent Whig, were captured by a party of Tories, from
the Pedee, under the command of Colonel Coulson, who were carrying them as prisoners to the
British at Cheraw, but were attacked by Captain Childs, from Montgomery, who completely
dispersed them, and set their prisoners at liberty to return home.

On their return, Shephard left the neighborhood and went into one of more security, but Balfour
remained and met an untimely fate. In the narrative of Judge Murphy, furnished for the University
Magazine, by Governor Swain, we have the following account of this most barbarous and
disgraceful affair. "In one of his predatory and murderous excursions, he (Fanning) went to the
house of Andrew Balfour, which he had plundered three years before. Stephen Cole, one of Balfour's
neighbors, hearing of his approach and apprised of his intentions, rode at full speed to Balfour's
house and gave him notice of the danger that threatened him. Balfour had scarcely stepped out of
his house before he saw Fanning galloping up. He ran, but one of Fanning's party, named Absalom
Autry, fired at him with his rifle and broke his arm. He returned to the house and entered it, and his
daughter and sister clung to him in despair. Fanning and his men immediately entered and tore
away the women, threw them on the floor and held them under their feet until they shot Balfour.
He fell on the floor, and Fanning taking a pistol, shot him through the head." These are the most
important facts in the case; but we have the details more fully and minutely given in letters written
soon after by his sister and others, who, being present at the time, and treated with most barbarous
cruelty, felt what they wrote.

As Col. Balfour was the most prominent and influential man in that region, Fanning, in this
murderous excursion up the river, made him the first victim, and accompanied the act with almost
every degree of barbarity that was possible. It was on Sabbath morning, March 10th, 1782; when it
might be expected that the sacredness of the day would have had at least, some mitigating
influence on the ferocity of these banditti; but we will let Miss Margaret Balfour give the account of
this transaction in her own language. It was some months, however, before her feelings were
sufficiently composed and tranquil to write an account of a scene so distressing, and in the
meantime, Mrs. Balfour, who, from all her letters, appears to have been most affectionate and
devoted wife, had received intelligence of the fact by another hand. Mr. Marshall, of Salem, N. C.,
had communicated a notice of Colonel Balfour's death to his friend, the Rev. Mr. Russmeyer, in
Newport, where she lived, and he had made it known to her. Owing to the difficulty of transmitting
letters, this was a little over two months after the event; and she immediately wrote to Miss
Margaret for a particular account of the whole affair. Her letter, from which the reader will, no doubt,
be pleased to see a short extract, is dated

Newport, R. I. , May 22d, 1782.

"My Dear Peggy:
With the utmost grief and sorrow of heart, I sit down to write to you, having eight days ago,
heard the unhappy news of my dear husband's death. I had the day before, received two very
affectionate letters from him, which raised my hope to a height to which I had long been a stranger.
I had flattered myself that, with my dear little ones, I should, in a short time, be happy under the
protection and guidance of the best of husbands and fathers. My fond imagination had painted an
addition of happiness in the society of an affectionate sister who , though personally unknown to
me, I had ever thought upon with love and esteem, and of my dear Tibby, to whom I had considered
myself as under particular obligations of friendship; but I was soon roused from these pleasing
thoughts by the most distressing account of his being killed by a company of villains in his own
house. My dear Peggy, it is not in the power of language to express what I feel on the present
occasion, and I shall not attempt it. It is some consolation that there is a way open through
which I may hope to hear from you, and I embrace this, the first opportunity of entreating you not
to delay writing, and let me know every thing which you think can afford consolation. I wish to
know the particulars of your brother's death; and, O, I wish to know more than it is possible for me
to express in my present distress."

In reply to this sorrowful request, Miss Margaret wrote a letter, of which we will give the greater part,
because it contains a fuller and more authentic account of Colonel Balfour's murder, and of the
treatment which she and little Tibby received from these savages, than can be got elsewhere;
because it gives an affecting view of the disorder, recklessness and Heart-rending distress which
then prevailed in the country, for this was one of the almost numberless cases of a similar kind,
and differing from it only a little in degree, and because the writer was not only an eye-wittness,
but a deep sufferer in the scenes which she describes. When we read such accounts, it seems
difficult to say whether the men or the female portion of the community were the greatest sufferers;
for the revengeful and infuriated sprit, which reigns in a state of civil war, has very little respect for
age or sex; but it might not be amiss for the present and all coming generations, while living at
their ease and enjoying all the luxuries which wealth and ingenuity can furnish, to remember the
toils and privations, perils and sufferings, which were the price of our liberties and all our blessings.
It is neither duty nor policy to forget the lessons of the past; but we return to the letter; it is dated

Swearing Creek, Sept. 24th, 1782

My Dear Eliza,
I have just now received your very kind but sorrowful letter, dated May 22d; and it gives me a
great deal of both pleasure and pain. I am extremely happy to hear from you; but as sorry, that it
is on such a melancholy subject. You desire me to give you a particular account of your husband's
death. My Dear Eliza, imposes on me a hard task; for the very thought of it throws me into such
nervous fits, that it is with the greatest difficulty, I can hold the pen. Besides, I have not yet quit
the bed of a long and dangerous fever, occasioned, I believe, by grief and vexation. However, to
show that I really love you; I will comply with your request, but in as few words as possible. On
the 10th of March, about twenty-five armed ruffians came to the house with the intention to kill my
brother. - - Tibby and I endeavored to prevent them; but it was all in vain. The wretches cut and
bruised us both a great deal, and dragged us from the dear man before our eyes. The worthless,
base, horrible Fanning shot a bullet into his head, which soon put a period to the life of the best
of men, and the most affectionate and dutiful husband, father, son and brother. The sight was so
shocking, that it is impossible for tongue to express any thing like our feelings; but the barbarians,
not in the least touched by our anguish, drove us out of the house, and took every thing that they
could carry off except the negroes who happened to be all from home at the time. It being Sunday,
never were creatures in more distress. We were left in a strange country, naked, without money,
and what was a thousand times worse, we had lost forever a near and dear relation. What added
to our affliction, was the thought of his poor, helpless family left destitute, and it was not in our
power to assist them. I wish his two families were united together, We would be a mutual help
and comfort to each other; but whether it would be best that you should come to us, or that we
should go to you, is out of my power to determine 'till I hear from you. Until then, I shall hire out
my negroes, and go to Salisbury, where we intend to try the milliner's business. If there is good
encouragement for that business with you, please let me know it, as soon as possible. If there is
not, I beg you will come to us; and while I have a sixpence, I will share it with you. We are at
present about tem miles from Salisbury, at Mr James McCay's, where we have made a crop of
corn. We remained only a few days on our own plantation, after the dreadful disaster, having been
informed that Fanning was coming to burn the house and take the negroes. I will write you soon
again, and let you know how we succeed in business, and I pray you will write immediately. Let
me know how you are and whether you will come out or not. If you will not come to us, I will
endeavor to sell out and go to you; for I cannot be happy, "till I see my dear Andrew's beloved wife
and little innocent children, of whom I have often heard him speak with a great deal of pleasure. I
had a letter from my brother John's widow, who is at Charleston. It informs me of my father's death;
and that his will remains in the same way it was when I left home. As it will be of some advantage
to us: I propose going home as soon as circumstances will permit. Tibby joins me in love and
compliments to you, and the dear little remains of our best friend. She will write to you by the first

I am, my dear Eliza, with great sincerity, your affectionate and loving, but distressed sister,

The following letter from Major Tatom to Governor Burke, is both interesting and reliable; it is
appropriate in conexion with the above. It is copied from the communication of Governor Swain to
the University Magazine, for March, 1853; and it confirms, not only the main facts respecting the
murder of Colonel Balfour, but what we have said about the general state of things in that part of
the country, during the period in which the South was the theatre of war. Major Tatom, it appears,
was a member of the House of Commons, from Hillsboro', about the year 1802; and, having died
there, while a member, he was buried in the cemetery of the late Comptroller Goodwin, in the
Raleigh grave yard. The letter is dated,

Hillsboro', March 20th, 1782.

Sir: - - On Sunday the 11th inst., Col. Balfour, of Randolph, was murdered in the most inhuman
manner, by Fanning and his party, also a Captain Bryant and a Mr. King were murdered in the
night of the same day, by them. Colonel Collier's and two other houses were burned by the same
Colonel Balfour's sister and daughter, and several other women, were wounded and abused in a
barbarous manner.
There, sir, are facts. I was at that time in Randolph- -saw the Tories and some of their cruelties.
Without a speedy relief, the good people of that county must leave their habitations, and seek
refuge in some other place.
I am, sir, your o'bt serv't,
A. Tatom.

It is not strange that his friends, especially his widow and sister, should wish to have such a
monster as Fanning, and all his accomplices, brought to punishment; and we have an extract
from another letter of Miss Margaret, to her sister-in-law, as illustrative of the feelings that existed,
and of the course of conduct pursued at that period of civil conflict.

In a letter to Mrs. Balfour, dated June 6th, 1783, a little more than a year after the death of her
brother, she says: "Some time last February, having been informed that my horse was at one
Major Gholson's, I got Mr. John McCoy with me, and we went to the Major's, where we found the
horse, but in such poor condition, that it was with great difficulty that we got him home. However,
he is now so much recruited, that he is fit for a little service. When I was after the horse, I heard
that one of Fanning's men was in Hillsboro' jail; and, as the court commenced on the 1st of April,
I went to Hillsboro', and witnessed against him. The crime was proved so plainly, that not one
lawyer spoke a word in his favor, though he had three of them employed. My story was so affecting,
that the court was willing to give me every satisfaction in their power; and in order to do this, they
broke a little through the usual course, for they had the villain fried, condemned and hung, all in
the space of the court. While the judge was giving the jury their charge, I heard several gentlemen
of my brother's acquaintance wishing to God the jury would not bring him in guilty, that they might
have the pleasure of putting the rascal to death with their own hands; and if the jury had not brought
him in guilty, I am sure they would have killed the wretch before he had got out of the house. If it is
an inexpressible happiness for one to know, that his dear friends are much beloved, we have that
happiness; for I believe, that there has not a man fallen since the beginning of the troubles, who was
more sincerely and generally lamented, than our dear Andrew.

My brother gave the rights of the land that is in the neighborhood of Georgetown to Mr. Randolph
Hays, a gentleman who lives in that town, to dispose of it; but he could not do so at that time.
According to the last accounts, my brother had of him, he was a prisoner in Charlestown; but
since my brother's death, I have seen General Harrington, who tells me that Mr. Hays is now in

My dear Eliza, I am infinitely obliged to you, and I sincerely thank you for your kind and friendly
advice. I shall use every method in my power to drive the horrid scene from my thoughts, as my
life may be of some service, both to my dear Andrew's family, and to the avenging of his innocent
blood. I have not had the pleasure of the letter you wrote in October. The distance between
Salisbury and the plantation, is 42 miles, and 30 between Salisbury and Salem.

I am , my dear Eliza, your sincere friend, and affectionate sister.

Miss Balfour, in the letter just quoted, does not give the name of the man against whom she
witnessed; but we have it in the following extract from the records of the court at which she
attended as a witness. We give the indictment as drawn up by Alfred Moore, the Attorney General;
and then the simple statement that a "true bill" was found. At the same court, some half a dozen
others were tried and condemned, but to notice them here would be foreign to my purpose.

State of North Carolina ) Superior Court of La
Hillsboro' District. ) And Equity, April
Term, 1783
The jurors for the State, upon their oath, present that David Fanning, late of the county of
Chatham, yeoman, and Frederick Smith, late of the county of Cumberland, yeoman, not having
the fear of God in their hearts, but being moved and seduced by the instigation of the devil, on
the ninth day of March, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-two,
and in the sixth year of American Independence, with force and arms, in the county of Randolph,
in the District of Hillsboro', in and upon one Andrew Balfour, in the peace of God, and the said
then and there being, feloniously, wilfully and of their malice aforethought, did make an assault,
and that the said David Fanning, a certain pistol of the value of Five shillings sterling, then and
there charged with gunpowder and one leaden bullet, which pistol, he, the said David, in his right
hand than and there had and held, to, against, and upon the said Andrew Balfour, than and there
feloniously, wilfully , and of his malice aforethought, did shoot and discharge, and that the said
David Fanning, with the leaden bullet aforesaid, out of the pistol aforesaid, then and there, by
force of the gunpowder, shot and sent forth as aforesaid, the aforesaid Andrew Balfour, in and upon
the head of the said Andrew, then and there with the leaden bullet aforesaid,, out of the pistol
aforesaid, by the said David Fanning so as to aforesaid shot, discharged, and sent forth,
feloniously, wilfully, and of his malice aforethought, did strike, penetrate, and wound, giving to the
said Andrew Balfour, then and there, with the leaden bullet aforesaid, so as aforesaid shot,
discharged and sent forth out of the pistol aforesaid, by the said David, in and upon the head of
him the said Andrew, one mortal wound of the depth of four inches and of the breadth of half an
inch, of which said mortal wound, the aforesaid Andrew Balfour then and there instantly died; and
that the aforesaid Frederick Smith, then and there, feloniously, wilfully, and of his malice
aforethought, was present, aiding, helping, abetting, comforting, assisting and maintaining the
said David Fanning, the felonly and murder aforesaid, in manner and form aforesaid, to do and
commit, and so the jurors upon their oath aforesaid, do say, that the said David Fanning and
Frederick Smith, the said Andrew Balfour, then and there in manner and form aforesaid, feloniously,
wilfully, and of their malice aforethought, did kill and murder against the peace and dignity of the
said State.
ALFRED MOORE, Att'y Gen'l.
State )
vs. ) Indictment Murder.
Fred'k Smith. )
Hillsboro' Sup'r Court, April Term, 1783.
Margaret Balfour, )
Stephen Cole. ) Witnesses.
Sworn and sent.
A true bill.
JOHN HOGAN, Foreman.

As the letters of Miss Balfour, though written with great simplicity, and in the freedom and
confidence of private correspondence, describe the deplorable state of things at that period more
feelingly and more vividly than the present writer could possibly do, the reader will no doubt be
gratified to peruse another from the same hand. Mrs. Balfour had written her two letters, the first
of which had not been received, and in the second which had come safe to hand, she had requested
her sister-in-law to relate fully the circumstances of her husband's death. It appears that in writing
this letter, instead of beginning with "My dear sister," as usual, she inadvertently began with "My
dear Madam," and this will explain an expression in the first of Miss Margaret's letter. The first
part of it relates merely to private matters which are unimportant in themselves; but as they were
the consequences of Col. Balfour's death, we give the letter entire.

Salisbury, N. C., August 17th, 1783.

MY DEAR, DEAR SISTER: - - Two days ago I received yours of Oct. 13th. By your changing the
appellation at the top of your letter, I am afraid you imagine that I am indifferent about my dear
brother's family; but I assure you it is one of my greatest afflictions that I can do so little for them.
I wish from my heart you could come home. We might, by our industry, make a decent and
independent living. I have had the negroes hired out this summer; but as they sell very high at
present, I have some thoughts of selling them and going into trade, if you would come and assist
us; for I cannot think that I will ever be happy on the plantation where I have seen so much distress
and misery. Besides, I shall take every opportunity to bring to justice all who had any hand in my
brother's death.

I do not think, therefore, that it would be safe for us to live among their friends, as it is very possible
they would do us some private injury. That there was a time when my dear brother was happy in his
family, I well know; and it was his constant and ardent wish, as well as ours, to have his two families
united. A great deal of pleasure we promised ourselves from this union; but fortune was pleased to
persecute him to the grave.

My dear Eliza, I beg you will not insist on all the particulars of your husband's death, as every
circumstance strikes me like a clap of thunder. I held his dead head in my bosom till a moment
before his death, when the ruffians dragged us from him; and then- -O, Eliza! I can write no more.
I hope and pray that I may see you soon. Then, I will tell you all; for I do not think that it is so
dreadful to repeat as to write, though the repetition of it in court shocked me so much that I was
sick for three weeks. But whatever may be the consequences, I shall attend all courts, and every
place where my presence is necessary, to bring the infernal villains to condign punishment. Dear
sister, it grieves me to the heart that you should be dependent even on your father. It was very far
from my brother's endeavor. Pray, come to us; and by the blessing of God and your assistance,
we may make a comfortable living, and have it in our power to give the dear children a proper
education. Tibby joins in kind compliments to you, to the children and to all friends.

Adieu! My dear Eliza. I remain your affectionate, loving, perplexed sister,

Although the writer of the above letters has avoided any detail of circumstances, and has no doubt
omitted the most cruel and revolting parts of the tragedy, nothing more need be said.

For more information on Colonel Andrew Balfour and his family please visit this site:

This information is contributed by Shirley Weissmann <AshAvenue AT>

BEASLEY, William

Service: North Carolina Rank: Private
Birth: 25 Apr 1762 Craven Co., NC
Death: 26 Sep 1847 Butler Co., KY
Service Source: S*W9352 BLW 51879-160-55
Service Description: 1) Capts. David Roach, John Stevenson
2) Samuel Jones
Residence: Craven Co., NC
Wife: Elizabeth Taylor

This information is contributed by Bev 'n Ern Martin <res8s537 AT

BEASLEY, William

William Beasley Rev. War Service: Pension #W9352 issued 6-6-1833, Pension Roll Vol 3, page 220 (Department of Interior, Revolutionary War Section, Washington, D.C.

As submitted to the presiding Judge of Butler County, by William Beasley, "In order to obtain the benefits of the Acts of Congress passed June 7,1832" State of Kentucky) County of Butler )

On this 8th day of October, 1832, appears in open court, before the open courts of said county, now sitting, William Beasley, a resident of the County of Butler & State of Kentucky, aged 70 years, who first being duly sworn, according to law, doth, in this make the following Declaration in order to obtain the benefits of The Act of Congress passed June 7th, 1832. That he entered the service of the United States under the following named officers and served as herein stated. That he was drafted for 3 months, but can not recall the precise time, but recalls distinctly that he had served two months and 18 days at the time of General Gates Defeat at Camden, South Carolina, that he resided in the State of North Carolina when he was drafted and served under Captain David Roach, who was killed at Camden.Ensign Beasley sp. discharge Beasley. *Note Beesley is original spelling of name. In Col. Benjamin Aksom's regiment, later Col. Leasewell's & Majors Griffin & Nichols. That he rendesvouzed at the Ferry, Neuse River about forty milkes from New Bern and marched to the Deep River and remained there a short time and then marched across the Yadkin River & Rocky River by Blackstock House and the Cheraw Hills, on Peedee River to Camden and joined General Gates about a week before the battle, and remained in the service thereafter, 4 months, having served two months & 18 days before he crossed on the line between North and South Carolina, and served thereafter 3 months including the 18 days that he afterwards served in a Company of 8, under Captain Stevensen and marched to Wilmington and joined Col. R. Richard D. S. (illegible) and continued on march 30 days, 4 of which he had volunteered, after that, he was discharged. February 1781, he enlisted for another four months under Captain S. L. Ives and Ensign Clarks-under command of Col. Benjamin Stiles, and Major Griffen McGee-which he believed was the Continental Service and has always been under that impression, but he was young at the time. *NOTE>William was b. 4-25-1762 & enlisted in February, 1781, prior to his 18th birthday. That he has resided in Craven County, North Carolina, when he entered the service and rendesvouzed at Wilmington. From Wilmington he marched across the Black River and Peedee River and crossed th Santee River at Nelson's Ferry and marched across the head of (illegible) River to P(illegible) Ponds in Carolina that he marched to Ashley River on Bacon Bridge, then down the river to Ashley Hill, within 7 miles of Charleston, where he continued until his service was out, when he marched back to Wilmington, and was discharged there on the (illegible) Ponds , when he joined the army under General Green and marched with him as stated to the place he remained until his time was finished. That he has no documentary evidence- and knows of no person whose testimony he can gather who can testify as to his service- but Joseph Taylor and William Coy of Butler in this state-knows that he was in the service but was not with him. That he was born the 25th day of April, 1762, but has no record of his age, that he continued to live in North Carolina until about 35 years ago (1797), when he moved to Warren County,Kentucky, where he lived about 20 years (1817) and then moved to Butler County in said state, where he now lives. That he is acquainted with Rev. Pharris & Gary & Jacob Smith of his present neighborhood, who can testify as to charachter for honesty and their belief as to his services as soldier of the Revolution.

He hereby relinquishes his every claim whatever to, except pension & declares that his name is not on the pension Rolls of any other state.

Subscribed & Sworn signed (William Beasley made his mark)

**Sources:(Copies of all in my possession) 1.DAR Patriot Index Vol. I p203 2.National Archives Pension #W9352 3.DAR National#710623 4.Marriage Bond dated 2-3-1784, Craven County, North Carolina signed & sealed by Moses Taylor, Father of Bride and William Beasley, Groom 5.1825 Butler County, Kentucky Deed Book"C"Copy page 64,Declaration of assets by William Beasley for Rev War provision by act of Congress dated 3-18-1818, wherein he states "My wife is older than I" He was born 1762 6.Kentucky Roll of Rev War Pensioners,#262195, page 220, Volume 3 7.Department of Interior Bureau of Pension re:#W9352 states "Widow applied @ age 90 in 1851" 8.Application for benefits by Beasley's widow, Elizabeth, dated 1851 @ age 90 9.1820 Butler County, Kentucky Census Elizabeth age 59 10.1850 Butler County, Kentucky Census Elizabeth age 89 11.1856 Declaration By Elizabeth for Wm's Rev War Benefits

Submitted by: Sandra Logan Ingles

BECK, George

George BECK, born 1762 in Pennsylvania, served in the Continental Army in NC, some of service on Yadkin River. Shown in Roster of NC Revolutionary Soldiers, published 1932 by DAR, pp 198-225. He was the son of Davault/Debolt/Daywalt Beck and Catherine ? Beck. They arrived in Philadelphia from Germany on the Phoenix in 1750, settling in Rowan County, NC in 1768. Davault's children were: Jacob, Philip, George, John, Moserine and Catherine.

George BECK took his wife, Elizabeth Claver Beck, and children John and George, Jr. and Andrew to Howard Twp., Washington Co., IN in 1807 where he built the first grist mill in Indiana Territory. He liked to tell about the American Revolution stating, no British bullet could hit him, and they never did. In every engagement he was in, he was always found in the thickest of the fight, and came out unscratched. One occasion the patriots and the British occupied different sides of the Yadkin River, in the Old North State, and George Beck concluded he must capture a prisoner. Pickets were posted by each army along the banks of the stream, and Beck's comrades endeavored to dissuade him from the rash attempt, but to no purpose. He got a canoe, and with some assistance they carried it some distance up the river and launched it. Beck floated gently down the stream in the darkness until he had passed the outlying pickets when he slowly drew near the shore, and landed among some underbrush. Fastening his canoe he stole stealthily up the bank, when he halted, and presently a sentinel passed within a few feet of him making his rounds to see that 'all was well.' As he passed, Beck arose and with a club felled him on the spot, tied and gagged him took him to the canoe and carried him to the American lines. (Printed in the History of Washington County, Indiana records.)
Submitted by: A ggg grandaughter

BELL, Samuel

Samuel BELL served in the Revolutionary War. S6598 NC Line Appl. Aug 31, 1832. Born May 1749 in Surry County, Va. Lived in Sampson County, NC. In 1807 moved to Robeson County, NC. Information in Revolutionary War Pension files Volume I.

Submitted by: Berlie Jane Blanks Barnhill

BILLBERRY, Nathaniel (Belbury, Belbory, Bilbrey)

Nathaniel BILBERRY born 1758 in Edgecomb Co. N.C. died 23 Apr 1836 in Edgecomb Co. N.C. Married about 1790 to Mary ---? Married Nancy COFFIELD 31 Jan 1824 Service: Private in 3rd Regt. then 2nd Regt.N.C. line. Saw service in N.C., VA., NJ., Ny., Was attached to life guard of General George Washington in battles of Brandywine, Valley Forge and Monmouth. Children : 1. Mary, born 26 July 1792, married Redden Bonner 2. Frances, married George Killebrew 3. Will 1815 Tax list some Bilbry orphans living with him
Submitted by: Richard Bilbrey

BIVENS, Robert Nathaniel

b in Union Cnty, NC where he resided as a farmer prior to enlisting in Union County at age 30, September l6, l861. Wounded in the face and/or right leg at Gettsburg, PA, July 3, l863. Returned to duty in Sept-Oct, l863. Reported absent without leave in Sept-Oct, l864. Reported on detached service during Nov, l864-Feb, l865. Surrendered at Appomattox Court House, VA, April 9, l865. Born 3 March, l831 in Monroe, NC. Married Ellen Austin 31 Oct, l850. Died 7 April 1899 in Monroe, NC. Father was Nathaniel BIVENS, Jr. Mother was Margaret JAMES. He had seven brothers who all fought in the Revolution.

Submitted By: Wilma Linder


Timothy BLOODWORTH, Jr was a Delegate, a Representative and a Senator from North Carolina; born in New Hanover Co., NC in 1736; educated at his own expense; was a master of many trades, but subsequently became a teacher; in June 1776 he was employed in making muskets and bayonets for the Continental Army. He was a member of the State house of commons in 1778 and 1779; treasurer of Wilmington District in 1781 and 1782; appointed commissioner of confiscated property in 1783; Member of the Continental Congress from 1786 to August 13 1787 when he resigned; served in the State senate from April 6, 1790 to March 3 1791; member of the State house of representatives in 1793 and 1794; elected to the U.S. Senate and served from 4 Mar 1795 to 3 Mar 1801; collector of customs at Wilmington; He died in Wilmington, NC August 24, 1814. Timothy BLOODWORTH, Jr. was the son of Timothy BLOODWORTH, Sr. of VA and NC and wife Margaret EVANS, daughter of David. Timothy was married to Priscilla and had: 1. Frances Gregg BLOODWORTH b. c1761 md. Thomas DeVANE III 2. John BLOODWORTH, b. c1763 md. Ann DeVANE 3. Ann Jane BLOODWORTH, b. 1765, md. Jeremiah HAND, II 4. Margaret BLOODWORTH b. c1767 md. Rev. Robert TATE 5. Mary BLOODWORTH, b. 1769; d. 24 Jun 1845 unmarried 6. Martha BLOODWORTH b. c1771; d. 17 Feb 1847 unmarried 7. Timothy Wake BLOODWORTH b. 5 Apr 1773; d. 23 Jun 1856 md. Ruth BISHOP
Submitted by: Barbara A. Shore


Daniel BOURDEAUX, 2nd, b. 1745 in New Hanover Co., NC; died before Aug 1815 in New Hanover Co. Married Elizabeth MILLER in New Hanover Co; she was born 1756 and died before 1815.
SERVICE: Minute Man, New Hanover Co., NC
CHILDREN: 1. Colonel Anthony Dehielius md. (1) Margaret DEVANE (2) Priscilla HAND 2. Richard Miller, md. Hannah HENRY 3. John Matchett, b. 1787, md. (1) Thankful HENRY, (2) Theresa COOPER 4. Daniel, b. 26 Jul 1780 md. Hannah HENRY, widow of his brother Richard 5. Eleanor, b. 26 Dec 1781; md. (1) James NEWTON, (2) Warren BLOUNT 6. Priscilla, md. _______EVANS . 7. Moses Treadway, b. 1789-1791 md. Martha Ellen COOPER
Source: Texas R.W Ancestors

Submitted by: Barbara A. Shore

BOWEN, Clifton

Clifton BOWEN served in the NC line as a lieutenant. He was from Duplin Co, NC. He had two sons that also served in the Revolutionary War. He served in the NC militia as a lieutenant in the Duplin County militia. He was honorably discharged in 1781 because of a pulminory ailment that made him too feeble to carry on. He moved with his family to Effingham Co, Ga. between 1785-90. He lived in Bulloch Co until his death in 1806. *Clifton Bowen, RS, (1735-1806) was the son of Clifton Bowen (1700) who was the son of Samuel Bowen. *Source: ancestral file from William Ayres of Salem, NJ.
Submitted by Frances Daly.

BOWEN, Stephen

served in the Revolutionary War from Duplin Co, NC. He was born June 1757. He served as a Private in the company commanded by Captain Sharpe of the regiment commanded by Çolonel Armstrong in the NC line from September 1778 to August 1780. He rose to the rank of Sargeant and served in the 5th Regiment under Lt Curtis Ivy. In May 1780, while on furlough, he married Rachel Hysmith, daughter of Daniel and Abegail Hysmith (Highsmith). They moved to Ga. after the War. In Georgia Stephen Bowen received a pension of $77.44 semi-annually according to Georgia Pension Record Cert. #19658. After his death, Rachel Hysmith Bowen #5044 received $80 per annum.

Submitted by Frances Daly


Levi Branton, sometimes spelled as Levy was born about 1750 in England, VA or Washington Township, Beaufort County, North Carolina. His actual death date is unknown but it is thought to be in 1791 based on "A list of deceased Officers and Soldiers on whose Estates were granted in Beaufort County, NC (source: General Assembly Records Nov 1792-Jan 1973, Box 4, folder Misc). Levi's wife first name was Eli and she was born about 1754 in the same area. She died about 1814 in Pitt county, North Carolina. They were married about 1774 in Pitt county and had two boys. The oldest was named John thought to born about 1773. John died without issue at the age of 15 or 16. Uriah Branton, was born in 1775 in Washington Township, Beaufort County. In 1791, a bond was issued making wards of John and Uriah. Their guardian was James Williams. (Ref: Beaufort Co, NC Guardian Records, CRX series)

Levi's father is thought to be Samuel Branton, although there is no firm evidence at this time. Information in the Beaufort and Craven Counties Colonial papers seem to indicate they were related. Their earliest mention in North Carolina records occurred on 13 December 1773 when Levi and Eli were debtors of Colonel John McGee who died this date in Orange county, North Carolina (Ref: NCGSJ of 1975). Levi was a farmer until he went into military service in the North Carolina Revolutionary Army. He enlisted for eighteen months as a private in Colonel Abraham Shepard's Tenth Regiment, Bradley's company. He was paid 57 pounds, 2 shillings and 2 pence for service through 2 Dec 1780 (about $286)(Ref: NC Colonial records 1783,1882; NC Secretary of State, Treasures and Comptroller papers, V1,V2, part II, pg 286).

The nephew of Stephen Owens, age 51 stated under oath in 1820 in Beaufort County, he remembered Levi coming to his father's house in Beaufort County, North Carolina and enlisting under his Uncle Stephen Owens who was a recruiting officer of the Continental Line. He also stated that Levi had died while in service but this does not appear to be accurate based on later papers (Ref: Folder 325 in NC Archives). Levi is also shown on a document of a return of men raised in Beaufort Co, 1 Jul 1779 by Thomas Bonner, Col. (Ref: Beaufort Co, NC Genealogical Society Journal, Vol 2, Dec 1990, Nr 2, pg 14)

On 1 January 1782, Levi was given pay vouchers from the Hillsborough District for arrears of pay prior to this date for soldiers in the Continental Line.(Ref: GR 973.3456, pg 223). The voucher form was: By virtue of the authority vested in us by an act of the General Assembly, passed at New Bern, we hereby certify that the State of North Carolina is indebted to Levi Branton, private soldier in the Continental Line of said state, the sum of 20 pounds, 2 shillings and 8 pence, specie with interest (about $101) from the first day of August 1783 as appears by vouchers lodged in this office. Hillsborough, 1 May 1792 By order:___Clerk___District___Auditors___ If anyone can provide additional information as to Levi & Eli or parents of Levi Branton or other Branton's, contact LeRoy Branton

BRITNELL, (Britnal, Britnall) James

ames BRITNELL, 9th Regiment, First NC Bn. Enlisted March 28, 1777, listed on roll of Lt. Col. MEBANE's Company, 1st NC Bn., commanded by Col. Thomas CLARK as of 8 Sep. 1778. James BRITNELL was born in Fairfield Dist. South Carolina, probably in 1765, as the 1810 census lists him as being 45 yrs old. His father probably was named Peter, born about 1735, also in Fairfield District, SC. Very little additional information is available on James BRITNELL. He returned to SC after the war. The 1790 census shows him in Cherway District, SC, where he was married. (spouse name unknown) He had three children: John, born in South Carolina, and died in Alabama; Joseph Fletcher, born in South Carolina, died in Alabama; and Pamelia (Adolish), married Thomas W. Saint, jr. in South Carolina. James Britnell received a land grant, probably in Summit County, NC, but apparently sold the grant and returned to South Carolina. His descendents can be found in Alabama around Marion County; east Texas; and Louisiana.
Submitted by Bob Britnell, gggg grandson


John Campbell, wife Euphemia, served in the NC Line, widow applied Sept. 26, 1843 in Montgomery County aged 80, married in February 1781 in Bladen County, NC (soldier 31 at the time) and in 1805 moved to Montgomery County and soldier died in January 1821 John Campbell, born c. 1750, Revolutionary War Soldier

Submitted by Ann Horne <ahorne@quix.net07> Jan 1999

John Campbell, b. c. 1750, (possibly Bladen County), NC, married Euphemia Campbell (1763-1848) in 1781 in Bladen County (Marriage Bond). The story of his service in the American Revolution came from repeated applications for a pension by his wife and children. Pension file #18860 reads:
John Campbell, wife Euphemia, served in the NC Line, widow applied Sept. 26, 1843 in Montgomery County aged 80, married in February 1781 in Bladen County, NC (soldier 31 at the time) and in 1805 moved to Montgomery County and soldier died in January 1821.
Soldier and wife's marriage bond was signed by John Campbell Sr. and soldier John Campbell Jr. and widow was called Effey Campbell. Their children were:
Daniel, born Feb. 16, 1782 (m. Jane Downie);
Catherine, born Nov. 25, 1787 (m. Malcolm Downie);
Mary, born Mary 4, 1786;
John born Sept. 30, 1790;
Anges (sic--Angus?) born Jan. 24, 1793;
Euphamy, born June 28, 1785 (m. Angus Martin Jr.);
Archibald born March 20, 1798 (m. Nancy____);
and Ann, born Aug. 3, 1804 (m. ____McCaskill).

Pay vouchers of John Campbell in the NC Archives, Raleigh are #168, 25 Feb. 1780; 3824, 12 August 1783; 4224, 27 Aug 1783; #4369, 27 Aug 1783; and 4123, 16 May 1784.

In her petition for pension in 1837, Euphemia (Campbell) Campbell stated to the judge (printed as in the original): "that she was married to John Campbell who was taken of in the servis of these United states She think in the year 1781 she think was first caried tourming (sic) town SC and from that to Charls town S.C. she is very weak in body and mind but she think that he was in the army of the united states nine months at that time she further declars that she was married to the said John Campbell sum time in the spring of 1781 that her husband the afordsaid John Campbell died sum time in the month of January 1821. . ."
Additional information on descendants, Bible records, etc. are in "Descendants of Jeremiah Mitchell & Allied Families," Ann Mitchell Horne, 1994, in various NC libraries. "Allied Families" include Campbell and Downie families.


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