Nash County: Mixed Race and African American Surnames, 1860

UNITED STATES CENSUS OF 1860, NASH COUNTY, NC:

THE AFRICAN AMERICAN AND MIXED RACE POPULATION

FOR WHOM THEIR FULL NAMES ARE LISTED BY CENSUS TAKERS.

Researched, Formatted and Posted by:  Earl P. Bell, Jr.

Posted: 3 June 2010

In United States Census of 1860 for Nash County, North Carolina, the mixed race people living in the county are identified as “mulatto.” In the list below, if the race of a person is not provided, with their name, this confirms that they were recorded in the 1860 census as a “mulatto.”  Also, all the people listed below were born in North Carolina.  Further, when males and females have obvious first names indicating gender, specification of such is not provided.  Listed names that might not clearly convey a person’s gender will be followed by the gender specification recorded by the census taker.

All African Americans are identified as “Black” in the census.  In this file, surnames are in caps and bolded.  In the frequent cases where an individual or two appear in a household without their extended family, they are usually working for someone, most often a white farmer.  Please note, the decision to classify an individual as black or mulatto in the 1860 census rests exclusively on the judgment of the census takers in the various townships of Nash County.  Thus, the process is no better or worse than their judgment.  Wise family researchers will compare data for several censuses to ascertain the accuracy of such classifications.

In the 1860 Slave Schedules for Nash County, 4684 people are identified as a slave.  Of this number, the male population, in the county, was 2272 and the female population was 2412.  Also, 306 mixed race people are listed as slaves.  Thus, 4378 people are identified as “black.”  Since all slaves under the law were property, they were bought and sold as such.  In fact, beyond the sales among individuals, there was a substantial number of them who were bought and sold at public auctions in slave markets.  The largest slave market in the South was in New Orleans.

In the Slave Schedules in the United States Census of 1860 for Nash County, the appearance of mixed race people in the various townships is decidedly uneven.  For example, the number is relatively high in proportion to the larger population in Arringtons, Collins and Mannings Townships while low in Coopers, Dortches, and Winsteads.

The United States Census of 1860 for Nash County, not the Slave Schedules records the full names of five hundred twenty-five mixed race people and ninety African Americans.  They are listed below by their full names and geographic area in which they lived.  It was not until after the Civil War in the United States Census of 1870 that all people of mixed race and African American ancestry are recorded with a first name and a surname.  Again, in 1860, only 525 people of mixed race ancestry and 90 of African American ancestry are listed with their full names.

NASH COUNTY SLAVES LISTED IN THE 1860 SLAVE SCHEDULES BY TOWNSHIP:

* Arringtons Township

1280 slaves (of this number 98 were mixed race slaves)

629 males

651 females

* Collins Township

960 slaves (of this number 67 were mixed race slaves)

467 males

493 females

* Coopers Township

320 slaves (of this number 20 were mixed race slaves)

151 males

169 females

* Dortches Township

240 slaves (of this number 6 were mixed race slaves)

121 males

119 females

* Mannings Township

323 slaves (of this number 24 were mixed race slaves)

154 males

169 females

* Ricks

841 slaves (of this number 47 were mixed race slaves)

409 males

432 females

* Sullivants Township

480 slaves (of this number 35 were mixed race slaves)

220 males

260 females

Winsteads Township

240 slaves (of this number 9 were mixed race slaves)

121 males

119 females

Total Slaves:  4684 slaves (of this number 306 were mixed race slaves)

2272 males

2412 females

MIXED RACE SURNAMES IN NASH COUNTY, NC AS LISTED IN THE UNITED STATES CENSUS OF 1860

ALLEN [15], ANDERSON [8], BAKER [1], BOON [12], BOOTH [3], BRASWELL [1], BRANTLY [1], DAYLES [2], DEANS [1], DICKENS [2], DUNCE [2], ETHERIDGE [1], EVANS [5], GODRICK [1], HAGANS/HAGINS [3], HAWKINS [7], HENDRICK[1], HOWARD [25], JOYNER, JONES/JANES [7], LOCUS [145], LEWIS [5], LINCH/LYNCH [1], MILLS [11], MITCHELL [10], MOBLEY [4], MORGAN [8], MURPHEY/MUFPHRA [4], NUCKELS [1], PACE [1], PARMER/PARNIER [2], PEARSON [1], PETTIFORD [17], POWELL [9], PULLEY [14], REVELL [6], RICHARDSON [40], SPEARS [2], TABRON/TAYBRONE/TABORN  [65], TAYLOR [8], TONY [5], TUCKER [2], VAUGHN [3], VICK [3], WIGGINS [10], WILKINS/WILKENS [50], WOODROUGH/WOODRUFF [2]

MIXED RACE FAMILIES IN NASH COUNTY IN 1860 IN ORDER OF PEOPLE DOCUMENTED:

LOCUS – 145

TABORN – 65

WILKINS – 50

RICHARDSON – 40

HOWARD – 25

PETTIFORD – 17

ALLEN – 15

PULLEY – 14

MILLS – 11

WIGGINS – 10

MITCHELL – 10

POWELL – 9

NUMBER OF MIXED RACE PEOPLE FOR WHOM SURNAMES ARE LISTED IN NASH COUNTY IN THE UNITED STATES CENSUS OF 1860:  525

AFRICAN AMERICAN SURNAMES IN NASH COUNTY AS LISTED IN THE UNITED STATES CENSUS OF 1860

DEANS [2], DUNCE [2], EVANS [1], HAGINS/HAGANS [2], HOWARD [2], JANES/JONES [20], LOCUS [41], MORGAN [3], MURPHY/MURPHRA [5], PULLEY [1], SPEARS [1], VAUGHN [2], WILKINS [10].

NUMBER OF AFRICAN AMERICANS FOR WHOM SURNAMES ARE LISTED IN NASH COUNTY IN UNITED STATES CENSUS OF1860: 93

LOCUS – 41

JONES – 20

WILKINS – 10

ARRINGTONS DISTRICT

POST OFFICE:  HILLIARDSTON

974

JANES

Moses -25-black

1034

VAUGHN

Mary-40

Cornelia-14-female

Robert-10

John-8-black

Washington-8-black

LOCUS

Henry-20-black

1042

DAYLES

Henry-46

Mariah K-46

1049

DICKENS

Mary-20

1071

GODRICK

Nancy-7

BAILEYS DISTRICT

POST OFFICE: STONEY HILL

256

MORGAN

Robert-40

Cealy-50-female

283

LOCUS

Allen-8-black

298

HOWARD

Mourning-49-female

Harriet-10

Henry-6

Emma-3

299

TABORN, spelled “Tabone” (1870) & “Taybrone (1880)

Larkin-22-male

300

TABORN

Higey-33-female

Hulda-28-female

Wesley-13

Gilliam-10-male

Jatty-8-male

Irvin-5

Alsey-2-male

301

TABORN

Caleb-65

Susan-60

Aquilla-30-female

Martha-25

Sallie-21

Willie-10/12

Mary J.-1/12

302

TABORN

Orren-26-male

Rebecca-25

Catharine-2

Susan F. – 2/12

303

LOCUS

John-60

Nancy-51

Equitta-28-female

John-21

Neverson-19

Cytha-15

Sparling-13-male

Nancy E.-12

Wealtha-9-female

James-4

Polly-2

Eliza-1/12

308

LOCUS

Elizabeth-1

309

WILKINS

Jackey-13-female

313

LOCUS

James-3

Jonas-2

ENDS STONEY CREEK AS THE POST OFFICE;  POST OFFICE: STANHOPE BEGINS [STILL BAILEYS TOWNSHIP]

328

BOON

Elizabeth-35

329

BOON

Harriet-40

Crenshaw-13

Jackson-10

Deliah M.-8

Sarah-6

Amanda-4

Martha-3

Jethro-4/12

330

PACE

Edward-46

331

HAGAINS

Mary-30

HOWARD

Henderson-21

335

BOON,

Thambers-1/12-male

336

BOON

William-70

Fanny-69

341

POWELL

David

343

LOCUS

Izekiel-44

Jane-30

Eveline-7-female

Robert-5

Irvin-

Marcilla-10/12

344

TABORN

Gilliam-42

Jane-30

COLLINS DISTRICT

POST OFFICE: Hilliardston

769

JONES

Matthew-45-black

Elizabeth-30-black

Henetta-13-F-black

Benjamin-11-black

Samuel-9-black

Willie T.-8-black

Elizabeth-5-black

770

LOCUS

Stepehn-32

Rebecca-24

805

RICHARDSON

Hardy-27

Mary-25

Sally-3

Lawrence-1

ENDS:  HILLIARSTON POST OFFICE; BEGINS:  CASTALIA POST OFFICE

816

RICHARDSON

Benjamin-24

835

WILKINS

John-52

Sally-42

Charity-15

Matthew J.-13

Jordan-10

Crawford-10

Lucinda-8

Harriet-7

William D.-4

James R.-10/12

ENDS POST OFFICE: CASTALIA; BEGINS:  HILLIARDSTON

877

WILKINS

John-30

Mary-23

Allice-2-female

Harriet-1

883

RICHARDSON

Cofield-41

889

LINCH

Henry-18

919

JONES

Nancy-55-black

923

LOCUS

Spencer-13

ENDS POST OFFICE:  HILLIARSTON; BEGINS: NASHVILLE

927

RICHARDSON

Thomas-23

Benjamin-23

COOPERS DISTRICT

POST OFFICE AT: NASHVILLE

478

LOCUS

Waity-30-female-black

Theophlius-8-male-black

Henry-5-black

Redick-3-male-black

513

LOCUST

Chordy-26-male

Jinsey-24-female

William-2

John-1/12

515

MILLS

Leroy-10

521

LOCUS

Drummon-65-male-black

Kisiah-55-female-black

Nancy-35-black

Christian-23-black

Vincient-20-black

Mimy-17-female-black

Priscilla-7/12-black

522

BAKER

James-18

524

LOCUS

Nancy-30-black

Jason-5-black

Berry-2-black

533

LOCUS

Mourning-50

534

Parmer

Mary Ann-9

537

REVELL

William-47

Rebecca-31

William H.-9

Martha F.-7

John J.-4

Nancy F.-1

540

LOCUS

Berry-65

Beaddy-60-female

Hepsey-23-female

558

LOCUS

Elbert-24-black

559

BOOTH

Redmond J.-29

Hannah-60

William-27

TOWN OF NASHVILLE

POST OFFICE AT: NASHVILLE

1292

TUCKER

Amanda-30

1296

JONES

Nancy-50-black

1297

LOCUS

Nancy-50

Ury-70-female

Joanna-18

1298

JONES

Benjamin-60-black

Adaline-21-female

Georgana-1-female

Susan-2/12

DORTCHES DISTRICT

POST OFFICE AT: ROCKY MOUNT

1154

LOCUS

Charity-48-female-black

Mary-18-female-black

1155

SPEARS

Menga-23-male

Selvy-65-female

Lucy-8-black

1156

JONES

Vilet-55-female-black

Henretta-18-female-black

Henretta-8-female

Pearce-18-male-black

1159

LOCUS

Fannie-5-female-black

WILKINS

William-38

Violet-41-black

Isham-21

LOCUS

Azariah-8

1153

JONES

George-2-black

Mourning-9-female-black

Martha-12-black

1169

HOWARD

Rickey W.-7

1177

JONES

Amos-23

Rody-55-female-black

John W.-20-black

Alexander-14

Elizabeth-12

RICKS DISTRICT

POST OFFICE AT: NASHVILLE

1084

JOYNER

Eli-15-male

Hyman-13-male

Jesse-11

Pattie-0

Melbry-4/12-female

1087

MUFPHRA

Martha-39

Joanniah-13

William-15-black

Mary-11-black

Vandue-9-male

Nicholas-7-black

John R.-4-black

Julia-1-female-black

1088

ETHRIDGE

Polly A.-4

1109

ALLEN

John B.-40

MANNINGS TOWNSHIP

POST OFFICE: SPRING HOPE

561

PETTIFORD

Brid – 60 – male

Rhoda – 52

Margaret – 24

Mary – 18

Sarah – 16

John  – 14

William – 12

Bud D. -  10

Rhoda -  8

Maharry – 7 – male

562

WILKINS

Annis  – 48 – female

Victorie – 14 – female

Frances – 6

Henry – 18

563

HAWKINS

David – 40

Susan – 35

Isadore – 8 – female

Susan – 7

Jane – 6

William – 4

Sarah – 8/12

568

RICHARDSON

Gideon  – 60

Lizzy – 40

Susan – 16

HOWARD, George – 7

569

RICHARDSON

Peter – 40

Mary – 15

Haywood – 1

570

RICHARDSON

Presley – 28 – male

Rhoda – 23

Peggy Ann -  4

Jno – 2

Tilda Jane – 10/12

575

RICHARDSON

Littleton  – 30

Oliph – 22 – female

Cam G – 5

Gideon – 3

588

PITTEFORD

William  – 12

Sarah – 17

591

WILKINS

Debro – 14

Thomas – 12

595

MILLS

Jensey  – 34 – female

596

MILLS

Joshua – 65

Nancy – 55

597

ANDERSON

Matthew – 28

Lucy – 23

Lousianna  – 3 – female

Sephrona – 2 – female

Mary – 1/12

598

LOCUS

David – 76 – born about 1784

600

LOCUS

Kinchen  – 45

Susan – 45

Elizabeth – 20

Mary – 6/12

ALLEN, Peart  – 22  – male

606

WILKINS

John  – 16

END OF POST OFFICE AT: SPRING HOPE; BEGINNING OF POST OFFICE AT:  PEACHTREE GROVE

627

RICHARDSON

Archibald  – 31

628

PITTEFORD

Calvin – 29

Winiford – 38

Luton – 6 – Male

Sampson – 3

Munroe – 2 – male

629

RICHARDSON

Robert – 30

Jinkins – 17 – female

Peyton – 2

Mary A – 3/12

632

VICK

James -  26

Margaret H  – 1

END OF POST OFFICE AT:  PEACHTREE GROVE; BEGINNING OF POST OFFICE AT: NASHVILLE

647

RICHARDSON

Anny – 45  – female

Ann – 12

Gideon – 10

Saml R – 13

648

RICHARDSON

Cofield – 24

Jane – 20

Bennett – 21

Martha – 1

663

ALLEN

Silas  -  49

Nicey – 47 – female

Jasper N – 21

Nervey – 14 – female

Evritt – 14 -Male

Mary- 13

Neverson -12

Thena – 8 – female

666

LOCUS

Semore  – 15 – male

Sythe – 14 – male

677

HOWARD

Riley  – 30

Abselly – 28 – female

Lunsford – 3

Rufus – 1

679

HOWARD

William  – 11

682

LOCUS

Fanny – 10 – black

688

TABORN

William  – 30

BRASWELL, Hansel – 60

END OF POST OFFICE AT:  NASHVILLE – BEGINNING OF POST OFFICE AT: SPRING HOPE.

697

LOCUS

Richard  – 35

Elizabeth – 24

William J – 7

Frances E – 4

Julia A – 3

John E – 1

698

EVANS

Ivey – 23

Sally – 28

HOWARD, Gilbert – 20

702

HENDRICK

Writ  – 35 – male

Elizabeth – 23

Henderson – 8

Emily – 6

John – 3

Henton – 1

704

WILKINS

Jarrot – 12

706

MOBLEY

Meacum  – 25  – male

Matilda – 20

Frances – 3

707

LOCUS

Willie – 38

PULLEY, Waney – 40

708

LOCUS

Hilliard  – 38

Icy Ann – 1

WILKINS

Henry – 40

Elizabeth – 34

Sitha A H – 19 – female

Rogetta – 18 – female

John C – 15

George A – 13

Rian E – 12 – female

Ferny – 1 – male

710

WILKINS

Jarrot – 65  – male

Susan – 32

Sarah – 14

Mary – 12

Evan – 11

Elizabeth – 6

Susan – 9/12

715

PITTEFORD

Archibald  – 32

Elizabeth – 30

Smith- 5

Avery – 4

Nicholas – 10/12

723

MILLS

David  – 37

Jane 34

William J – 12

Frances – 10

Julia – 8

Amanda – 6

Lahary – 3 – female

Minger – 2 – male

732

MITCHELL

John – 30

Mary – 25

Martha – 11

Mary Ann – 8

Linda A – 5

Sally Ann – 9/12

VICK, Margaret – 1

737

WILKINS

Dock – 18 – male

Lucy – 50

Martha – 16

Mary J – 13

742

DUNCE

Turner-17-male-black

Samuel-15-male-black

SULLIVANTS DISTRICT

P. O. STANHOPE

1

STRICKLAND, C. B.-32-Male-White-Farmer-$1500-$4500-NC

LOCUS

Piety-26-female-black

William-3-male-black

2

TABRON

Ricky – 35 – male

Julia Ann – 24

3

TABRON

Edwin – 38

Polly – 37

Wealthey  17- female

Henderson – 16

Mary Ann – 14

Caroline – 12

Deliah  -10 – female

Martha Ann – 8

Mahalia – 4

Madora – 1

4

TABORN

Larkin – 60

Levenia – 20 – female

5

JONES

Willie – 37

Pennie-30 – female

Marion -7 – male

Willie- 4

Jency A M – 3 – female

11

ANDERSON

Dennis – 30

Sally – 30

Alexander – 3

18

EVANS

Jefferson – 6

19

EVANS

George – 24

22

MORGAN

Creasy  – 60 -female

Jane C – 30

Rackanah – 20 – female

Ailsey – 10 – female

29

TABRON

Charlotta  – 60  -  female

Sevly – 30 – female

Susenda – 26 – female

Jane – 24

Maro  – 21 – male

Mary M. – 2

38

ALLEN

Cealy – 50  – female

Duncan – 15

Betsey – 70

42

PARNIER

Amanuel  – 44

47

PALLEY

John  – 50

Cintha – 55 – female

Bolen – 21 – male

Betsey  – 75

49

MITCHELL

Asberry  – 65

Roena – 42 – female

52

WILKINS

John  – 30

Atsey – 22 – female

Spencer – 5

Harriet – 4

Kisiah  – 2  – female

Amanda – 1

53

LOCUS

George – 33

Betsey – 25

William – 11

James – 9

Irvin – 7

Appie – 5

Bethany – 2

Lucy – 8/12

54

TONY

John – 42

Harriet – 40

Hilliard – 16

Joseph – 14

Daniel – 12

57

ALLEN

Zelpha  – 60 – female

Middy Ann – 22

62

WILKINS

Edwin  – 25 – black

Sally – 23 –female – black

Jno – 4 – black

Patsey – 1 black

DUNCE

George – 12

Martha Ann – 15

80

LOCUS

Bethany – 21

84

JONES

Leatha – 16 – female

George W. – 7

89

MORGAN

Ishmell  – 17 – male – black

William – 13

LOCUS

Rebecca – 40

Ephraim – 4

112

TABORN

Benjamin – 36

Winney – 32 – female

Frances H – 8

Benjamin S – 5

Deliah May  – 3 – female

Indiana – 2 – female

120

MORGAN

Burlin – 6 – female – black

127

TABRON

Willie  – 45

Nancy – 40

Adaline – 19

Burline – 17

Harriet  – 13

128

TABRON

Peart – 32 – male

Viney  28 – female

Malvina – 7 – female

Temperance  – 5

Matthew – 3

129

PULLEY

Augustine – 22 – male

Hiland – 25 – female

William – 5/12

MOBLEY, Martha – 7

PULLEY, Starkey – 45

Julia – 40

Middy Ann – 23 – female

Narcissa – 13 – female

Leving T – 1 – male

WOODROUGH, Mary – 14

Julia Ann – 9

MORGAN,  Willie R – 9

HAGANS, George – 6

134

LOCUS

Richard  – 10

136

WIGGINS

Benjamin  – 36

Delany – 37 – female

Malovely – 18 – female

Ezekiel – 16

Samantha – 14 – female

Judger – 12  – male

Azariah – 10 – male

Ananias – 8 – male

Porris – 8 – male

Ozes – 5 – male

151

EVANS

William  – 7  – black

160

LOCUS

Rebecca J  – 15

186

PULLEY

James  – 30

Hannah – 28 – black

LOCUS – Benjamin – 17 – black

HAGINS – Anna – 30 – female – black

Mayo – 16 – female – black

197

TABORN

Alison  – 18

200

HOWARD

Willy  – 10

209

EVANS

Williard  – 7

213

LEWIS

Elizabeth B  – 12

Penroy J – 5 – female

John – 3

Madora – 1 – female

220

LOCUS

Mary J – 5

Willie  – 35

Caroline – 27

Victora – 3/12

Arthur  – 35

Eliza – 26

Vincient – 8 – male

Henry – 7

Elizabeth – 5

Cornelia – 2 – female

Sabana H – 1 – female

Priscilla – 23 – female

222

LEWIS

Gilbert- 40

216

HAWARD

Margaret  – 10

237

LOCUS

Eliza  – 12

239

MORGAN

Martha  – 43 – black

HORWARD

Vergin  – 24 – male

253

LOCUS

Evaline  – 18 – black

William – 16 – black

Rachael – 14 – black

Daniel – 10 – black

WINSTEADS TOWNSHIP

POST OFFICE:  SUNNY SIDE

347

TAYLOR

Dempey-46 -male

Liza-44

Margaret A. W.-14

Delphia A.-10-female

Rildy A. R.-8-female

Joel R.-6

349

HOWARD

Timothy-59

351

PEARSON

Sarah Taylor-12

360

HOWARD

Boson H.-15-male

Mary-20

Elizabeth-1

361

TABORN

Orren-25-male

Rebecca-24

Mary- 2

Caleb – 2/12

END OF POST OFFICE AT: SUNNY SIDE – BEGIN: POST OFFICE AT:  JOYNER’S DEPOT

364

POWELL

Stephen-50

Cyntha-45

Grey-21

Dollerson-17-male

Queenanah-13-female

Crocket-12-male

Matchum-10-male

Frances-8-female

368

LOCUS

Ganes -23-male-black

369

DEANS

Jno-79 -male-black

Sophia -49-female

LOCUS

Wright-19-male-black

370

DEANS

George-36

LOCUS

Lucy-25-black-female

Masan-6-black-male

Julia-3

Mahalia-2-female

371

LOCUS

Penny-30

Winnie-19-female

Guilford-18-black-male

372

HOWARD

Betsey-25

HAGANS

Mary – 25

HOWARD

Polly – 50

William- 15

Jno – 14

Burton – 18

Noel – 10

Dilsy – 5 – female

374

LOCUS

Ivey – 35 – male

Piety – 29

Henry – 10

Guilford – 8

Litha – 6 – female

Ivey – 4

Classey – 2 – female

END OF POST OFFICE AT JOYNER’S DEPOT – BEGINNING OF POST OFFICE AT: STANHOPE

381

Brantly

Polly  – 23

END OF POST OFFICE AT STANHOPE – RESUME POST OFFICE AT: JOYNER’S DEPOT

384

LOCUS

Nancy  – 68

387

LOCUS

Benjamin  – 39

Quincy – 41

Eliza H – 19

Elizabeth – 12

Kate – 10

Jno – 8

Sallie  – 6

388

LOCUS

Bryant – 30

Liley – 60

Louisa – 6

Zelly – 4

389

LOCUS

Burton – 25 – black

Charity – 24 – black

Elizabeth – 4 – black

Archey B – 2- black

390

WILKINS

Lewis – 40- black

Mary – 25 – black

Dora Ann – 5 – black

Willey  – 4 – black – female

Emley – 2 – black- female

391

LOCUS

Algood – 23 – male- black

Lizzy – 25 black

Jane – 10 black

Larkin J – 9 – black

Manda – 4 – black-female

392

TAYLOR

Kinchen – 45

Sarah – 40

402

HOWARD

Sallie  – 35

Charles G – 6 – black

Jams – 15 – male

406

LOCUS

Jackey Ann  – 16

417

LOCUS

Abb – 18 – male

MURPHEY

William – 13

418

LOCUS

Robbin  – 12

436

LOCUS

Malvina  – 17 – female

437

LOCUS

Zady – 60 – black – female

NUCKELS

Henry – 50

LOCUS

Livey Ann – 20

438

LOCUS

Vina-50

440

TABORN

Ruffin  – 12

Leacy L – 10

441

LOCUS

Delany – 43 – female

Nathan – 20

TOWN OF NASHVILLE

P. O. : NASHVILLE

1292

TUCKER

Amanda  – 30

1296

JONES

Nancy  – 50 – black

1297

LOCUS

Nancy – 50

Ury – 70 – female

Joanna – 18

1298

JONES

Benjamin – 60 – black

Adaline – 21 – female

Georganna – 1

Susan – 2/12