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Slaves, Free Blacks and People of Color

Bits and Pieces of information about Slaves, Free Blacks and People of Color
have been assembled here for those of searching for their ancestral histories.
This stuff is hard to find, but we have put it closer to the top of the list of things we want to do.
If anyone would like to share their info with us, we would be most happy
to post it, and give you a link to your page or e-mail.

Visit: Plantations of North Carolina



Schaefers, begins: "KINGSLAND -- Deep in the woods off U.S. 17,
at the end of a winding dirt road where the vast Berne
Plantation once stood, passers-by will find a peaceful clearing
with more than 1,000 graves -- some marked with homemade mortar
headstones, others with simple white wooden crosses. Bright
green wisps of grass dot the landscape as if the graves were
recently dug, but the last burial in the Holzendorf cemetery was
in 1939. The grass was planted just weeks ago by the Camden
County Sheriff's Office as part of a huge cemetery cleanup
project." For the full story, see

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Typical slave cabin.

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There has been a lot of discussion of “What makes a race” I copied the
following several years ago from an old issue of “The Protector” A newspaper
that was published in the late 1800’s in Plaquemines Parish, Louisiana.

People with Black blood are called:

SACATRO - Negro & Griffe - 87.5 Black blood

GRIFFE - Negro & Mulatto - 75% Black blood

MARABON - Mulatto & Griffe - 62.5 Black blood

MULATTO - Negro & White - 50 % Black Blood

OS ROUGE - Negro & Indian - 50 % Black blood

TIERCERON - Mulatto & Quadroon - 37.5 Black blood

QUADROON - White & Mulatto - 25% Black blood

OCTAROON - White & Quadroon - 12.5% Black blood

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Records of Births and Deaths Taken from Family Bibles in Moore County

Mariah March 2, 1851
Deley May, 22 1853
Jefferson (Son of Dicy Ann) May 22, 1857
Thomas Marshall (Son of Jane) January 17, 1859
Edmon (Son of Jane) July, 3 1864

Above from Bible of Matthew Carpenter and Jane _________ ?.

Charlotte Reives May 25, 1901
Charlotte Reives Williams September 2, 1980

From the Bible of William Harrison Foushee and Margaret H. ______?.

Penny                     May, 21 1826
Tabitha                   Feb 20, 1828
Liddy (Twin)         Apr 5, 1830
Jack (Twin)            Apr 5, 1830
Lucy                         Jul 24, 1832
Jin                             Oct 26,1834
Mary                         Nov 22, 1836
David (Twin)          January 7, 1836
Martha (Twin)        Jan 7, 1836
Harrison                   Apr 9, 1841
Manuel                     Jan 30, 1843
Caroline                    Sep 22, 1844
Nelly                         Nov 28, 1845
Marten                      Jan 30,1846
Amanda                    Jun 15, 1848
Emaline                     Jan 20, 1850
Alvin                         Mar 2, 1850
Mahalia                     Apr 15, 1850
Henry                       Feb 5, 1853
Jery                           Feb 16, 1853
Eleck                         Dec 16, 1853
Peter                         Apr 19, 1855
Florah                       Nov 7, 1855

Bible of Malcolm Shaw and Barbara McLean

Mary                    1773
Jenny                   1773
Lucy                     1785
Sam                       1793
Mar                       1790
Phill                       Dec 1799
David                    1794
Betsy                    1799
Sirara                    Dec 1802
Essie                     Feb 1805
Wiley                    Jan 1810
Basil                      Mar 1804
Nelson                  Dec 1808
Chloe                    1809
Archey                 1810
Sarah                     Nov 1811
Clara                      Jul 1812
Miralla                  Dec 1814
Greenock             Feb 1818
Allen                     Aug 1819
Dave                     Mar 1821
Ann                       Jan 1818
Mary                     Apr 1820
Fredrick                Mar 1821
Jim                        1792

From unknown Bible

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About the Emancipation Proclamation

Everyone has heard about the Emancipation Proclamation. Most of us, however, don't have a clear picture ofthe relationship between the Emancipation Proclamation and the ending of slavery in the United States.
The Emancipation Proclamation was issued by President Lincoln on 1 January 1863 as part of an ultimatum to the Confederated states to rejoin the Union. The Proclamation declared that slaves in any state in rebellion against the Union (precisely those places where the Union could not then enforce its rule) would be free.
The Proclamation did not apply to any of the states then in the Union, where slavery
continued to exist. What the Emancipation Proclamation did, however, was to signal
that the civil war would be more than a war to preserve the union, its outcome would eventually
mean the ending of slavery, and this is the Proclamation's primary significance.

Because he issued the Emancipation Proclamation, Abraham Lincoln is usually associated with the ending of slavery. As President of the Union and Commander in Chief of the Union forces, of course, Lincoln played an important role in leading the nation toward the eradication of slavery, but this was a road that Lincoln took reluctantly and out of necessity for preservation of the Union, not because of inherent and deep-seated convictions about the immorality of slavery.

In August 1862, for example, President Lincoln wrote the following to Horace Greeley (an anti-slavery journalist) "My paramount object in this struggle is to save the Union and is not either to save or to destroy slavery." [Abraham Lincoln to Horace Greeley, 22 August 1862: in T. Harry Williams (editor) Selected Writings and Speeches of Abraham Lincoln (1980), p. 174]. President Lincoln was assassinated on 15 April 1865; The 13th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, which abolished slavery in the country, was enacted on 18 December 1865, some eight months after Lincoln's death.

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Colored Troops (The Sable Arm)

Black Soldiers in the Civil War, NARA

1st North Carolina Colored Volunteer Infantry, (35th U.S. Colored Infantry)

U.S. Colored Troops Formed in North Carolina

A History of the 35th U.S. Colored Troops

35th Regiment, Lists of Soldiers, U.S.Colored Troops

Regimental Histories of U.S. Colored Troops
54th Massachusetts Infantry, U.S.A.

55th Infantry Regiment (1863-1865)

55th U.S. Colored Troops, (1st Regiment Alabama Volunteers, a.d. [African Descent])
1st South Carolina Colored Volunteer Infantry, U.S.A.


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30 Mar 1892 J H Harrington - Moore, 20 Colored, Parents: John & Louise Harrington of Moore & Teal Goons - Moore, 21 White, Par: unk of Moore
7 Aug 1892 Nelson Harrington - Moore, 21 Colored, Parents: Ben & Rose Harrington of Moore & Martha Person - Moore, 17 Colored, Parents: Brooks & Shallot Person of Moore
11 Aug 1892


Jesse Manes - Moore, 24 Colored, Parents: Dumas & Element Maness of Moore & Airtimes Shamberger - Moore, 17 Colored, Parents: James & Adeline Shamberger of Moore

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