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Updated 09/02/2009

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 @2009 - Sue Ashby

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"They were the first, the fartherest, the last - North Carolina Troops"

On this page you will find bits of information that you may find interesting,
and hopefully helpful, and links to more.

Some statistics you may find interesting:

Approximately 16 per cent of all enlisted soldiers during the war
became POWs.

About 30,000 soldiers died in Confederate camps, and about 26,000
died in Union camps.

The death rate was approximately 13 per cent.

The number of men held in camps and not paroled on the field
numbered nearly 410,000

    - information extracted from "Portals to Hell", by Lonnie Speer

Henry Stanley, the famous journalist who travelled across Africa
to find Dr. Livington, served in Company E, 6th Arkansas, (what
type of service is not in my note) and was a POW who was
incarcerated in Camp Douglas, IL. Of conditions in the camp, he
said, "We were soon in a fair state of rotting while yet alive."

Excellent Site!


How many Southern people know that in the State of New York there are buried 2,917 Confederate soldiers in a cemetery of two and one-half acres that should be inclosed with a fence and memorial gate? 

In 1864 the United States government located at Elmira N.Y., a prison camp for Confederate soldiers, and until the close of the war it was retained as such, many of the prisoners being transferred from Point Lookout, Md.

North Carolina had 1,233 buried there, and South Carolina
387, making for the Carolinas the enormous number of 1,620,
over half of the dead there.

Callahan, Jabez, B.  2nd Sgt. Co. B, 16th N.C. Inf.
Enlisted April 29, 1861, at Marshall, N.C. Appointed drummer Aug. 5, 1861. Sent to ChimborazovHospital #5, Richmond, Va., Dec. 3, 1861 for general debility - diagnosed as enlargement of typhoid gland. Transferred to General Hospital, Dec. 5, 1861. Released to duty Dec 27, 1861. Wounded at Battle of Fredericksburg, VA., Dec. 13, 1862. Made Roll of Honor. In hospital in Lynchburg, Oct. 11, 1863 until after Oct. 31, 1863 (I don't know why). Appointed 2nd SGT. March 22, 1864. Captured at Battle of Plank Road (Wilderness, Va.), May 6, 1864. Taken to Belle Plain, Va., sent to Point Lookout, Md. prison May 17, 1864 then to Elmira, New York prison Aug. 10, 1864. Released June 22, 1865

Hutchinson, A. J.    Co. A, 30th N.C. Inf.
Buried in the Confederate section of the Woodlawn Cemetery in Elmira, N.Y. Born in 1817 and died in the camp on February 18, 1865. His grave was CW 2124.

Hutchison, David Washington Hutchison
Brother os A.J. Hutchinson, was also in the Prisoner of War Camp; but signed an Oath of Allegiance on September 19, 1864 in order to be released.

Johnson, William M. Henry   Co. K, 52nd N.C. Reg.
William M. Henry Johnson. He was born Jan. 23 1836 in Surry Cty, NC. the son of Henry and Eliza Truelove Johnson. The records show that he was taken prisoner at the battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse and died of pneumonia Jan, 18 1865. Mr. Johnson's two brothers Jesse and John also served the Confederacy in the same regiment.

Saunders, Robert James    Co. H, 5th NCV
Born 4-1861; died 9-10-1919. Joined 5-1861 Gates County . Wounded 7-1-1863 Gettesburg Pa, recovered and was taken prisoner near Spottsylvania either on 5-10-1864 or 5-12-1864. First taken to Point Lookout , Md. until 8-14-1864 . Transferred to Elmira, where he took the Oath 6-27-1865. He had to walk home from Elmira and almost died of diarrhorea. He is burried at the Confederate Home
Cemetery , Raleigh ,N.C.

Stephenson, Benjamin T.    32nd N.C. Vol.
Present or accounted for until captured at Spotsylvania Court House, Va. 5-15-1864. Confined at Point Lookout , Maryland 5-18-1864. Transferred to Elmira 8-3-1864. Paroled at Elmira ,on Feburary 20, 1865, and transferred to the James River Virgina for exchange . Hospitalizied at Richmond,Virginia, 2-25-1865with diarrhoea. Furloughed for thirty days on 3-29-1865.

Tunstall, Jerome B.V.    23rd N.C. Vol. 
Born May 16, 1843; died September 12, 1912. Resided in Granville County where he
enlisted at age 18 , June 11, 1861 . Present or accounted for until wounded in his right hip and captured at Spotsylvania Court House , Virgina , May 9, 1864. Confined at various Federal hospitals until confined at Old Capital Prison . Washingington , D. C , August 11, 1864. Transfered to Elmira August 28,1864. Released at Elmira on June 19, 1865 after taking the Oath of Allegiance. Although he left a diary, little can be gained from it because it was written in pencil. He did remark about being
starved. After the war he married Mary Molly Britton ,they had six children. He was a tax collector, clerk of court, and constable for Granville County.

Vann, Chester R.    Co. K, 51st N.C. Reg.
Born in Sampson County where he resided as a farmer prior to enlisting in Duplin County at age 32, March 29, 1862. Mustered in as a Private. Promoted to 1st Sergeant on July 1, 1862. Present or accounted for until hospitalized at Wilmington on May 29, 1863, with diarrhoea. Furloughed for twenty days on June 16, 1863. Returned to duty in July-August,1863. Present or accounted for until capture at
Cold Harbor, Virginia, June 1, 1864. Confined at Point Lookout, Maryland, June 11, 1864. Transferred to Elmira, New York, July 12,1864. Died at Elmira on October 29, 1864, of "pneumonia".

Warren, James C.    Co. I, 51st N.C. Reg.
Born in Sampson County where he resided as a farmer prior to enlisting in Sampson County at age 28, April 4, 1862. Present or accounted for until capture at Cold Harbor, Virginia, June 1,1864. Confined at Point Lookout, Maryland, June 11,1864. Transferred to Elmira, New York, July 12,1864. Injured in a railroad accident at Shohola, Pennsylania, July 15, 1864, while enroute to Elmira. Paroled at Elmira on
March 14, 1865. Received at Boulware's Wharf, James River, Virginia, March 18, 1865, for exchange. Survived the war.

Williford, Richard W.    Co. K, 51st N.C. Reg.
Born in Sampson County in 1830 (1822) and resided in Sampson County where he was by occupation a farmer prior to enlisting in Sampson County on April 4, 1862. Present or accounted for through June, 1863. Reported absent on detached service at the regimental hospital in July-October, 1863. Returned to duty in November-December, 1863. present or accounted for until capture at Cold Harbor, Virgina, June 1, 1864. Confined at Point Lookout, Maryland, June 11, 1864. Transferred to Elmira, New York, July 12, 1864. Paroled at Elmira on February 20, 1865, and transferred to the James River, Virginia, for exchange. Hospitalized at Richmond, Virginia, March 4,1865, with rheumatism and was furloughed for thirty days on March 10, 1865. Survived the war. (The Company Log, on page 145, states that he enlisted from Johnston County and that he was a good soldier.)

Henry Philip RUDISILL, 1st Lt. Co. A, 12th NC 
"The Catawba Rifles". Wounded at Winchester VA, Sept 19, 1864. Arm amputated,
kept in hospital for one month, then transferred to Point Lookout MD.  Released Nov 15, 1864 in Savannah, GA. Retired from service, went home, got married and had 13 children!

Jacob F. RUDISILL, Corp. Co E, 32nd NC
captured at Winchester VA, Sept 19, 1864, transferred to Point Lookout MD, released June 5, 1865.

Polycarp C. RUDISILL, Pvt., Co. E, 32nd NC
Captured April 3, 1865 at Newport News VA, released June 30, 1865. I don't know 
where he was confined.

Alfred Solomon CARPENTER, Sgt., Co. B, 23rd NC. 
Captured at Fredericksburg VA, date unknown, confined at Washington DC
Captured at Chancellorsville, May 1863, Sent to Old Capital Prison, Washington, DC released 19 May 1863. Captured at Gettysburg, PA July 1, 1863, Sent to Ft. Delaware, then Point Lookout MD 15-18 Oct 1863. Released 18 Feb 1865 Captured Farmville, VA April 1865, confined at Newport News VA, released 27 Jun 1865. 

James Dennis IJAMES, Sgt. Co. F, 13th NC 
"The Davie Greys". Captured at Williamsburg, VA May 6, 1862, exchanged by Nov
1, 1862. I imagine he was at the Old Capital Prison, Washington, DC.

Matthew Newberry IJAMES, Corp, Co. F, 13th NC,
"The Davie Greys," Wounded and captured at Williamsburg, VA May 6, 1862,
in hospital, then transferred to Old Capital Prison, Washington, DC on June 27, 1862. Released Aug 5, 1862. Captured at Falling Waters MD, July 14th, 1863. Sent to Point Lookout, MD. Released March 20, 1864.

Joseph Eli MILLER, Pvt. Co C, 57th NC. 
Wounded and captured at Sayler's Creek VA, April 6, 1865. Leg amputated at City
Point,VA, transferred to Lincoln General Hospital, Washington DC, died May 6, 1865. Buried at Arlington National Cemetery, body removed to Oakwood Cemtery, Raleigh NC in later years. 

Miles Alfred YOUNT, 1st Lt., Co. A, 12th NC,
"The Catawba Rifles". Captured at Sharpsburg, MD, Sept 17, 1862. Confined at Fort McHenry Md and Ft. Monroe VA. Released Oct. 19, 1862.

Elcanah YOUNT, Pvt. Co A, 12th NC
"The Catawba Rifles" Captured at Gettysburg July 1, 1863. No further information.

John Hosea YOUNT, Pvt. Co A, 12th NC 
"The Catawba RIfles". captured Petersburg, VA, March 25, 1865, Confined at Point
Lookout, MD, Released June 3, 1865.

MEDLIN, Garrison Boswell, Pvt., Confederate, Co. D, 37th NC Infantry Regiment,
age 23, fought at Fredericksburg, Petersburg, etc. Captured at Fredericksburg, VA, exchanged and then captured again at Petersburg in May 1864, imprisoned at Pt. Lookout, Fed. Prison, St. Mary's Co., MD, died of typhoid fever at a HOSPITAL prison camp on December 29, 1864. 
    His two brothers, Milas W. (Co. H, 34th Regiment, NC troops) and Martin
Fletcher Medlin (Co. I, 53rd NC Infantry) were also imprisoned there but were
released to go home and live out the remainder of their lives. 
    A third brother, William Monroe Medlin, b. 1831, entered Co. I, 53rd NC
Regiment, died of wounds sustained in a battle at Spotsylvania Courthouse on
5/8/1864, on 5/18/1864 in a nearby hospital. 
    Any further information would be appreciated. Anne Medlin Sendgikoski

Pvt. Hugh Kerr ROBERTS, 14th NC Infantry, NCST Co. D.
Captured at Third Winchester, Sept. 19, 1864. Confined at Point Lookout until paroled and transferred to Cox's Landing, James River, VA Feb 14, 1865, for exchange.

Private Edward Parrish, Company I, 6th North Carolina Infantry Regiment.
Captured at Gettysburg, July 3, 1863. Confined at Ft Delaware until transferred to Point Lookout on 18 Oct 1863. Paroled and exchanged at Boulware's Warf, James River, VA Feb 20-21, 1865. Stationed at Camp Lee, near Richmond, VA after exchanged.

There is a Corp James Batchelor buried in the Confederate Cemetery at Pt 
Lookout. He is listed as have died July 31, 1864. His unit was Company E, 7th 
North Carolina Infantry.

I just wanted to let you know that there was a William Love from the 61st
regiment, Co. D NC Troops. He was my great-great-great uncle. He took
part in the skirmish at Kinston and was captued there. Paroled the next
day, he became very ill and went home. He died of typhiod fever on Jan,
15th 1863. He is buried in the old Love cemetery behind Shallow Well
Church in Sanford, NC.    Mark Love

F. Hope, Pvt. Co. A. 49th Regt. NC
complaint: Ty(?) Febris
admitted: Aug. 7, 1862
to: Episcopal Church Hospital, Williamsburg, VA
Died: Aug. 11, 1862
Remarks: F.F. Hope-23rd Inf.

H. B. Hope Pvt. Co. E. 43 Regt. NC
Report of Sick and Wounded.
General Hospital, Wilson, NC. Feb. 1863
Disease: Pneumonia
Date of Death: Feb. 13, 1863

William Eli Wallace b. abt 1844/45 NC. D. 1882 Postoak, Jack Co. TX
Enlisted 2-25-1862 Co.D 48th Regiment,NC Vol. Wounded at Sharpsburg
Hospitalized, returned to battle.
His brother John enlisted same time, same co & regiment. John also injured twice and captured, escaped and returned to battle. When Eli moved to TX, John remained on family farm located somewhere around Carthage and Robbins. They spoke of a "plank" road. I don't know if their farm was on it or near it, but I remember my grandmother speaking about it when she talked of her parents.
No other info on siblings, parents, etc.
Married Martha (Clementine?)(Brown?) b. abt 1844 NC. D. 3-15-1933
Postoak, Jack Co. TX May be 15/16 Cherokee?
Martha's mother Cynthia Alice (Brown?) moved from NC to TX with them.
William Eli and Martha had10 children:
Catherine Elizabeth b. 6-3-1866 NC (Moore Co?) d. 9-10-1934 Postoak,Jack
Co. TX m. Joe Ritchie
Asa Thomas b. 3-6-1868 NC (Moore Co?) d. 9-10-1934 Postoak, TX
Rebecca Jane b. 7-12-1870 Missouri m. Wylie Horn 1889.
James b. 4-19-1872 Postoak, Jack Co. TX
Cynthia Alice b.9-25-1873 Postoak, Jack Co. TX m. Bob Dillard
Sarah b. 4-13-1875 TX m.Tuck Catlin
Laney b. 11-15-1876 TX
Emma b. 3-20-1879 TX m.Charlie Cocanower
Infant Wallace b/d 1-5-1881 TX
John Franklin b. 7-3-1882 TX
Any info or help  will be greatly appreciated. 

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Portrait of Capt. James R. Love, Company A, 16th North Carolina Regiment, C.S.A.
Portrait of Lt. Col. James T. Weaver, 60th North Carolina Regiment, C.S.A.
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This is an interesting story about how a group of Union prisoners at Libby Prison, who were marked for execution in retaliation for the deaths of three other men were ransomed by the exchange of a general who had been captured by some Pensylvania soldiers...another interesting light on what it meant to be a POW...
These are some statistics on some of the most notorious prison camps. Not all camps were this bad, by the way, but these were among the worst.

Camp Douglas, IL (USA) - used as a POW camp from 62-65. Was designed with a max capacity for 6000 men, but during its most crowded they managed to cram in over 12,000. Almost 4500 people died here.

Salisbury, NC (CSA) Designed for 2,000. At one point, over 10,000 people were jammed into it. It was used from 61-65.

Elmira, NY (USA) Its capacity was designed for 5000, but at one point they managed to get over 9400 people into it. Although they only used it for two years, just under 3,000 people died here.

Andersonville, GA (CSA), the most notorious of all of the prison camps.
Although set up to contain 10,000 men, at its worst it held over 32000.
During its use during '64 and'65, 12,919 people died.

Point Lookout, MD (USA) During the three years it was used, 3,500 men died here. At its most crowded, it held about twice its design capability, topping off at 22,000 at its most dense.

Danville, VA (CSA) Designed for 3700, at its most croweded, they put 4000 men in here. Used from '63-'65, just under 1300 men died here.

Camp Morton, IN (USA) Set up for 2000, it reached a maximum of 5000 POWs. Used from '62 - '65, around 1700 deaths were recorded.


18th Georgia Infantry Home Page has an account of the
capture and imprisonment of Pvt. Robert Quinn of the 18th, as well as a
poem he wrote to his wife while imprisoned at Camp Chase, Ohio.

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During the War Between the States, 193,750 Union and 215,000 Confederate soldiers, sailors, and Marines became prisoners of war (POW). More than 30,000 Union and 26,000 Confederate prisoners died in captivity (which equals 12% in the North and 15.5% in the South). There should have been a much greater disparity in death rates between Northern and Southern POW camps. There was a far superior supply of physicians, hospitals, medicines, and food available in the North than in the blockaded and starving Confederacy, therefore Union camps should have experienced a much lower death rate than they did. Northern attitudes towards Southern prisoners, often manifested in deliberate maltreatment, contributed towards the unnecessarily high death rates of Confederate prisoners confined in Union prisons.

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UNION PRISON CAMPS (1861 - 1865)

Alton (IL) Military Prison, 1861-1865.

First Illinois state prison, built in the 1850s and denounced by Dorothea Dix as unhygienic.
Abandoned as soon as Joliet was completed. Alton opened as a "military detention camp" early in 1862. Severe overcrowding and bad sanitation brought on a smallpox epidemic which killed as many as a dozen Southern prisoners a day. Alton citizens demanded that the sick be removed as a health danger and they were taken to a deserted island in the Mississippi. Several thousand Southern prisoners were buried on the island 1863-64 (an estimate; no records were kept) and many more were buried in Confederate Soldiers' Cemetery in North Alton. There were continual escape attempts. In July 1862, 36 prisoners led by Col. Ebenezer Magoffin of Missouri cut a tunnel through 8 ft of masonry, 50 ft underground, and 3 ft of limestone foundation, and escaped; only 8 were recaptured. The prison was completely demolished shortly after the War.

Camp Chase (OH) Military Prison, 1861-1865.

Training camp west of Columbus, converted to a prison camp. About 8,000 prisoners in mid-1863. One captive officer described the place as being so filthy that no self-respecting Tennessee farmer would house his pigs there.

Fort Delaware (DE) Military Prison, 1862-1865.

Located on an island in the Delaware River (and perhaps the prison most dreaded by Confederate troops.

Camp Douglas (IL) Military Prison, 1862-1865.

First Federal training camp (built on property that belonged to Sen. Stephen A. Douglas, who was also a property speculator); established south of Chicago, 60 A. in area, converted to a prison camp after the fall of Ft. Donelson in Feb 1862. One-story wooden barracks for 125-150 men each. Post hospital for Union troops serving as guards and tent wards for the prisoners. A large fire destroyed many of the barracks Nov 1863 and some prisoners were transferred to Rock Island. Total of about 30,000 prisoners; high point was Dec 1864, with more than 12,000 names on the roll. At least 4,450 of who died (a death rate of 9%). Most are buried in the "Confederate Mound" in Oakwood Cemetery, Chicago. About 500 successful escapes. Dismantled Nov 1865.

Elmira (NY) Military Prison, 1864-1865.

Created in May 1864 as a transfer depot by enclosing a 30 A. site with existing barracks on the Chemung River near Elmira, and was known in the South as "Hell-mira." There were 35 barracks (two-story, low-ceilinged, with unsealed roofs and floors) which held only half the 10,000 prisoners (enlisted men only); the rest lived in tents or slept in the open, even in the worst winter weather. Clothing and supplies sent from the South was warehoused by the Commandant and not distributed for up to six months; food *donated* by local churches was *sold* to the prisoners by corrupt Union officers. Many prisoners were transferred there from Point Lookout. Broiled rat was regarded as a delicacy and any dog that wandered within reach was quickly slaughtered and consumed (a punishable offense). One-acre lagoon of stagnant river water within the compound served as a latrine and dump, and led to large epidemics. Most guard detachments were recruited ex-slaves. More than 10% had no blankets; food was scarce and usually spoiled. Scurvy was common. The Commandant refused to "waste" medicines on prisoners and also barred
Sanitary Commission inspectors from entering the stockade. One doctor boasted: "I have killed more Rebs than any soldier at the front." There were few escape attempts because few prisoners were healthy enough to try. Discipline was strict and brutal, even by contemporary military standards; hanging by the thumbs was a popular punishment for infractions of the rules. Erie Railroad train jammed with prisoners collided with a freight 15 July 1864; the more than 100 injured prisoners were dumped into the compound untreated and most died within a few days. Death rate averaged about 5% per month and the rate of illness was extremely high; Elmira's conservatively estimated overall death rate of 24% was the highest of *any* Civil War prison. Townspeople of Elmira built two platforms overlooking the walls where spectators could observe the prisoners for $.15; the customers were mostly well-dressed women. Closed March 1865 (though the last prisoners did not actually leave until September) and all that remains is the cemetery.

Gratiot & Myrtle Streets Prison (St. Louis, MO), 1862-1865.

Held POWs, Union army deserters, bounty jumpers, bushwhackers, accused spies, and civilians accused of "disloyalty" (who were held without habeas corpus). Originally a medical college, it could safely hold about 500 men but more than 1,000 were confined there at all times. Prisoners set the building on fire twice and many tried to escape by tunneling or by attacking the guards.

Johnson's Island (OH) Military Prison, 1862-1865.

Located in Sandusky Bay, Lake Erie; construction was completed Feb 1862. First prisoners (of all types) arrived April 1862; officers were later separated out and sent to the Island, which became virtually an officers' and civilian prison. During its 40 months of operation, at least 12,000 CSA officers were held there -- including Isaac Trimble, Henry Kyd Douglas, Charles Olmstead, John Marmaduke, Jeff Thompson, and Basil Duke. Shelter was 13 two-story barracks intended to hold 3,250 prisoners; by April 1865 there were about 3,000 prisoners. Water supply was adequate at first but drainage was very poor and fresh water finally became almost nonexistent. General health conditions were above average, however, compared to other Federal prisons; a total of 221 men died out of approx. 12,000 total prisoners. Post commanders were drawn from Sandusky itself and were usually well enough liked. Clothing was adequate but most prisoners were unprepared for the severity of the winter weather. Food rations were adequate and additional supplies could be purchased -- until spring 1864, when rations were sharply reduced and supplemental purchases curtailed, apparently in reaction to atrocity stories circulating in the North rather than to lack of supplies. Since the Island was separated from the mainland by 1/2 mile of water (or ice), there were few escape attempts; only 12 men escaped to Canada, and there was one unsuccessful attempt by Ohio Copperheads to capture and liberate the prison. No trace of the facilities is left today except a one-acre cemetery and the Island
has no permanent inhabitants.

Camp Morton (IN) Military Prison, 1862-1865.

Located on the state fair grounds in Indianapolis; unfloored barracks within an enclosure.
Impossible for the prisoners to keep clean -- or to keep warm in winter because fuel was
extremely scarce despite the large number of trees in the enclosure
(which prisoners were forbidden to cut).

Old Capitol Prison (Washington, DC), 1863-1865.

Temporary building constructed c1815 after the British burned the U.S. Capitol in the War of 1812; later used as a hotel and became dilapidated and dangerously run down. Held POWs, Union deserters, suspected spies, and miscellaneous prisoners awaiting trial.

Point Lookout (MD) Military Prison, 1863-1865.

Large tent camp with no barracks, set up where the Potomac runs into Chesapeake Bay.
Established Aug 1863 and held enlisted men only. Water was scarce; the shallow wells became polluted and water had to be imported. Maximum of about 20,000 prisoners.

Rock Island Barracks (IL) Military Prison, 1863-1865.

Union's westernmost POW camp, located on an island in the Mississippi between Rock Island, IL and Davenport, IA. Originally the site of Ft. Armstrong (1816-36); after the War, it became the permanent site of the Rock Island Arsenal. Ordered to be built in July 1863 but still not completed when about 5,000 prisoners arrived in December. From then until the end of the War, there were 5,000 to 8,000 prisoners at all times. High fence enclosed 84 barracks, each with its own cookhouse. Adequate clothing and usually adequate food rations, but water was scarce and occasionally nonexistent. Major outbreaks of smallpox from the beginning; inadequate medical care and no hospital ward. Prisoner labor constructed sewers and a waterworks (for which they were paid a small amount on the sutler's account books). Several small but successful escape attempts in mid-1864. Many prisoners took the Oath in Dec 1863 and were "galvanized" into the Union army to fight Indians; loyal Confederates resisted this by reenlisting their own men (whose terms of enlistment had expired while they were imprisoned). Conditions deteriorated in late 1864 and local newspapers began editorially comparing Rock Island to Andersonville (two editors who did so were arrested and imprisoned by Federal authorities for disloyalty and sedition). During the 20 months it operated, Rock Island held a total of 12,400 prisoners; 1,960 died in confinement, 41 escaped, 5,580 were paroled home, and approx. 4,000 enlisted in the Union army. About 200 civilian political prisoners from Missouri also were housed there late in the War. Prison barracks were empty by July 1865 and served as ordnance barracks for the Arsenal until 1909. Confederate and National Cemeteries are still maintained there.

Fort Warren (MA) Military Prison, 1861-1866.

Built in Boston harbor as part of the city's seaward defenses in the early 19th century. Served first as a training base for several Massachusetts regiments -- who complained bitterly about *their* inadequate housing and food. First CSA prisoners arrived in Oct 1861, including Southern political prisoners (who were arrested and held without charges being preferred against them). Overcrowded and undersupplied from the first. Officers had limited parole on the island outside the fort itself. Boston newspapers of both political parties tried to raise food, blankets, etc, for the prisoners; other papers (including Garrison's THE LIBERATOR) argued that "traitors should receive nothing" and should be allowed to starve (this attitude became a local election issue in Boston). Prisoners did their own cooking in large, unsheltered boiling pots and kettles. Enlisted men and political prisoners received much worse housing than officers. Prisoners raised the ire of their jailers by singing Southern patriotic songs (quickly forbidden) and holding a mock trial of Sec. of War Seward (he was found guilty of having "abolished the Constitution"). Confederate generals Buckner and Tilghman were housed there for 6 months until exchanged. Many Ft. Donelson prisoners ended up there, as well as CSA naval personnel. By late 1862, the small rations of bread, soup, and hominy meant that most prisoners were hungry all the time.
Only 12 deaths occurred during the War, however, and the
prisoners themselves considered their treatment to be relatively humane.


Brothers Bound: A Source Page for CW Era Prisoners of War

Andersonville Prisoner Database
has the name of 32,000 prisoners who were at Andersonville