Captain Baird’s Company, 1805

 

Robert C. Carpenter, Contributor

Kathy Gunter Sullivan, Transcriber, 2010

 

Robert C. Carpenter:

Capt. Baird's Company in present southern Gaston County is south of and includes the southern part of Gastonia. The western boundary in 1805 was Crowders Creek or more likely a ridge just east of the Creek near present Highway 321. The northern boundary is possibly near present Garrison Boulevard in Gastonia. The eastern boundary is near present New Hope Road as it travels south from Gastonia, which in 1805 may have been Catawba Creek. The southern boundary must extend pretty close to the South Carolina line if not completely to it. The middle of the district probably included present Union Road, Jackson's Knob (now called Booger Mountain on some maps), and the roads connecting present Highway 321 to Union Road and then connecting to New Hope Road.

 

It partially corresponds with the seventh company in the 1790 Lincoln County census. It does not completely conform because it excludes the Berry families (only one Berry family is listed), who lived near present Cramer Mountain, and Moses Ratchford, who lived near Crowders Creek close to the South Carolina line.

 

The company’s taxables are primarily English-speaking with only the Rodes (Rhodes) being discernable German surnames. The data suggests a community of family farms with few slaves. In addition the taxables indicate that most are family men. The high percentage of white polls indicates white male populations under age 45 at this time.  The scarcity of black polls further indicates small farms, utilizing subsistence farming with a small portion of intensive farm products. With no cotton gins little cotton was probably produced on these farms at this time.

 

Kathy Gunter Sullivan:

The first reference in the county court minute docket to Baird’s District is April 1782. The last reference to the company is in 1809. At April Sessions 1805 and 1806, Justice of the Peace Isaac Holland was appointed to receive taxpayers’ information in Baird’s company. At July Sessions 1806, patrols appointed to serve in Baird’s Company were William Price, Reece Price, and Alexander Jones.

 

Map links:

Gaston Co., NC Flood Maps

NC Current Townships

 

Captain Baird’s Company, 1805

Lincoln County Tax Lists 1805-1806; box no. CR.060.701.4, North Carolina State Archives.

 

Inventory

Land

White Polls

Studs

Black Polls

James Robeson

233

1

1

 

John Bery

300

1

 

1

John Robeson

 

1

1

 

William Robeson

120

1

 

 

John Robeson

442

1

 

2

Ezekel Robeson

210

1

 

 

Job Robeson

248

1

 

 

Alexander Robeson

263

1

 

1

James Massey

200

1

 

 

Hezkiah Massey

161

1

 

 

James Robeson

209

1

 

 

Joseph Robeson

200

2

 

1

Mathew Turence

580

1

 

 

Drewrey Massey

300

1

 

 

John Turence

550

1

 

 

Reese Turence

170

1

 

 

Henery Jackson

100

1

 

 

Thomas Groves

209

1

 

 

Widow Groves

391

 

 

 

John Dickson

300

1

 

 

Samuel Groves

 

1

 

 

James Willson

100

1

 

 

Isaac Holland

700

 

 

2

Isaac Davis

200

1

 

 

Matthew Holland

150

1

 

 

Moses Darnell

350

 

 

 

Wm Baird

9

1

 

1

William Huggins

396

1

 

 

Robert Huggins

366

2

 

 

Hew Gibson

 

1

 

 

Nathan Baker

300

1

 

 

James Witherspoon

501

 

 

3

Darling Antony

 

1

 

 

Nathan Mendenhall

1485

2

 

 

John Witherspoon

196

1

 

 

Petter Rodes

200

1

 

 

George Rodes

150

1

 

 

James Wilson

162

2

 

 

Charles Yerby

200

1

 

 

Ezekel Price

101

1

 

 

Isaac Price

100

 

 

 

John Price

232

 

 

 

Widow Price

 

2

 

 

Adam Baird

250

1

 

1

Oliver H Holland

 

1

 

 

Isaac Holland Junr

 

1

 

 

Reece Price

232

1

 

 

John Ramsey

200

1

 

 

 

An inventory of Captan Bairds company together with the Taxables of that company given and returned before me for the year 1805 Is[aac] Holland JP

 

[illegible words]

 

Land 11,764

White Polls 47

Black Polls 12

Studs 2

 

Duplicate made out

 


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Derick S. Hartshorn - 2010-present
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