OFFICIAL REGISTER OF THE UNITED STATES
List of Postal Employees in Hyde County, North Carolina

 (Postmaster, Clerks, and Rural Free Delivery Carriers)
Kindly submitted by Merlin S. Berry

When the Continental Congress named Benjamin Franklin the first Postmaster General in 1775, the United States was a weak confederation of colonies scattered along the eastern seaboard. The postal system that the Congress created helped bind the new nation together, support the growth of commerce, and ensure a free flow of ideas and information.

The Post Office Department of the Confederate States of America was established on February 21, 1861, by an Act of the Provisional Congress of the Confederate States. On March 6, 1861, the day after Montgomery Blair's appointment by President Abraham Lincoln as Postmaster General of the United States, John Henninger Reagan, a former U. S. Congressman, was appointed Postmaster General of the Confederate States of America by Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States.

South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas already had seceded from the Nation. In the following months, Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and most of Tennessee followed suit. Reagan instructed southern postmasters to continue to render their accounts to the United States as before until the Confederate postal system was organized. Meanwhile, he sent job offers to southern men in the Post Office Department in Washington. Many accepted and brought along their expertise, as well as copies of postal reports, forms in use, postal maps, etc.

In May 1861, Reagan issued a proclamation stating that he would officially assume control of the postal service of the Confederate States on June 1, 1861. Postmaster General Blair responded by ordering the cessation of United States mail service throughout the South on May 31, 1861.

Although an able administrator headed the Confederate Post Office Department, its mail service was continuously interrupted. Through a combination of pay and personnel cuts, postage rate increases, and the streamlining of mail routes, Reagan eliminated the deficit that existed in the postal service in the South. But blockades and the invading army from the North, as well as a growing scarcity of postage stamps, severely hampered postal operations.

The resumption of federal mail service in the southern states took place gradually as the war came to an end. By November 15, 1865, 241 mail routes had been restored in southern states; by November 1, 1866, 3,234 post offices out of 8,902 were returned to federal control in the South.

Today it is difficult to envision the isolation that was the lot of farm families in early America. In the days before telephones, radios, or televisions were common, the farmer's main links to the outside world were the mail and the newspapers that came by mail to the nearest post office. Since the mail had to be picked up, this meant a trip to the post office, often involving a day's travel, round-trip. The farmer might delay picking up mail for days, weeks, or even months until the trip could be coupled with one for supplies, food, or equipment.

Critics of the rural free delivery plan claimed it was impractical and too expensive to have a postal carrier trudge over rutted roads and through forests trying to deliver mail in all kinds of weather. However, the farmers, without exception, were delighted with the new service and the new world open to them. After receiving free delivery for a few months, one observed that it would take away part of life to give it up. A Missouri farmer looked back on his life and calculated that, in 15 years, he had traveled 12,000 miles going to and from his post office to get the mail.

See a list of Hyde Co. Post Offices sorted by date started (1800-1923)

1859
(as of Sept. 30)

Town Postmaster

Compensation

Net Proceeds
Enterprise
[more than likely this was Engelhard]
Th. H. Smith (3 qrs.) $7.36 $1.05
Fairfield Wm. Sadler $27.15 $30.80
Hatteras Robert Steison [?] $6.61 $14.15
Lake Comfort Reuben Benson $9.95

-----

Lake Landing Selby Watson (3 qrs.) $6.08 $4.30
Middletown L.D. White $45.88 $44.13
Ocracoke Daniel Tolson $9.17 $7.19
Sladesville T.J. Owens $26.04 $18.00
Swan Quarter E.B. Credle $19.53 $6.95
Wysocking Samuel Brooks $27.78 $4.56
Belleview
[possibly Belhaven in Beaufort Co. ?]
Charles E. Peterson $23.18 -----

1883
(as of July 1)

Town Postmaster

Compensation

Engelhard J.E. Spencer $88.81
Fairfield S.B. Sadler $109.59
Lake Comfort G.W. Brown $26.15
Lake Landing W.P. Midgett $96.95
Makelyville T.H. Moffett $33.80
Middletown W.T. McKinney $163.55
Ocracoke J.S. McWilliams $24.52
Sladesville C.W. Thomas $129.02
Swan Quarter A. [Alexander] Berry $105.71

1889

Town Postmaster

Compensation

Engelhard J.M. Clayton $55.00
Fairfield Samuel B. Sadler $246.25
Lake Comfort Jesse M. Coffee [Caffee]
[delinquient 3rd qtr. 1888]
$32.62
Lake Landing Henry S. Boomer $130.72
Makelyville M. Makely $48.79
Middletown W.T. McKinney $190.01
Ocracoke Michael L. Piland $50.86
Sladesville T.R. Jarvis $165.31
Swan Quarter J.M. Spencer $128.28

1891

Town Postmaster

Compensation

Engelhard J.M. Clayton $65.72
Fairfield Samuel B. Sadler $247.49
Lake Comfort Jesse M. Coffee [Caffee] $39.32
Lake Landing Henry S. Boomer $180.59
Makelyville M.O. Webster $62.25
Middletown Robert S. Burris $120.58
Ocracoke Michael L. Piland $74.45
Scranton John C. Bishop

$117.62

Sladesville Geo. G. Newman $146.23
Swan Quarter Alexander Berry $118.47

1893

Town Postmaster

Compensation

Engelhard J.M. Clayton $57.69
Fairfield Samuel B. Sadler $220.86
Lake Comfort William J. Sears $45.79
Lake Landing Henry S. Boomer $208.73
Makelyville A.D. Fanfield $87.81
Middletown Robert S. Burris $101.95
Ocracoke Michael L. Piland $63.19
Scranton John C. Bishop

$191.60

Sladesville Geo. G. Newman $133.15
Swan Quarter Alexander Berry $154.77

1895
(as of July 1)

Town Postmaster

Compensation

Engelhard John Clayton $63.59
Fairfield Samuel B. Sadler $227.42
Lake Comfort William W. Boomer $71.76
Lake Landing Daniel M. Watson $213.46
Makelyville A.D. Fanfield $107.21
Middletown Robert S. Burris $101.44
Ocracoke Michael L. Piland $75.62
Scranton John C. Bishop
Thomas C. Bishop (clerk)

$268.33
$100.00

Sladesville Geo. G. Newman $124.77
Swan Quarter George V. Credle $169.23

1897

Town Postmaster

Compensation

Engelhard John Clayton $70.41
Fairfield Samuel B. Sadler $207.44
Lake Comfort George H. Webster [Weston?] $52.59
Lake Landing Daniel M. Watson $140.84
Makelyville A.D. Fanfield $97.79
Middletown Robert S. Burris $107.06
Ocracoke Edward Farrow $189.59
Scranton F.M. Bishop
T.C. Bishop (clerk)

$219.43
$100.00

Sladesville Geo. G. Newman $144.89
Swan Quarter George V. Credle $168.44

1899

Town Postmaster

Compensation

Engelhard Eugene C. Boomer $104.58
Fairfield Samuel B. Sadler $239.30
Lake Comfort George H. Weston $85.46
Lake Landing L.L. Gibbs $174.31
Makelyville A.D. Fanfield $103.05
Middletown Robert S. Burrus $127.32
Ocracoke Edward Farrow $210.96
Scranton F.M. Bishop
T.C. Bishop (clerk)

$394.02
$100.00

Sladesville Geo. G. Newman $156.71
Swan Quarter William T. Berry $215.29

1903

Town Postmaster

Compensation

Engelhard John E. Spencer $131.91
Fairfield Samuel B. Sadler $232.64
Lake Comfort Henry L. McGowan $156.49
Lake Landing Samuel A. Windley $138.40
Makelyville James N. Edwards $99.24
Middletown Robert S. Burris $150.92
Ocracoke Thomas W. Howard $186.89
Scranton Allen C. Credle
William F. Fortescue (clerk)

$239.31
$100.00

Sladesville Geo. G. Newman $189.55
Swan Quarter Joseph A. Berry
Alexander Berry, Jr. (clerk)
$394.50
$100.00

1905

Town Postmaster

Compensation

Engelhard William E. Clarke $168.93
Fairfield Samuel B. Sadler $269.00
Lake Comfort
[disappeared from lists]

--------------------------

----------
Lake Landing Samuel A. Windley
George M. Watson (RFD Carrier)
$165.10
$720.00
Makelyville James N. Edwards $79.99
Middletown Robert S. Burris $151.67
Ocracoke Thomas W. Howard $209.33
Scranton Allen B. Credle
Statz Credle (clerk)
Francis M. Bishop (RFD Carrier)

$278.19
$96.00
$720.00

Sladesville Geo. G. Newman $199.28
Swan Quarter Alexander Berry
E.C. McCland [McClaud] (clerk)
B. Warren Williams (RFD Carrier)
$496.42
$100.00
$612.00
Wysocking Henry S. Boomer $206.74

1909

Town Postmaster

Compensation

Engelhard William E. Clarke $189.00
Fairfield Albina B. Burgess
Jas. C. Watson (RFD Carrier)
$296.00
$864.00
Lake Landing John L. Mann
Geo. M. Watson (RFD Carrier)
$216.00
$900.00
Makelyville
[disappeared from lists]

--------------------------

----------
Middletown Robert S. Burrus $146.00
Ocracoke Thomas W. Howard $244.00
Scranton Allen B. Credle
Thos. C. Bishop (RFD Carrier)

$335.00
$900.00

Sladesville
[disappeared from lists]

--------------------------

----------
Swan Quarter Alexander Berry
Alexander B. Berry (clerk)
Leslie E. Jones (RFD Carrier)
B. Warren Williams (RFD Carrier)
$595.00
$108.00
$810.00
$810.00
Wysocking Geo. I. Watson $127.00

1911

Town Postmaster

Compensation

Engelhard William E. Clarke $190.00
Fairfield L.L. Rue
Jas. C. Watson (RFD Carrier)
$270.00
$960.00
Lake Landing John L. Mann
Geo. M. Watson (RFD Carrier)
$230.00
$1000.00
Middletown Robert S. Burrus $180.00
Ocracoke Thomas W. Howard $290.00
Scranton _______ Credle

$320.00

Swan Quarter Alexander Berry
Carlos R. Berry (clerk)
John M. Berry (RFD Carrier)
Charles A. Jones (RFD Carrier)
$600.00
$180.00
$900.00
$900.00
Wysocking Geo. I. Watson $150.00

Copyright © 2003

 

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