The modern National Guard stems directly from the militia of the thirteen original English colonies making it the oldest component of the armed forces of the United States. In the beginning, the greatest cultural influence on the early colonies came from Great Britain. English settlers brought with them English military ideas. Until very late in its own history, England had no full-time professional Army. Englishmen believed that every free, able- bodied man had the obligation to help defend the country. Citizen-soldiers were the militia. During the French and Indian War which began in 1754, much of the fighting was being done by militia regiments, frequently referred to as "Provincials" by the British. Provincials had little tolerance for European style warfare which was ill suited to combat in the colonies against Indians. Colonial militia, which often fought in small numbers and emphasized individual initiative, contributed badly needed skills in frontier warfare to the British Army. During this time, the militia in Hyde County and neighboring counties was called up to help protect our coastal area, such as Ocracoke Inlet, from French warships and privateers.

Hyde County Militia List
for *Arromaskeet - October 1755

Captain Henry GIBBS, Jur.

On Reverse of Document:
"Captn H. GIBBS his list of his Company Hyde Regiment Octor 13th 1755"

Note: *Arromaskeet was another name for Mattamuskeet

N. C. Department of Archives & History, Hyde County Miscellaneous Records (1735-1908), Militia Papers, 1755, 1853 and no date. C.R. 053.928.3;
High Tides, Volume XV, Number 1, Spring, 1994, p. 41; "Henry Gibbs, Jur. Militia List of Arrowmaskeet, 1755."


Fuzee - a flintlock gun
Carbine - any short-barreled lightweight rifle
Musket - a heavy smoothbore large caliber shoulder firearm fired by means of a matchlock, a wheel lock, a flintlock, or a percussion lock
Fowling Piece - a smooth bore weapon which fires buckshot and used to hunt birds
Buckanneer - designed for shipboard fighting, used grape or buck shot, short barrel sometimes flared at the end similar to the weapons used by pirates

Webster's Unabridged Dictionary; Mr. Bill Brown, N.C. Department of Archives & History, Raleigh, NC.
High Tides, Volume XV, Number 1, Spring, 1994, p. 42.

Copyright 2002

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