Kenneth C. Hartsell*

(*Department of Sociology, Anthropology and Economics, East Carolina University)

Excavations at the Tillett site revealed an historic component in addition to the prehistoric. The historic component is the result of actual occupation of the site by the Green family from 1884 until sometime between 1910 and 1920 (see Site History). Edward C. Green bought the property, described as being ten acres between Mill Creek and Great Gut Ditch, from Spencer Daniel in 1881 and it remained in the Green family until 1971, when it was sold to Gilbert and Linda Tillett.


Only a small amount of historic ceramic material was recovered at 31DR35, the earliest dating to the mid 1800's. Most of the collection falls within the category of general ceramics.

Glass Artifacts

The largest quantity of glass recovered was small fragments from unreconstructable bottles. These were classified by color and area of vessel from which they originated; neck, body or base, according to the Switzer (1974) typology. A total of 154 sherds were placed in this unclassified category.

Several bottle fragments with measurable features were recovered. The first of these is a small rectangular bottle, 90 millimeters high from shoulder to base with a basal measurement of 25 by 46 millimeters. Also recovered was a small, round bottle base, 44 millimeters in diameter and a bottle neck with molded lip. The inside diameter of the neck is 13 millimeters, outside diameter 25 millimeters and lip diameter 28 millimeters (Figure B1b). All fragments show signs of mold marks.

In addition to the bottle glass, 163 windowpane fragments were recovered. These were small and flat with an average thickness of two millimeters.

Other glass artifacts include two identical shirt buttons. These are white, 4-hole buttons with depressed centers. They have a diameter of 1.1 centimeters and thickness of .3 centimeter (Figure B1c).

Two light blue glass beads were recovered. Both are .6 centi- meter in diameter with a hole diameter of 1.75 millimeters (Figure B1e).

Metal Artifacts

The metal artifacts recovered from the site were classified into three main categories; construction, household items, and ammunition. A large percentage of the metal artifacts recovered were rusted beyond recognition and were placed in an unidentified category.


Figure B1. (Page 99)


Household Items



The historic component of 31DR35 is defined by a collection of artifacts concentrated along, and in the immediate vicinity of, the remnant hammock at the northeast edge of the site (Figure B1). The artifact classes indicate a domestic structure, although none was standing at the time of the investigation, and light (or home) industrial activities. Artifacts recovered include ceramics, pipes, glass, windowpane, brick, nails, iron spikes and eye bolts, washers, wire, buttons, and a pet collar.

The datable ceramics indicate an occupation from the mid- to late nineteenth century, but the actual occupation appears to have been between about 1884 and 1920. During the Green family occupancy, a house sat on the site, and there were probably some appurtenant structures, fences and other features. The remaining boat slip cut in from Great Gut suggests a boat house or shed, and fishing activities. (Page 101)

Copyright 2002
Carolina Algonkian Project, All Rights Reserved