THE ARCHAEOLOGY OF 31HY43, "POMEIOOC"

1985-1986 FIELD SEASONS

Paul R. Green

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Department of Sociology and Anthropology
East Carolina University
Greenville, North Carolina

19 8 7

America's Four Hundredth Anniversary Committee
North Carolina Office of State Archaeology

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS (Below) . . . . . . . .

1. INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2. SURVEY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3. EXCAVATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4. ARTIFACTS AND ANALYSIS . . . . . . . .

5. CONCLUSIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

REFERENCES CITED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

TABLES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

FIGURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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ii.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

Many people have contributed to the success of this work. The funding that set the work in motion came from America's Four Hundredth Anniversary Committee, largely through the initiative of David Stick. The second phase of excavation in 1985 was made possible by East Carolina Bank of Engelhard, North Carolina. David Stick graciously spent his own time and resources lobbying on our behalf. E. Royden Clark, president of East Carolina Bank, also was a key participant in the success of the fund raising effort. During the winter of 1985-1986, support for new research at 31HY43 was again generously granted by America's Four Hundredth Anniversary Committee.

The field crew in 1985 at first consisted of the author and James Kevin ("Jay") Holley, as keen eyed an assistant as a director could hope for; in the second phase of the work we were joined by Kenneth Hartsell, whose expert field techniques were much valued. Luke Mackey and Joseph Collins worked as diggers in the second phase. Sorely needed and very capable volunteer help was provided by Mark Mathis, Malcolm Davis, and Tom Burke. The North Carolina Office of State Archaeology generously made available to us a mechanical sifter, a hand sifter, and extra plastic covering when it was most needed. Chris Clark saved us a great deal of time and effort with his application of tractor and blade in the clearing of plow zone in Trenches I to III.

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The limited funds in 1986 dictated a small field crew, often consisting solely of the principal investigator. However, throughout the period of work from late March to the middle of July a group of individuals gave substantial assistance. Martelle Marshall and his workers took valuable time away from their planting and harvesting activities to assist us in the removal of plow zone. Mark Mathis and Stephen Claggett of the North Carolina Office of state Archaeology worked briefly at the site (though on the hottest days!) and again made available their mechanical sifter. Paul S. Gardner joined the excavation for several weeks in June; volunteer help was rendered by Tony Lewis and James and Lana Holley.

Helen Rountree, Old Dominion University, and Mark Mathis provided interesting and timely information on the use of European glass by Native Americans. The Rotary Club extended their hospitality to us several times and assisted in obtaining tires for weighing down the large area of plastic covering; their willingness to expend funds for the purpose of keeping the site open for excavation is deeply appreciated.

R.S. Spencer and Leon Ballance helped in ways uncounted through 1985 and 1986 to smooth our way and to carry word of research to the people of Hyde County. They have also become good friends. Without exception, the people of Hyde County have been cooperative and interested in the project.

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Special thanks go to Harvey B. Mann, Seth Henry Collins, Ferrel Berry, and Martell E. Marshall, the landowners and farmers of 31HY43, for their help and patience.

Thomas Jefferson Mann and Sallie Mann provided our accommodations in Hyde County in 1985 and 1986 and made us feel more like family than guests. T.J. is a wonderful ambassador for Hyde County and introduced us to many of its natural and cultural treasures. Chief among them, I think are its people, the friendliest I have met in North Carolina.

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See Also: Excavations at the Amity Site: Final Report of the Pomeiooc Project: 19841989 by Paul S. Gardner.

Courtesy of: Dr. Paul R. Green; The North Carolina Office of State Archaeology; and the East Carolina University Archaeology Lab.

My sincere appreciation to Drs. Paul R. Green, Paul S. Gardner, Mark A. Mathis, Charles R. Ewen and to Kay Lynn Sheppard and the people of Hyde County, North Carolina for their continued assistance and encouragement. Special thanks to Christina Melton-Hansen for assistance in scanning this article. Anyone with information on the Amity Site or other Algonkian sites please contact me: John B. McGowan.

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Copyright 2001
Carolina Algonkian Project, All Rights Reserved