Six years prior to the American Constitution and three months prior to the creation of the Declaration of Independence the "Halifax Resolves" were written making it the first document in the American colonies promoting a full and complete separation from Great Britain.

The 4th North Carolina Provincial Congress met in Halifax on April 4, 1776 where a selected committee consisting of Cornelius Harnett of Wilmington, Thomas Burke of Orange County, Allen Jones of Northampton County, Thomas Jones of Chowan County, Abner Nash of New Bern, John Kinchen of Orange County, Samuel Johnston of Edenton and James Green, Jr., of New Bern compiled a Colonist grievance report which they completed on April 12, 1776. This document refered to as the "Halifax Resolves" was unanimously adopted by all 83 delegates present, and signed by the secretary of the committee James Green, Jr., making it the first official colony action calling for independence from Great Britian.

The Halifax Resolution was presented to the Colonies through their respective delegates assembled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania for the Continental Congress followed by similar recommendation from Virginia. The Continental Congress met in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on July 4, 1776, at which time the Declaration of Independence was adopted that included the signatures of the North Carolina Delegates William Hooper, Joseph Hewes, and John Penn.

The adoption date of the "Halifax Resolves" is memorialized on the state flag of North Carolina. The original "Halifax Resolves" is protected by the National Archives in Washington, DC and a copy is on display in the State Archives located in Raleigh, North Carolina.



The Select Committee taking into Consideration the usurpations and violences attempted and committed by the King and Parliament of Britain against America, and the further Measures to be taken for frustrating the same, and for the better defence of this province reported as follows, to wit,

It appears to your Committee that pursuant to the Plan con certed by the British Ministry for subjugating America, the King and Parliament of Great Britain have usurped a Power over the Persons and Properties of the People unlimited and uncontrouled and disregarding their humble Petitions for Peace, Liberty and safety, have made divers Legislative Acts, denouncing War Famine and every Species of Calamity daily employed in destroying the People and committing the most horrid devastations onthe Country. That Governors in different Colonies have declared  Protection to Slaves who should imbrue their Hands in the Blood of their Masters. That the Ships belonging to America are declared prizes of War and many of them have been violently seized andconfiscated in consequence of which multitudes of the people have been destroyed or from easy Circumstances reduced to the most Lamentable distress.

And whereas the moderation hitherto manifested by the United Colonies and their sincere desire to be reconciled to the mother Country on Constitutional Principles, have procured no mitigation of the aforesaid Wrongs and usurpations and no hopes remain ofobtaining redress by those Means alone which have been hitherto tried, Your Committee are of Opinion that the house should enter into the following Resolve, to wit

Resolved that the delegates for this Colony in the Continental Congress be impowered to concur with the other delegates of the other Colonies in declaring Independency, and forming foreign Alliances, resolving to this Colony the Sole, and Exclusive right of forming a Constitution and Laws for this Colony, and of appointing delegates from time to time (under the direction of a  general Representation thereof to meet the delegates of the other Colonies for such purposes as shall be hereafter pointed out.






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