News & Articles of Interest to Durham-Orange genealogists
PO Box 4703, Chapel Hill , NC 27515-4703
2010 dues – $20
Richard Ellington – President
This month’s regular D-OGS Meeting will be held on Wednesday evening, 4 August, 2010 at 7 p.m. at the Seymour Senior Center on Homestead Road in Chapel Hill. Here is a map: http://server2.co.orange.nc.us/locations/index.asp?LocationID=67
Our program will be our annual “Show and Tell”. Have you found that missing relative? Have you broken through the “brick wall” you have been banging into for years? Do you have some recommendations for new data sources? Bring your best stories about what you have been doing over the last year. We will draw numbers to see who get to go first. Please keep your comments to a few minutes because we will need to leave the Senior Center promptly by 9 a.m., when they close.
The July meeting of the D-OGS Computer SIG will be held on 14 August 2010, in the small meeting room in the Chapel Hill Public Library. At the present time, the meeting topic is TBA.
D-OGS Meeting Minutes for July 7, 2010
The meeting was called to order at 7:05 PM. Four visitors were in attendance, as well as 21 members.
Richard Ellington, President, announced that long time member, Louis Freeland has been ill and had been moved from the hospital to a nursing facility. Richard said that cards and visits would be appreciated but that Louis’ wife had suggested that visitors introduce themselves as Louis was having memory lapses due to his illness.
Richard went on to introduce our speaker for the evening—Lynn Richardson, Local History Librarian at the Durham County Library, Downtown. Her topic was “The Bull City—A Short History of Durham, North Carolina”.
Lynn began by saying that from about 1600 to 1750 men were coming from Virginia to what would become known as the Piedmont. This was the back country occupied by blacks, whites and Native Americans. Disease and alcohol took a toll on the Indians and caused tribes to relocate.
In 1670 John Lederer was the first to describe the area of what would become known as Durham County. He was followed in 1701 by John Lawson. Settlers came to Durham from the east or from Virginia down the old Indian Trading Path.
No major battles were fought in Orange County but, because Hillsborough was a military and political center, residents of the county were in the thick of things with all that meant. Gristmills and sawmills were essential to the 18th century agricultural economy. They also played a social role. A settler with enough money and a good location for a mill on his land was quick to seek permission to build one.
By the end of the 1700s slavery was part of plantation life. On small farms the daily life of a slave was very similar to the life of the master. They suffered from the isolation as well as the same psychological issues as slaves on large plantations. On a large plantation there was some society with other slaves who were suffering under the same conditions.
Dillardsville and Prattsburg were the precursors to Durham. William Dilliard bought land in Orange County in 1819 where the Hillsborough to Raleigh road and the Roxboro to Fayetteville road crossed. The area was called Dillardsville and Mr. Dilliard was the postmaster. The town was short lived and the post office closed in 1827.
Much of the Dilliard land was bought by William Pratt, who established a store known as a place for “evil-disposed persons of evil name and fame and conversation to come together,” for “drinking, tippling, playing at cards and other unlawful games, cursing, screaming, quarreling and otherwise misbehaving themselves,” a reputation that unfortunately clung to Durham. This was Prattsburg.
The railroad approached Pratt about selling his land for a rail station but he wanted too much for it so they went to Dr. Bartlett Leonidas Durham who donated about four of his 100 acres in 1849 to found the city of Durham. Prattsburg began to fade away.
The tobacco industry thrived with the establishment of the railroad. In 1858 Wesley Wright, established the first tobacco processing factory in Durham with Thomas Morris.
One of the last skirmishes of the Civil War occurred at Leigh Farm in the southern part of the county. The largest troop surrender was at James Bennitt’s house (3 ½ miles west of town) on April 17, 1865. For a week soldiers from both armies camped around the area. Durham was neutral ground for soldiers from both armies. At the end of the week they had emptied the storehouse of J. R. Green’s small tobacco factory. When the soldiers returned to their homes all across the United States, they wrote to Durham’s Station for more tobacco and Durham’s tobacco boom was created.
With all the orders coming in Green knew he needed a specific name and trademark for his heretofore nameless tobacco. Over lunch with his friend James Whitted of Hillsborough, Whitted pointed to the bull’s head on the Coleman’s brand mustard jar and Bull Durham was born! Green died in 1869 and William T. Blackwell became the owner of Bull Durham Tobacco. Blackwell took on Julian Carr as a partner. Carr became a major figure in Durham.
When the war was over Washington Duke walked 134 miles home to his farm near Durham where he began building the tobacco business that would make him and his sons, James Buchanan, Benjamin and Brodie, famous.
Cigarettes were new in New York in 1863 and the Dukes imported Polish Jews from New York to roll them but they soon headed back to New York. The Dukes bought a new Bonsack rolling machine in 1884 and brought down the engineer. He continued to perfect their machine, which gave them a leg up on the competition.
In 1869 Preacher Edian Markum bought land at the angle formed by Pettigrew and Fayetteville streets and organized a church and a school. This became known as St. Joseph’s AME. This formed the nucleus around which the African-American community of Hayti grew.
April 16, 1881 Durham County was established. The 14 miles to the county seat in Hillsborough was a real disadvantage as those with business in the county seat could lose whole days in travel as there was one train in the morning with a return train at night.
In 1884, Julian Shakespeare Carr established the Durham Cotton Manufacturing Company in what was then Plattsburg. By the early 1900s, textile mills employed more people than did the tobacco factories. The 1890s saw the Dukes form the American Tobacco Company which made them among the richest men in the country. Eventually the company was sued under the antitrust laws and the company was broken up in 1911.
Trinity College’s president decided to move it from Randolph County. The Dukes courted him to move it to Durham by matching Raleigh’s offer of $35,000 and throwing in $50,000 for an endowment. Julian Carr would not allow the Dukes to outdo him in generosity so he offered the 67.5 acres of Blackwell’s Park and the college opened in the fall of 1892.
A group of black men with many business interests also established businesses in Durham but the one that really thrived was the N. C. Mutual Insurance Company. It was established April 1, 1899, with John Merrick as president and Dr. Aaron Moore as Vice-president and medical director. A year later Moore brought in his young cousin, Charles Clinton Spaulding to manage the office.
In 1908 James Shepard began raising money for a Bible school to train Sunday School teachers and missionaries. The school opened in July 1910 and later became North Carolina Central University. At the time race relations in the South were abysmal. This was shortly after the time of the Wilmington Race Riots.
In 1924 James Buchanan “Buck” Duke (son of Washington) created the Duke Endowment of $40 million. Trinity College, whose name was soon changed to Duke University, would receive 32% of the yearly income.
Pressure mounted in the 1930s for blacks to receive the same city services and civil rights whites took for granted. In 1935 the Durham Committee on Negro Affairs was formed. Its efforts in the 1940s to get blacks into jobs as policemen, managers of Hayti ABC stores, magistrates and to have them registered as voters were the first steps in the local civil rights struggle. In the 1951 Durham election, history was made by electing two white women to the city council, as well as the first Jewish mayor. In 1953 a black man was elected to the city council.
In the late 1940s Durham began an economic downturn. In the 1950s, students at UNC-Chapel Hill’s Department of City and Regional Planning were asked to do a study showing how Durham might take advantage of urban renewal funds. They came back with a plan for a 200 acre blighted area of Hayti that could be renovated. A Durham Redevelopment Commission was created in 1958. In the end “urban renewal” turned into “urban removal” as Hayti was destroyed and downtown was torn up for nearly 15 years with buildings being torn down and businesses moving to shopping centers and not returning.
In 1959 Research Triangle Park was established with 500 acres being given to the federal government to build research agencies. The towns of Raleigh, Chapel Hill and Durham benefitted from the park’s success but the result was that the unspoiled nature of the area was lost with the unrestrained construction, population growth and burden on local services.
In the 1959-60 school year, eight black students began the school integration process. In the 1970-71 school year, court-ordered integration came to the Durham schools.
Martin Luther King, Jr., came to Durham to visit the Woolworth’s lunch counter February 16, 1960, after sit-ins there the previous week. In total, Dr. King came to Durham five times. He was supposed to be here the day he was killed but it was decided that he could accomplish more by appearing in Memphis.
Durham saw many changes in the 1960s and 70s in addition to the Civil Rights Movement. The land along the Eno River became a state park, the Historic Preservation Society was formed after one too many buildings was leveled and there was much growth in the arts. In 1991 it was decided to merge city and county schools.
The last of the cotton mills closed in 1986 and the last tobacco manufacturing operation, Liggett and Myers, moved to Mebane in 1999.
There have been many changes since the early nineties—including a new athletic park, a new performing arts center, the start of improvements to the downtown area, as well as an influx of new residents, many from other countries. Which of these changes will make their way into future history books written about Durham? (For photographs and to see the entire program in Lynn Richardson’s own words, visit www.durhamcountylibrary.org/ncc/short_history.pdf)
The Minutes for June 2, 2010, were approved as published in the newsletter.
- Trading Path—Cathy and Rob were submitting Trading Path, Vol. 20, No. 2 and it would soon be posted online—at which time Ginger would notify everyone that it was available.
o Richard told another Dr. Lloyd story (see the Trading Path, Vol. 20, No. 2 online for the original article featuring the colorful Dr. Lloyd).
- Upcoming SIG meeting–in Peg’s absence, Carol told us that Peg would be presenting a program on using Excel spreadsheets in genealogy and wanted members to let her know how they use them.
- Treasurer’s Report—As of June 1 our balance was $2303.72, plus deposits of $135, culminating in a balance of $2438.72 for July 1.
Carol Boggs said she had received a note from D-OGS member Bebe Johns Fox who wanted to know the status of the NC Room and the security of the materials. Richard said he planned to volunteer at the NC Room once he had retired in the Fall.
There being no further business to discuss, the meeting was adjourned at 8:28 PM.
Tonya Fouse Krout
2nd Saturdays at Bennett Place State Historic Site – Authors of North Carolina
Bennett Place State Historic Site has a series of events held on the 2nd Saturday of the month. This month the theme is “Authors of North Carolina”. Authors from across North Carolina will share their books written about the history and culture of the Old North State. Topics include the American Revolution and the American Civil War. Cookbooks, folklore, and art are among the other subjects. Participating authors include:
- Stewart Dunaway, Historian on the American Revolution of the Piedmont, president of the SAR Alamance Battleground Chapter, author of Battle of Clapp’s Mill, Battle of Lindley’s Mill, Thomas Burke, Like a Bear With His Stern in a Corner and many more: http://www.lulu.com/sedunaway
- Bert Dunkerly, NPS Ranger and historian on the American Revolution, More than Roman Valor and Kings Mountain Walking Tour Guide and Old Ninety Six written with Eric K. Williams.
- Jim Wise, Writer for the News & Observer and historian of the Civil War and Durham, author of On Sherman’s Trail, Durham Tales, and many more
- Michael Hardy, Civil War historian with focus on the Confederate soldiers of North Carolina, 58th NC Troops, Tarheels in the Army of Tennessee, A Heinous Sin, The 1864 Brooksville Bayport Raid, and many more: http://www.michaelchardy.com/
- Robert Gable, author of Escape To Haven
- J. William English, author of November
- Beverly Heyde, author of Bend in the Road
- D. E. Montgomery, author of The Adventures of Curlylocks and Stripperella: A Modern Mother’s Tale
- Ernie Dollar, author of Morrisville, North Carolina, Images of America (Tentative)
- Suzie Barile, author of Undaunted Heart
- Betty Schiefelbein, author of a variety of Children’s books-A Special Visit to the Park, The Shingle Nail: A Parable of Worth
- Bryan Avery, author of Olde Averasborough, A Cape River Town
The activities will run from 10:00am to 4:00pm. Some of the authors will be making presentations on-site.
Books by these authors will be available for sale.
The Carolina Fife & Drum Band will join us and play music of the Civil War era throughout the day.
19th century living history programs are among the other activities of the day. There will also have a Civil War military encampment, Civil War Post Office, in which the kids will write their own letters and take to the postmaster for “mailing”.
Funeral Home Records
By Christine Sievers
We have been dealing with the artifacts of death in the last articles. I promise that we will move on to happier times soon. But before we move backwards in time to document our ancestor’s life, there is one death record repository that can provide you with a possible wealth of information. Learning how to garner information from a funeral home will serve you well when researching ancestors further in the past. In eras when death certificates were not required or possibly lost to disasters and wars, these records may fill the gaps in your documentation.
First, some facts about funeral homes. Many are family owned and have been passed down for generations. The same mortuary is often used by many family members. Small towns may have only one funeral home. All of these facts aid your search for the funeral home of your ancestor.
There is a trail of clues you can follow. The name of the funeral home is often noted on the death certificate, in an obituary, on a funeral card, or in the cemetery records. For those of you unfamiliar with them, funeral cards are just that, cards that are passed out at funerals to family and friends that contain a small amount of information on and a tribute to the deceased. They are usually ordered from the funeral home. Again, ask family members if they have one of these mementoes. Death certificates, obituaries and cemeteries, I covered in previous articles. You will need to have some information on your ancestor’s death before approaching a funeral home.
If you keep coming up short on information about your ancestor’s death, there are still clues that can be followed. Has your family used the same funeral home many times? If they have, and it is a home that has been in the same hands for years, they may be familiar with your family. This is also true in a small town, where funeral information between homes would be more known.
When you have narrowed your search, or have pinpointed the exact location, how you approach the funeral home will be important. They are private businesses that are not required to give you any information. The best way to make contact is with a polite letter explaining what you are looking for. A letter allows them to look for the record when they have time. So, they are apt to be more friendly toward your request, than if they had felt pressured by your unexpected appearance. Offer to pay for any time or copying expenses incurred. Ask if the records have been microfilmed by the local library or historical society, particularly older records.
Mortuaries vary greatly in the amount and retention of the information that they have. Older records may not have recorded much information, or they may have. Some have organized systems, others not. The more recent the death, the more information will be on the record, and the more easily accessible the record will be.
It is a source worth getting. You will never know what surprise information you will find. It may contain copies of other records, such as birth, military, or marriage. It will give clues to the life of your ancestor- who arranged his burial, was a funeral service given in a church, how much was spent, etc. As with all information given by a second source (most will have been provided by whoever is arranging the funeral), be aware of possible errors.
When searching for out of town mortuaries FuneralNet.com will help you locate an address. It is an index to funeral homes in the United States. For further help, you can post a request for information at Roots-L, a genealogy mailing list database. Click on the state that you are searching. There, you can search and post.
I wish you the best of luck in finding this often underused, but fascinating source.
(Christine is a short story and non-fiction writer who lives in Santa Barbara, CA. Since her writing does not keep the roof over my head, she also works as a fundraiser.)
Please get in touch with these folks if you have any information that may help them:
David Lane, 1009 Andiron Lane, Raleigh, NC 27614-9537 – 919-870-0090 – email@example.com
Seeking information on Joseph H. Morgan who was born in VA ca. 1790 and died in Granville County, NC in 1853. In 1829, Joseph H. Morgan is a witness to a deed for Elizabeth Laws in Orange County, NC. 1830 Census shows Joseph H. Morgan is in South Regiment, Granville Co, NC. 1840 Census suggests Joseph H. Morgan is in the household of William Horner who married Harriet Morgan Dec 24, 1834 in Orange County, NC. 1850 Census shows Joseph Morgan (age 60) in household with daughters Emeline (age 30) and Mary (age 25). Listed with William Horner in 1850 Products & Industry schedule. William Horner executor of estate in Nov 1853.
Kelly Southard, 514 Ashley Court, Chapel Hill, NC 27514 – 919-942-6796 firstname.lastname@example.org
Seeking information on Bera Harward born about 1902 in North Carolina and lived in Durham, North Carolina. She married Arthur W Southard (nickname Wilkes). Interested in knowing Bera Harward’s death date and place of death, along with place of burial.
Shirley Wheet – email@example.com
I am researching the Ackles Family. Charles Ferrell b about 1773 married a Sarah Ackles 19 April 1792 in Orange County, NC – source of marriage is 1741 – 2000 Orange Co. Marriage Collection FHL #0823664 & 04118148. Can you provide me with any additional information other than their marriage day?
Thank you in advance.
BIRELE – a cup-bearer
BIRTH CERTIFICATE – documentation about one’s birth.
BIRTHRIGHT – In New England, the eldest son received a double portion of the estate, it was called his birthright. If you should find a person has conveyed a 1/7 interest in the father’s estate, you may conclude there were six surviving children, each of whom received a 1/7 of the estate, except for the eldest son, who received a 2/7 or double portion.
BLACK DEATH – bubonic plague. A disease prevalent in the middle ages, but still occurring in third world countries, transmitted by fleas from rats.
BLACK DUTCH -
- Sephardic Jews who married Dutch protestants to escape the Inquisition, many of their descendants later moving to the Americas, the “black” referring to their dark hair and complexion;
- Descendents of marriages between Dutch women and Portuguese soldiers stationed in the Netherlands as part of Spanish forces in the Spanish-Dutch wars 1555-1609.
- Perhaps rarely, German immigrants c.1740 from the Black Forest region,
- Early 19th C. American Indians who claimed they were “Black Dutch” to avoid persecution or deportation to reservations
BLACK LUNG – a disease from breathing coal dust
- a written promise by a borrower to pay a lender a fixed dollar sum of interest for a prescribed period of time and to repay the principal on a stated date;
- a contract to carry out specific duties, such as a marriage, for which if not done satisfactorily, a penalty is paid
- head of a family
- a freeman serving as a vassal
Calendar of Events
Midwestern roots – Midwestern Roots is another conference you’ll want to put on your calendar. This Indiana Historical Society event is in Indianapolis, Ind., on Aug. 6-7, with pre-conference activities (including a writing workshop, computer labs and migration panel discussion) on Aug. 5.
Clapp family reunion – august 13-15, 2010
August 13, 2010 – 6:00 PM–Mr. Dave’s Pork Tenderloin Sandwiches are back at 3452 Harris Road – Don’t miss this renowned Indiana treat! RSVP Donna Bonds (firstname.lastname@example.org or 336-993-5782) and send a check for $8.00 per person to Emily Clapp (263 Clapp Farms Road, Greensboro, NC 27405) by August 8. Make the check payable to the Clapp Family Association.
7:00 PM-Program – “Clapp Guilford College Connections” & “NC and Indiana are aligned in many ways from Quakers to Basketball” by Mike Poston, Vice President for Advancement & Executive Director of Development at Guilford College
August 14, 2010 – 9:30 AM-Noon-Genealogy Exchange – Join the genealogy exchange at the Clapp Family Library located at 3452 Harris Road. Several groups will offer books/maps for sale. Make plans for afternoon tours. Brunch snacks and beverages will be provided.
2:00 PM-Afternoon Tour Options – Clapp’s Mill Memorial, the Clapp, Gates, and Company site, area cemeteries as Stoner’s, St. Paul’s, and Freidan’s
6:00 PM-Saturday Dinner – Gather at Brick Church for the incredible home-cooked buffet provided by the Brick Church women. To make reservations mail a check for $12.00 per person to Emily Clapp at the address above or RSVP Bruce Clapp at 336/449-7633.
7:15 PM-Program – “Life, Lore and Legend of McLeansville” - Helen Sockwell will share general history and Clapp stories from her book (copies available) by the same title.
August 15, 2010 - 11:00 AM –Worship at Brick Church
Worship with the family at “Der Klappe Kirche” and Pastor, Rev. Kristin Vaughn., your Clapp cousin. 12:20 PM-Lunch at a local restaurant
Come to Your Census – the 2010 BIFHS–USA Seminar – Saturday, August 14, 2010, 8:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. at the Creveling Lounge, Campus Center, Pasadena City College, 1570 E., Colorado Blvd., Pasadena California 91106-2003
It is time for you to *Come to Your Census*, and the BIFHS–USA seminar is just the place to start. The doors open at 8:30 a.m. and the seminar starts at 9:00 a.m. There will be four different speakers who will help you with your Census. You will have a choice during the first two sets of lectures. Beth McCarty will explain the English and Welsh Censuses or hear Nancy Ellen Carlberg reveal insights to the Scottish Censuses. After a break your will have another choice. Nancy Huebotter will speak about early US Censuses or listen to Jim McNamara provide details about Irish Censuses and Some substitutes. Lunch will follow the morning lectures.
You may either order and pay for your lunch when you register, or there are many fast food places within walking distance of PCC. You will want to return for the afternoon lectures. Nancy Huebotter will teach us how to upload data and images to our genealogy programs, and Nancy Ellen Carlberg will give suggestions to finding your ancestors with their misspelled names. The seminar will conclude with the drawing for the door prizes. The Grand Prize will be a two nights at Salt Lake City Plaza Hotel.
For more information and registrations form, see www.bifhsusa.org or www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~bifhsusa/seminar/index.html<http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/%7Ebifhsusa/seminar/index.html>.
Early Registration for BIFHS–USA Members, $45
Early Registration for Non-Members, $55
[*Registration must be received by July 25th for discount rates*]
Regular Deadline Registration – Members, $60
Regular Deadline Registration – Non Members, $70
Charting Your Path to Success – APG PMC, 17 August 2010, Knoxville, Tennessee – As professional genealogists we must educate ourselves on business issues, methodology, technological advances, and many other issues related to research. Conferences offer formal training opportunities as well as the ability to network with other professionals. Lunchtime and after–hours are often great times for networking. Put education at the top of your priority list and join us at this upcoming event.
The 2010 APG Professional Management Conference (PMC) on 17 August 2010 in Knoxville, Tennessee offers great educational opportunities. Register by 1 June and save $20.00. For more information see:
The topics for the 2010 PMC include:
*From the Trenches: How We Manage Clients, Time, and Projects* – Laura Prescott
*A Key to Success: Your Online Presence* – D. Joshua Taylor
*Overcoming Obstacles that Interfere with Genealogical Research* – Anne J. Miller, PhD
*Expand Your Revenue: Produce and Sell Your Lectures in Video Format* – Donna M. Moughty
*Niche Planning and Marketing* – Paula Stuart Warren, CG
*Choosing the Best Continuing Education Opportunities* -Elissa Scalise Powell, CG
*Get Published in Magazines!* – Leslie Albrecht Huber
*Notice*: There are two important changes to remember about the 2010 PMC. Prior PMCs were held on the Wednesday before the FGS conference started, but this year the PMC is a day earlier. The 2010 PMC is scheduled for Tuesday, 17 August. Lunch is included this year and is not a separate registration item.
Go to http://www.apgen.org/conferences/index.html for program details.
To register, go to http://www.fgsconference.org/. In order to attend the PMC, individuals must also register for at least one day of the Federation of Genealogical Societies (FGS) Conference.
FGS national conference – The Federation of Genealogical Societies national conference has extended its early bird registration discount to June 21. The conference takes place Aug. 18-21 in Knoxville, Tenn. Find out more about the classes, special events, exhibit hall (which we at Family Tree Magazine will call home for the four days) and local research opportunities on the FGS website.
Salt Lake Family History Expo – South Towne Exposition Center, August 27-28, 2010
Baltimore Family History Center Workshop – 11 September 2010 from 8 AM – 4 PM. Keynote Speaker –Dr. Gregory Prince. Free, Over 50 classes, over 25 instructors on all areas of family history both local to MD and pertaining to many areas of the world and US. To see more info and to register go to www.baltimorefamilyhistoryworkshop.org . or email email@example.com
St. Louis Research Workshop – The St. Louis Genealogical Society is offering a unique research opportunity for those whose ancestors were born, lived, worked, or died in St. Louis. The St. Louis Research Workshop is a weeklong program, 13-17 September 2010, which provides in-depth assistance in researching the collections in some of St. Louis’ finest repositories.
Local genealogical experts will describe the collections, give presentations about pertain genealogical records, and answer specific method questions. Under the specialists’ guidance, participants will have the chance to research at two noted genealogical facilities, St. Louis County Library and Missouri History Museum Library. Hands-on research and consultations will also take place at the St. Louis Genealogical Society’s office located at number 4 Sunnen Drive, Suite 140, Sunnen Business Park in Maplewood, Missouri.
This workshop is limited to twenty individuals to ensure that each participant receives personal attention and assistance. Registration is required with early discounts available until August 15th.
For more information or to register for the St. Louis Research Workshop, call 314-647-8547 or visit the St. Louis Genealogical Society’s website at www.stlgs.org.
Genealogy: Tracing yourself back to better people.
When everything is coming your way, you’re in the wrong lane. – Stephen Wright