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John Allen Midgett, Jr.
Aug. 25, 1876 - Feb. 9, 1938


Source: Dictionary of North Carolina Biography edited by William S. Powell; Vol. 4; pgs. 265-266
Photo: USCG Headquarters Historical Photo

  John Allen Midgett, Jr., chief warrant officer in the U.S. Coast Guard, was born at Chicamacomico (now Rodanthe) of English ancestry. He was the son of Phoebe O'Neal and John Allen Midgett, Sr., officer-in-charge (keeper) of New Inlet Life-Saving Station (formerly Loggerhead Inlet), located between Orgeon Inlet and Chicamacomico on North Carolina's Outer Banks.  Midgett was reared on Cape Hatteras Island near the famed "graveyard of the Atlantic"-- Diamond Shoals--and attended the village school through whatever grades were taught at that time. The remainder of his formal education was accomplished in a private academy in Elizabeth City.
    Returning to his native soil as a very young boy, he grew up strong in stature, absorbing the lore and lure of the sea, knowing no fear of the vast ocean but learning a deep respect for it. With the Midgett lifsaving tradition behind him, it is no wonder the he too chose his life's work in becoming a member of the U.S. Life Saving Service, enlisting from North Carolina in 1898 and serving through the merger of the Life Saving Service with the U.S. Coast Guard until his death in 1938. Prior to his service at Chicamacomico Station, he served at Little Kinnakeet and Gull Shoal stations. After the Mirlo rescue he was called by the U.S. Navy to the Philadelphia Navy Yard, probably to act briefly in the role of Coast Guard consultant concerning the German submarine activity off the east coast. This is supposition, since information of that nature is strictly classified.
    No man in the United States Coast Guard became more widely known than Midgett after his heroism one August afternoon in 1918.  Chief Boastwain Midgett, while in charge of Chicamacomico Coast Guard Station, was in command of a lifeboat that went to the aid of the British tanker Mirlo, which had been torpedoed by a German submarine offshore from Midgett's station.  The ship's cargo of gasoline and oil spread over ten miles of ocean, burning as it spread.  The crew of the stricken tanker abandoned ship in three boats.  One capsized as it was being lowered; another was so crowded as to be unmanageable.  The daring crew of the Chicamacomico Coast Guard Station and its commanding officer pulled the survivors of the capsized boat from the blazing oil, located and took the other two boats in tow, and landed forty-two men safely ashore through a burning ocean of raging, stormy surf.  Midgett's simple sentences, in their brevity, are best captured in his official report of the episode in the Coast Guard annals,  This report give an unforgettable picture of a deed of daring that takes first rank in the saga of the U.S. Coast Guard Service.
    In Coast Guard history, one name--Midgett--continually appears.  The Midgetts have been labeled "Mighty Men", catalogued and described as legendary, heroic, loyal, proud, and, above all, American.  Among them, Chief Warrant Officer Midgett had a profound influence on the Coast Guard's history and is an inspiration to the young boot and old salt alike. On July 2, 1972, acknowledging the contribution by the famous Outer Banks family and to honor John Allen Midgett, Jr., the North Carolina Navy League Council, the state of N.C. and the U.S. Coast Guard proclaimed "Midgett Day".  In remembrance of Chief Warrant Officer, the Coast Guard named its newest cutter Midgett, and had the 378-foot ship on exhibition at Morehead City on Midgett Day. This class of cutter is named after either past Secretaries of the Treasury or Coast Guard heroes. The cutter is primarily a search-and-rescue vessel, but plays an integral part in the coast guard's many other roles such as aids to navigation, a floating landing pad for helicopters, oceanography, meteorology and of course, in time of war, an anti-submarine vessel.
    In December 1920 Midgett received a gold medal for gallantry in lifesaving from the British government, and a silver cup from the British Board of Trade.  In 1930 he and the members of the Mirlo rescue crew--Zion S, Midgett, Leroy S. Midgett, Arthur V. Midgett, Clarence E, Midgett and Prochorous O'Neal (married to a Midgett) --were awarded the American Cross of Honor.
    John Allen  was ambitious and actively interested in politics. An independent by tradition, environment and conviction--voting for "the man" rather than a party--this brave and modest man had many friends both Democratic and Republican. He was a close friend of Franklin Roosevelt and most of the congressmen during the Roosevelt years, many of the said congressmen leaving their Washington seats to come to Rodanthe to attend his funeral in 1938.
    Midgett sprang from deeply religious Methodists; he was noted for his honesty, courage and kindness. Like all the "Mighty Midgetts" before (and after) him, he had a great capacity for taking life by the scruff of the neck and shaking her into doing his bidding.  He advised justly, assisted readily, took provocations patiently, defended courageously, and was a friend unchangeably.  A leader on his native Cape Hatteras, taking an interest in education and in community improvements such as roads and better transportation on the Outer Banks.  He was a Thirty-second degree, Scottish Rite Mason, with membership in the Wanchese, N.C. Masonic Lodge.
    He married Jazania Spencer Payne of Chicamacomico, and the couple had four children: Nora M. Herbert, Bethany M. Gray, Herbert, and Ellery C. (a captain in the U.S. Navy and later a captain in the U.S. merchant Marine).
    John Allen Midgett, Jr. died a "landsman's" death in the Public Health Hospital at Norfolk, Va., as the result of complications suffered in an automobile accident during the 1937 Christmas holidays.  Had he lived until August 1938, he would have been sixty-three, and that month would have marked the forty-second year of his active service in the Coast Guard. The next year, as a warrant officer, he would have retired, and his period of service would have remained a record for a long while. He, his wife, and his daughter Nora, are buried in the Manteo Cemetery on Roanoke Island.

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2010 Kay Midgett Sheppard & Marla Beasley